June 26, 2017, 1:27 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07443 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4017 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03628 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32436 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02723 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03626 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04054 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63579 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03534 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.60377 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13904 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06579 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30624 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20692 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 405.75598 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04049 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02733 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01952 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.57175 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13799 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.59343 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.43535 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98075 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47231 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.59951 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13357 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95278 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19181 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28109 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36583 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46433 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01797 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04244 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01572 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08685 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91021 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.75233 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1491 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.14512 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15784 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47422 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13229 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24625 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.54195 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.57844 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07211 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30521 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.93595 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 657.62059 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9771 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.6139 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23666 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0906 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38113 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.57681 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.12404 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.24078 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.6366 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00614 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01662 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.364 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 166.08836 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.51277 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.08877 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84435 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25922 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06179 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01258 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02821 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19642 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36735 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.09972 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.52331 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27726 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16258 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.25578 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70024 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31394 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.54094 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37863 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08672 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52615 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59972 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17055 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08654 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00779 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06622 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06654 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11897 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.82935 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0738 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08196 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14766 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.61897 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.076 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16004 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26836 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13498 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17451 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45006 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 152.00649 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08634 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 435.85326 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17678 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.43737 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26014 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6897 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04917 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04647 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0711 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61011 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 45.17633 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53223 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.78071 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57377 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 77.82732 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20216 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 459.54601 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18241 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05201 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77483 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05472 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.82205 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13174 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.06546 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25921 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 105.17835 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.33482 Zimbabwe dollar

‘Game of Thrones’

IN the HBO hit series “Game of Thrones,” audiences are equally enthralled with the constant maneuverings and scheming involved in the King’s Small Council, which is made up of allies, advisors, family members, and trusted supporters. 

Sometimes the Small Council does good and ends up supporting the King; sometimes, petty squabbles and slights among its members result in overthrowing the occupant of the Iron Throne. 

The Cabinet of the President of the Philippines is in many ways similar to the fictional Small Council of King’s Landing. 

From the beginning of any president’s term, political observers keep a close watch on who ends up where, made more interesting by the inevitable jockeying and jostling between power blocs within an incoming administration. 

As members of the Official Family, cabinet secretaries are the president’s alter egos under the doctrine of qualified political agency, which has been long recognized under our legal system in order to assist the Chief Executive in running the government. As alter egos, the decision of the Cabinet as individuals on matters under the purview of their designation stand as long they are not overturned or contradicted by the source of the authority. Depending on the incumbent’s management style, cabinet members may be shuffled as frequently as your playlist on Spotify, changed as often as your smartphone, or unmoving in their positions as the traffic along EDSA, much to the consternation of well-meaning citizens. 

 (Don’t feel too bad for them, my dear millennials and feellennials. Should they feel unnecessarily abused by their boss, they can always take comfort in the fact that a majority of cabinet members can declare a sitting president unfit to discharge the powers and duties of his office by the 1987 Constitution, thereby triggering a succession mechanism.)

It goes without saying that harmony within the Cabinet in terms of policy and professionalism is imperative to the success of any administration. Conversely, in-fighting can and will effectively hamper progress in pushing for the President’s agenda. 

Case in point is the not-so cold war between Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez and Environment Secretary Gina Lopez. Without a doubt, these two have been on a collision course since the day that Lopez made good on her promise to review existing mining agreements that are detrimental to the environment. After an audit, Lopez shut down mining operations in ten provinces, and intends to suspend more. This seemed to catch her fellow cabinet members off guard, and the rest of the Cabinet scrambled to catch up.

After an uproar from pro-mining stakeholders, Dominguez, through the Mining Industry Coordinating Council, or MICC (the Department of Finance co-chairs this, alongside DENR), ordered a review of the DENR’s audit. Before the MICC review even started, Duterte and his Cabinet intervened by putting on hold DENR’s closure orders. Even as the issue remained unresolved, Lopez faced intense grilling from members of the Commission on Appointments (CA) for her confirmation. Facing opposition left and right from pro-mining groups, local government officials, and groups fearful of losing their jobs in the mining sector, Lopez defended herself and her decisions firmly, as can be expected of a passionate advocate. Little did she know that another chink in her armor would be delivered by no other than a fellow cabinet member: Dominguez himself appeared (which by itself was very strange and unusual, considering that it involved the confirmation of a colleague) in a caucus called by the CA to tell its members that other concerned departments were not consulted on the matter, and that there was a failure to accord the mining firms due process in closing them down. Earlier, Dominguez also let slip a little barb during a Palace press briefing: “Being a secretary is not like being a crusader; being a secretary is balancing the needs of the different sectors in society,” in response to a question if Lopez’s confirmation will be good for government. Lopez has since been bypassed by the CA, and is expected to return for another round of hearings in May, as Duterte himself has confirmed the reappointment of his favorite crusader.

Skirmishes are not uncommon within the Cabinet, and to a certain extent, are expected especially when crafting national policy that cuts across wide swathes of society. But these clashes are best kept within the four walls of the Aguinaldo State Dining Room, far from public view, where differences can be settled away from prying eyes and ears. Seeing the President’s men and women in open combat also unwittingly gives us insight on Duterte’s management style: he lets them duke it out in public either because he cannot control them, or he couldn’t care less that the business of governance is impeded by these public intramurals. 

Back in Westeros, the question Lord Varys poses to Ned Stark expresses it best: “Why is it always the innocents who suffer most when you high lords play your game of thrones?” While we may be temporarily amused to witness the jousting and parrying between the combatants, in the long run, it is the public that will inevitably suffer when the valuable time and energy of our officials is spent clawing at each other rather than working together to solve the long list of maladies confronting our government today.

It’s Complicated

Issues facing government are not always about two sides. Abigail Valte’s law background and deep dive into government provides insight on its inner workings and what factors go into policy decision making.

Her once a week column is an incision on current political and social issues.
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