February 26, 2017, 1:25 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07316 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54134 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03547 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30584 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02581 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03566 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03985 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.58916 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03686 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0075 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.57502 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01992 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02801 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13648 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06094 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01992 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33493 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2068 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 398.88425 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0398 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0261 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.72046 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13672 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.13688 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.05639 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01992 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07671 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50888 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.53457 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93146 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19109 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2946 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31381 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4485 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01883 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04109 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08724 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.86631 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 183.70194 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14674 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.07272 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1546 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46742 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13926 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29548 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.80753 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 265.9494 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07359 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32863 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.53058 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 645.38754 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17673 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5527 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01409 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24469 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05918 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37643 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.57561 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.1855 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.93186 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.54632 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00607 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01634 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.20761 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.27555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.96613 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99761 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.79319 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25802 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06074 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01236 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02836 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20106 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39739 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.15302 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.97749 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 49.15322 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15924 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.07312 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70472 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30803 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.28352 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3922 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0886 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25623 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.27615 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58478 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16617 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16378 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02755 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00766 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01992 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06452 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06317 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08428 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08101 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 113.69198 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07254 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08479 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.15051 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.24686 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07471 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.155 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26894 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12751 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17911 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02802 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44244 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.37996 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.93843 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 461.47041 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17378 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.26061 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25623 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69755 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0455 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04518 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07108 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61008 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.39131 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54164 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.22933 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01992 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56326 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 66.74637 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19873 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 454.0546 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10699 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0506 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.34369 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0538 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.43714 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23132 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98008 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25645 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.39709 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.2106 Zimbabwe dollar

Delaying approval of Golden Rice a ‘crime’

Delaying the approval of Golden Rice is a crime, a co-founder of Greenpeace said yesterday.

If it was a cure for cancer, malaria or Ebola, it would have been approved 10 years ago, said Dr. Patrick Moore, chairman of a group that wants the release of Golden Rice which is genetically-modified to provide vitamin A and prevent blindness and death among mothers and children. 

“In that time 20 million people, mostly children, have died This is a crime against humanity,” he said.

Moore is touring Asia as part of Allow Golden Rice Society’s advocacy campaign in the Philippines, Bangladesh and India where Vitamin A deficiency is a major cause of child deaths.

The World Health Organization estimates that 250 million pre-school aged children are chronically Vitamin A-deficient. Each year, about two million, mostly children, die and as many as 500,000 children go blind  due to the deficiency.

Nearly 3 billion people depend on rice as their main staple, providing an opportunity to deliver Vitamin A. While many staple crops such as corn, wheat and potatoes  contain beta carotene in sufficient quantity, no variety of conventional “white” rice contains beta carotene. The incidence of Vitamin A- deficiency is prevalent in  rice-eating countries.

Golden Rice,  a Genetically Modified Organism (GMO), is  genetically engineered to produce and accumulate beta-carotene in the endosperm, the edible part of the rice grain. Geneticists have inserted three genes – also found in squash, carrots and melons – into the rice DNA to allow it to make beta carotene, a source of vitamin A. 

When the rice is consumed, the beta-carotene (which gives the grains a golden color) is either stored in the fatty tissues of the body or converted into Vitamin A which is essential for healthy eyes and the immune system. Vitamin A is naturally found in fruits, vegetables but rice does not have the genes to make it.

“Golden Rice is the obvious cure, but because it was created with genetic science, Greenpeace and the anti-GMO movement fervently oppose it,” said Moore. 

Moore is a co-founder of Greenpeace in 1971 and served for nine years as head of Greenpeace Canada and seven years as a Director of Greenpeace International which he also co-founded in 1979. He was behind many policy directions that made Greenpeace the world’s largest environmental activist organization.

“All we ask is that Greenpeace and their allies make an exception for Golden Rice to their opposition to gene-modified crops,” he said. “Millions of lives are at stake.”

He believes that Golden Rice “will be one of the most cost-effective cures for a major killer in history.”

“Once Golden Rice is approved for cultivation it will be sustainable in perpetuity,” Moore said. “Farmers will be able to save seeds and replant them. It will be affordable at no additional cost compared to regular rice.”

Golden Rice is a public project. While the seed company Syngenta helped develop Golden Rice, it has  given it for free (no fees, no royalties) to the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). The Golden Rice varieties now being bred by IRRI and the Philippine Rice Research Institute will be turned over to the government which will then determine how to distribute them to farmers.

The annual cost of distributing Vitamin A capsules is more than $500 million, Moore said, pointing out that during the eight years it took to develop Golden Rice from 1991 to 1999, about $4 billion was spent on the distribution of Vitamin A pills. 

Rice could be a cheaper vehicle. According to IRRI, eating about one cup a day of Golden Rice could provide half of an adult’s vitamin A needs. The estimate is based on research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2009.

“Vitamin A deficiency kills more children than malaria, AIDS or tuberculosis,” Moore said. The United Nations Children’s Fund or UNICEF estimates that 124 million children in the world are chronically deficient in Vitamin A.

“Vitamin A deficiency is the biggest killer of children in the whole world – and yet we’ve got a cure for it and it’s not allowed to be used,” Moore said, pointing out that vitamin A deficiency is not a disease but simply the lack of an essential nutrient.
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