June 25, 2018, 3:49 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

‘Game of Thrones’

IN the HBO hit series “Game of Thrones,” audiences are equally enthralled with the constant maneuverings and scheming involved in the King’s Small Council, which is made up of allies, advisors, family members, and trusted supporters. 

Sometimes the Small Council does good and ends up supporting the King; sometimes, petty squabbles and slights among its members result in overthrowing the occupant of the Iron Throne. 

The Cabinet of the President of the Philippines is in many ways similar to the fictional Small Council of King’s Landing. 

From the beginning of any president’s term, political observers keep a close watch on who ends up where, made more interesting by the inevitable jockeying and jostling between power blocs within an incoming administration. 

As members of the Official Family, cabinet secretaries are the president’s alter egos under the doctrine of qualified political agency, which has been long recognized under our legal system in order to assist the Chief Executive in running the government. As alter egos, the decision of the Cabinet as individuals on matters under the purview of their designation stand as long they are not overturned or contradicted by the source of the authority. Depending on the incumbent’s management style, cabinet members may be shuffled as frequently as your playlist on Spotify, changed as often as your smartphone, or unmoving in their positions as the traffic along EDSA, much to the consternation of well-meaning citizens. 

 (Don’t feel too bad for them, my dear millennials and feellennials. Should they feel unnecessarily abused by their boss, they can always take comfort in the fact that a majority of cabinet members can declare a sitting president unfit to discharge the powers and duties of his office by the 1987 Constitution, thereby triggering a succession mechanism.)

It goes without saying that harmony within the Cabinet in terms of policy and professionalism is imperative to the success of any administration. Conversely, in-fighting can and will effectively hamper progress in pushing for the President’s agenda. 

Case in point is the not-so cold war between Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez and Environment Secretary Gina Lopez. Without a doubt, these two have been on a collision course since the day that Lopez made good on her promise to review existing mining agreements that are detrimental to the environment. After an audit, Lopez shut down mining operations in ten provinces, and intends to suspend more. This seemed to catch her fellow cabinet members off guard, and the rest of the Cabinet scrambled to catch up.

After an uproar from pro-mining stakeholders, Dominguez, through the Mining Industry Coordinating Council, or MICC (the Department of Finance co-chairs this, alongside DENR), ordered a review of the DENR’s audit. Before the MICC review even started, Duterte and his Cabinet intervened by putting on hold DENR’s closure orders. Even as the issue remained unresolved, Lopez faced intense grilling from members of the Commission on Appointments (CA) for her confirmation. Facing opposition left and right from pro-mining groups, local government officials, and groups fearful of losing their jobs in the mining sector, Lopez defended herself and her decisions firmly, as can be expected of a passionate advocate. Little did she know that another chink in her armor would be delivered by no other than a fellow cabinet member: Dominguez himself appeared (which by itself was very strange and unusual, considering that it involved the confirmation of a colleague) in a caucus called by the CA to tell its members that other concerned departments were not consulted on the matter, and that there was a failure to accord the mining firms due process in closing them down. Earlier, Dominguez also let slip a little barb during a Palace press briefing: “Being a secretary is not like being a crusader; being a secretary is balancing the needs of the different sectors in society,” in response to a question if Lopez’s confirmation will be good for government. Lopez has since been bypassed by the CA, and is expected to return for another round of hearings in May, as Duterte himself has confirmed the reappointment of his favorite crusader.

Skirmishes are not uncommon within the Cabinet, and to a certain extent, are expected especially when crafting national policy that cuts across wide swathes of society. But these clashes are best kept within the four walls of the Aguinaldo State Dining Room, far from public view, where differences can be settled away from prying eyes and ears. Seeing the President’s men and women in open combat also unwittingly gives us insight on Duterte’s management style: he lets them duke it out in public either because he cannot control them, or he couldn’t care less that the business of governance is impeded by these public intramurals. 

Back in Westeros, the question Lord Varys poses to Ned Stark expresses it best: “Why is it always the innocents who suffer most when you high lords play your game of thrones?” While we may be temporarily amused to witness the jousting and parrying between the combatants, in the long run, it is the public that will inevitably suffer when the valuable time and energy of our officials is spent clawing at each other rather than working together to solve the long list of maladies confronting our government today.

It’s Complicated

Issues facing government are not always about two sides. Abigail Valte’s law background and deep dive into government provides insight on its inner workings and what factors go into policy decision making.

Her once a week column is an incision on current political and social issues.
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