October 22, 2017, 9:34 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07128 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18168 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0346 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33849 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03455 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03882 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59705 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03208 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00732 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.78397 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02639 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13315 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06146 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26213 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20042 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 388.58696 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03878 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01906 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.12442 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1285 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.61879 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99029 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81172 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42217 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44992 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91751 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21396 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25699 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34161 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52232 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01642 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03984 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01474 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01481 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08518 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91421 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.2236 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14253 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.96933 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15143 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45421 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12329 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19002 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.04988 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.46118 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06762 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63199 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 665.74146 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03707 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.46487 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01373 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19732 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00019 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33191 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.26087 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11083 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.46894 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.96991 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00585 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.49204 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 160.69488 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.21972 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98137 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29173 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26378 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05918 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01204 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02652 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18258 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33463 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00621 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.37811 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.47671 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15597 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.84045 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65703 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30221 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.90062 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36633 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08199 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8323 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58773 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0099 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02778 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06206 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03901 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06957 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.45264 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07337 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11374 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.1349 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07279 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15088 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26054 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12926 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15816 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0264 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43102 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.90373 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81134 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.56018 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16984 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.99573 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64344 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04808 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04338 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07108 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12963 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58637 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.42003 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51417 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.78804 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5722 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.95885 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1936 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 440.93556 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02426 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76747 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05241 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69488 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.94759 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85151 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26339 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.72787 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02446 Zimbabwe dollar

‘Game of Thrones’

IN the HBO hit series “Game of Thrones,” audiences are equally enthralled with the constant maneuverings and scheming involved in the King’s Small Council, which is made up of allies, advisors, family members, and trusted supporters. 

Sometimes the Small Council does good and ends up supporting the King; sometimes, petty squabbles and slights among its members result in overthrowing the occupant of the Iron Throne. 

The Cabinet of the President of the Philippines is in many ways similar to the fictional Small Council of King’s Landing. 

From the beginning of any president’s term, political observers keep a close watch on who ends up where, made more interesting by the inevitable jockeying and jostling between power blocs within an incoming administration. 

As members of the Official Family, cabinet secretaries are the president’s alter egos under the doctrine of qualified political agency, which has been long recognized under our legal system in order to assist the Chief Executive in running the government. As alter egos, the decision of the Cabinet as individuals on matters under the purview of their designation stand as long they are not overturned or contradicted by the source of the authority. Depending on the incumbent’s management style, cabinet members may be shuffled as frequently as your playlist on Spotify, changed as often as your smartphone, or unmoving in their positions as the traffic along EDSA, much to the consternation of well-meaning citizens. 

 (Don’t feel too bad for them, my dear millennials and feellennials. Should they feel unnecessarily abused by their boss, they can always take comfort in the fact that a majority of cabinet members can declare a sitting president unfit to discharge the powers and duties of his office by the 1987 Constitution, thereby triggering a succession mechanism.)

It goes without saying that harmony within the Cabinet in terms of policy and professionalism is imperative to the success of any administration. Conversely, in-fighting can and will effectively hamper progress in pushing for the President’s agenda. 

Case in point is the not-so cold war between Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez and Environment Secretary Gina Lopez. Without a doubt, these two have been on a collision course since the day that Lopez made good on her promise to review existing mining agreements that are detrimental to the environment. After an audit, Lopez shut down mining operations in ten provinces, and intends to suspend more. This seemed to catch her fellow cabinet members off guard, and the rest of the Cabinet scrambled to catch up.

After an uproar from pro-mining stakeholders, Dominguez, through the Mining Industry Coordinating Council, or MICC (the Department of Finance co-chairs this, alongside DENR), ordered a review of the DENR’s audit. Before the MICC review even started, Duterte and his Cabinet intervened by putting on hold DENR’s closure orders. Even as the issue remained unresolved, Lopez faced intense grilling from members of the Commission on Appointments (CA) for her confirmation. Facing opposition left and right from pro-mining groups, local government officials, and groups fearful of losing their jobs in the mining sector, Lopez defended herself and her decisions firmly, as can be expected of a passionate advocate. Little did she know that another chink in her armor would be delivered by no other than a fellow cabinet member: Dominguez himself appeared (which by itself was very strange and unusual, considering that it involved the confirmation of a colleague) in a caucus called by the CA to tell its members that other concerned departments were not consulted on the matter, and that there was a failure to accord the mining firms due process in closing them down. Earlier, Dominguez also let slip a little barb during a Palace press briefing: “Being a secretary is not like being a crusader; being a secretary is balancing the needs of the different sectors in society,” in response to a question if Lopez’s confirmation will be good for government. Lopez has since been bypassed by the CA, and is expected to return for another round of hearings in May, as Duterte himself has confirmed the reappointment of his favorite crusader.

Skirmishes are not uncommon within the Cabinet, and to a certain extent, are expected especially when crafting national policy that cuts across wide swathes of society. But these clashes are best kept within the four walls of the Aguinaldo State Dining Room, far from public view, where differences can be settled away from prying eyes and ears. Seeing the President’s men and women in open combat also unwittingly gives us insight on Duterte’s management style: he lets them duke it out in public either because he cannot control them, or he couldn’t care less that the business of governance is impeded by these public intramurals. 

Back in Westeros, the question Lord Varys poses to Ned Stark expresses it best: “Why is it always the innocents who suffer most when you high lords play your game of thrones?” While we may be temporarily amused to witness the jousting and parrying between the combatants, in the long run, it is the public that will inevitably suffer when the valuable time and energy of our officials is spent clawing at each other rather than working together to solve the long list of maladies confronting our government today.

It’s Complicated

Issues facing government are not always about two sides. Abigail Valte’s law background and deep dive into government provides insight on its inner workings and what factors go into policy decision making.

Her once a week column is an incision on current political and social issues.
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