April 27, 2018, 7:04 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07067 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04214 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39475 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02545 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03848 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61997 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03093 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00725 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.69213 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02511 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13181 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06731 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27622 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18873 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 385.22224 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03844 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02475 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01901 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.59746 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12188 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.13893 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81297 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.75101 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40451 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.40254 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11828 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95228 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24835 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33981 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52376 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03935 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01381 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08579 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89994 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 173.19607 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14116 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.98422 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15097 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45338 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11771 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2411 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96671 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.13488 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06892 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28763 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.78237 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 808.15854 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95209 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37271 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01363 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10216 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92419 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32033 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.1599 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.74909 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.31768 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.73446 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00578 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01578 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.31441 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.45738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.95901 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03079 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52088 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05866 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01194 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02571 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17834 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3172 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.97229 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.57245 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.98807 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15549 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79238 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64845 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2996 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.77275 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36266 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07533 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.90783 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5965 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15376 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05118 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06226 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06253 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22244 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06713 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.81739 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07004 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07398 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20728 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.27497 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07215 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15075 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25842 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34734 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1666 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02553 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42728 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.08659 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83317 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 389.09177 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16837 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.90918 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23902 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60785 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04673 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04257 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07818 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57066 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7945 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50356 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.29113 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54531 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.05099 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1284.77966 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 438.02193 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04753 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04934 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05195 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.88359 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.80854 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.85568 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.96363 Zimbabwe dollar

Alvarez is dreaming

SPEAKER Pantaleon Alvarez said it is likely that Congress will transform itself into a “constituent assembly” and approve the amendment in the Constitution from a unitary-presidential form of government to federalism, in time for the May 8, 2018 barangay elections which could double as a plebiscite, too.

That is the plan of the ruling party and the rest of the Duterte administration officials, and they are dreaming.  

The Speaker’s loose grasp of the relevant charter provisions, not to mention the realities of the slow legislative grind and mass acceptance of the concept of federalism which is still unexplained to many Filipinos, all point to the fact that the No. 1 lawmaker in the House is clueless on Charter change issues.

He is also more interested in talking about extension of the terms of office of President Duterte, the senators and the congressmen, as would be needed by the Transitory Provisions of the soon-to-be-written new charter.

First, there is no such thing as a “constituent assembly” in the 1987 Constitution.  Please show us where in the Constitution the term “constituent assembly” is even mentioned.  Alvarez, Senate President Koko Pimentel and President Duterte, all lawyers, cannot do that because the term does not exist in the Constitution.

They should read Article 17, Section 1 on Amendments or Revisions.  It says there amendments and revisions may be done three ways -- by Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members, or a constitutional convention, or directly through a people’s initiative.

The constituent assembly might have been mentioned in the 1935 Constitution, but that’s a long time ago, and if Alvarez chooses to live in the days of Quezon, then he might as well do that.  

Is Alvarez aware that they only have up to March 8, 2018 to pass legislation, amendment or revision with 3/4 votes of all members of the Philippine Congress to have the Charter revisions conveniently “ride” as a plebiscite question in the barangay elections of May 8, 2018? 

Section 4 says: “Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution under Section 1 hereof shall be valid when ratified by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite which shall be held not earlier than sixty days nor later than ninety days after the approval of such amendment or revision.”

That means they have just two months to do it.  64 days from today, to be exact.  And the representatives and the senators -- have not even agreed if it should be joint voting or separate voting.  No wonder Pimentel is laughing at the Alvarez timeline.

We suspect one reason these House lawmakers keep on harping about a “constituent assembly” is because the term implies that Congress is sitting as one body in the plenary hall and the two chambers are voting jointly.

The senators would not like this, with their 22 votes diluted by over 200 votes from the House, their egos telling them that their vote is qualitatively higher than their counterparts in the lower chamber.

It is only Senate President Koko Pimentel who displays some degree of pragmatism and good sense. He reminded Alvarez and other colleagues that they do not need to fast-track the process because federalism has yet to be explained fully to the Filipino people who ultimately will pass judgment on it.
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