December 12, 2017, 1:04 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07278 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01684 Euro
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01479 Falkland Islands Pound
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.60852 Nicaragua Cordoba
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.04432 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02898 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Panama Balboa
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1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 111.87314 Paraguayan Guarani
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1 Philippine Peso = 1.17163 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.55857 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07433 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15331 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26983 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13201 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16747 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0268 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0148 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44016 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 151.23885 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08028 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 412.8087 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17344 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20773 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27056 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64618 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04946 Tunisian Dinar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07598 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13358 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59489 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.28147 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53697 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.63528 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57542 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.35679 Uzbekistan Sum
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1 Philippine Peso = 450.12883 Vietnam Dong
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.05137 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.04004 CFA Franc (BEAC)
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1 Philippine Peso = 11.53221 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00932 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.95441 Yemen Riyal
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ASEAN COC framework affirms Duterte’s policy shift in PH dealing with China

The Philippine’s major shift in foreign policy which is to talk with China bilaterally on the territorial dispute over Scarborough shoal has gotten affirmation from ASEAN with the adoption of the Framework of the Code of Conduct for the South China Sea which was finalized last August by the foreign ministers of the 10-country ASEAN and China.

“We discussed the matters relating to the South China Sea and took note of the improving relations between ASEAN and China and, in this regard, are encouraged by the adoption of the framework of the Code of Conduct for the South China Sea (COC), which will facilitate the work and negotiation for the conclusion of a substantive and effective COC,” this year’s ASEAN chair, Pres. Duterte, said in a statement released two days after the end of the 31st ASEAN summit and other Related Summits Tuesday last week.

The Framework outlines the preamble and general provisions, the principles, basic undertakings and final clauses that will constitute the code.

The objectives of the code are to establish a rules-based framework containing a set of norms to guide the conduct of parties and promote maritime cooperation in the South China Sea; to promote mutual trust, cooperation and confidence, prevent incidents, manage incidents should they occur, and create a favorable environment for the peaceful settlement of the disputes; and to ensure maritime security and safety and freedom of navigation and over-flight.

The basic undertakings of the code based on the agreed framework will include the duty to cooperate, promotion of practical maritime cooperation, self - restraint or promotion of trust and confidence, prevention of incidents through Confidence building measures and Hotlines, and the management of incidents through establishment of hotlines.

Next year’s ASEAN chair, Singapore, will oversee the negotiations on the substance of the COC. The first meeting will be early next year in Vietnam during the 23rd ASEAN-China Joint Working Group Meeting on the Implementation of the 2002 Declaration on the Code of Conduct in the South China Sea.

Last August, after it was announced that they agreed on the Framework of the COC for South China Sea, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi said it will not cover bilaterally disputed areas.

That means the COC on SCS will cover only the areas in the Spratlys claimed wholly by China and partly by the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. Taiwan’s coverage of the claim is the same as China’s.

That means also that talks on Scarborough shoal – Chinese name is Huangyan Dao. Philippine name is Bajo de Masinloc and Panatag shoal – which is only 124 nautical miles from the shoes of Zambales in Central Luzon, will only be between China and the Philippines because no other ASEAN countries claim the shoal.

Senior Associate Justice Antonio T. Carpio, an expert on the South China Sea conflict, in a statement, said another area of conflict between the Philippines and China is the overlapping maritime claims in the West Philippine Sea outside the waters surrounding the Spratlys and Scarborough Shoal.

Carpio said other bilaterally-disputed areas in the South China Sea are the territorial claims over the Paracels between China and Vietnam; overlapping maritime claims involving China and Brunei; and the overlapping maritime claims over the northern portion of the waters surrounding Natuna Islands involving China and Indonesia;

The previous administration of Benigno Aquino III had tried hard to involve the whole ASEAN in the Scarborough dispute insisting for a multilateral approach without much success.

The position of Foreign Affairs officials then was that in a bilateral negotiation, the Philippines is no match China with its economic and military might. Retired Ambassador Lauro Baja, Jr. however, disagrees saying in the negotiation table, both parties are equal. It depends on the quality of a country’s negotiator, he said.

The Philippines brought the issue of China’s all-encompassing nine-dash line map to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague and won almost all of the issues raised.

Carpio said “The Arbitral Award resolved only the maritime dispute between China and the Philippines. The Award is binding only between China and the Philippines, although the arbitral award, as a decision of an international tribunal, is one of the sources of international law that can be invoked by other coastal states in a separate arbitration against China.”

He added: “A bilateral negotiation between China and the Philippines on the enforcement of the Arbitral Award will be a logical step as the Award is binding only between China and the Philippines. However, this will not resolve the territorial dispute between China and the Philippines. Neither will it resolve the multilateral disputes involving China, the Philippines and other states. Nevertheless, any bilateral negotiation between China and the Philippines on the enforcement of the Arbitral Award is a positive development.”

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