August 21, 2017, 3:05 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19187 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03469 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03464 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03892 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5756 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03242 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.60051 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13349 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06121 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19907 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 389.56996 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03888 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01877 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.5721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12979 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11442 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.13232 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82448 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43076 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44814 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91224 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25874 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45257 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03921 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0151 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08543 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.07628 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97957 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15221 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45349 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12172 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20354 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01888 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.9533 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07033 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.7087 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 640.80562 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08893 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12376 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00234 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33721 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92995 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.16852 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01596 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.48297 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.09555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.29364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98307 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22611 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26095 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05932 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01208 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1842 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34588 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01323 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.3633 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02471 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64623 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30142 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.93073 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08344 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1006 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58844 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.06149 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

P145B lost due to static gas tax

The government is losing an estimated P145 billion in potential annual revenues, enough to fund two elevated railway systems or even the stalled Laguna Lakeshore expressway due to failure to increase excise tax on gasoline.

The amount is also equivalent to about one percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). 

The Department of Finance said that gasoline excise taxes have remained the same in the last two decades and diesel products have been tax-free for the past 12 years. 

Karl Kendrick Chua, DOF undersecretary, said the government is now proposing to correct these flaws in the country’s tax system by adjusting fuel excise taxes and later indexing them to inflation, along with the proposals to lower personal income tax (PIT) rates and provide direct cash transfers to vulnerable sectors to offset the impact of the higher tax rates. 

At the same time, Chua said DOF is vigorously pursuing tax administration reforms at the Bureaus of Internal Revenue and of Customs to help raise sufficient funds primarily for the infrastructure buildup under the Duterte administration.

“But tax administration reforms are not enough to raise adequate funds to bankroll the Duterte administration’s agenda of high and inclusive growth, given the inherent flaws in the country’s tax system that require urgent correction, such as the non-indexation of tax rates to inflation,” Chua said.

He noted, for instance, the current gasoline excise tax rates have not changed for the last 20 years while diesel has been tax exempt for the last 12 years. 

Specifically, diesel and other products such as processed gas, denatured alcohol used for motive power, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, asphalts and bunker fuel oil are presently exempted from excise tax rate.

Regular gasoline and other products such as lubricating oils and greases, waxes and petrolatum, naphtha, leaded and unleaded premium gasoline, and aviation turbo jet fuel are imposed tax rates as high as P4.35 per liter.

“These rates, which have not been corrected to account for inflation, have led to a massive foregone revenue loss of about P145 billion (in 2016 prices), which represents over one percent of the GDP,” Chua said.

“Our proposal to adjust the fuel excise tax to around P6 per liter merely updates the rates to current levels as this represents the cumulative inflation since 1997,” he added.

Chua said even with the adjustments, the retail prices of gasoline and diesel will still be much lower than the rates during the oil price shocks of 2011 and 2012, as global oil prices are down and expected to remain low in the few years ahead.

Chua noted the taxpayers will also get a relief from the impact of the fuel excise adjustments because of the lower PIT rates the DOF is proposing under its Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP), which will more than offset the slightly higher transport, food and commuting costs.

For vulnerable sectors and low-income groups, Chua said DOF alsoproposed under the CTRP a targeted cash transfer program for the poorest 50 percent of households which includes cash transfer, the reintroduction of the PantawidPasada program that will provide fuel price discounts to public utility vehicles and a jeep modernization program to improve the engine efficiency of these vehicles.

“These proposed initiatives will cushion the impact of higher fuel excises on transportation, commuting and food costs for the poorest 50 percent,” Chua said.  

“With higher revenues from the oil excise tax reform, we can fund the massive public infrastructure program that is needed to reduce traffic congestion, improve connectivity and raise the economic productivity of Filipinos, especially those living in the countryside,” he added.

The DOF also said that the P145 billion can fully finance several PPP projects like, 1. LRT Line 1 Cavite Extension (P65 billion) , Cavite-Laguna Expressway (P35.43 billion)

And  NLEX-SLEX Connector Road (P23.2 billion). 

Chua said proceeds of the reform package will fund  the government’s big-ticket infrastructure projects 

Diokno said, though, that this unprecedented infrastructure spending can happen only if the government were to raise a lot more revenues to ensure the financial viability of such an ambitious program.

“This can only be done by implementing broad and deep reforms in tax policy and administration through the enactment of the Department of Finance (DOF)-proposed Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) now pending in the Congress,” Diokno noted. 

Dominguez said tax reform is needed so that the government can invest P1 trillion more each year on top of the current P1.3 trillion it invests in the domestic economy. Of the additional P1 trillion, he said P402 billion will be invested in education, P138 billion in health, P147 billion in social protection for the poorest of the poor, P194 billion in urban infrastructure and P188 billion in rural infrastructure.”
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