April 20, 2018, 2:44 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07053 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99923 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38677 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02467 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03841 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59228 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03034 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00724 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62742 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02503 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13175 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06526 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26032 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18403 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.48243 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02421 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01858 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.41406 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12052 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.12791 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7778 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71039 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39282 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39601 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11551 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94891 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1798 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24262 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33916 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52276 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01551 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03865 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08525 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89975 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.80584 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14089 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.95007 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15072 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45249 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11491 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24505 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.8093 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.60534 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06739 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26727 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.73862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 806.60649 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91031 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37565 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01361 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06171 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92145 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32194 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.97331 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.61206 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.28442 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.40042 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01575 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25043 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.93989 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.9034 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99693 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50451 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22892 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05855 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01192 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02543 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17577 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31452 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94968 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.52333 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.86134 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15521 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76013 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64144 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29902 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.70175 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35007 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07459 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22915 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.87536 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59554 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14884 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01652 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02629 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00739 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06176 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21836 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06459 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.04187 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0699 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16816 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.22066 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14768 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25792 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34667 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.161 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02513 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42646 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.53351 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79316 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 380.06338 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16804 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.89015 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22917 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.599 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04602 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04292 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07736 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12961 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56365 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7488 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50259 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.84694 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54158 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.65719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1139.831 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 437.43038 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00538 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05185 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.83983 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79931 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2292 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.66391 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.95026 Zimbabwe dollar

Barbaric fraternities

ON the death of Marvin Reglos, law freshman of San Beda, where are those guilty Lambda Rho Beta today? On the deaths of Nor Silongan, 16, criminology student at Notre Dame of Tacurong College, Noel Borja, Alternative Learning Systems student, Chester Paulo Abracia, sophomore marine technology student, Enverga U, Lucena, where are their killer-fratmen of Tau Gamma Phi today? 

On the death of Menardo Clamucha, second year criminology student of U.Iloilo, and Dan Robert Talibutab, St. Therese College, Iloilo, where are their killers from the frat Fraternity of Young Criminologists?

On the death of EJ Intia of U.Makati, with those Alpha Phi Omega fratmen involved, where are these masters today? 

On the death of Dennis Victorina of UP, where are the involved Sigma Rhoans today? 

On the death of Guillo Cesar Servando of St. Benilde, where are the Tau Gamma Phi fratmen involved? On the death of Marc Andre Marcos of San Beda, where are the Lex Leonum fratmen involved today? 

On the death of John Daniel Samparanda, Lyceum Cavite, where are those Tau Gamma Phi fratmasters today? 

On the death of Elvin Sinaluan, 21, where are those Scout Royal Brotherhood killers today?

On the death of Karl Anthony Gaudicos, 18, engineering student, Holy Cross Davao College, where are the Tau Gamma Phi and Tau Gamma Sigma masters today? 

On the death of Cris Anthony Mendez, UP student dead during a mauling, where Sigma Rhoans deny knowledge of the mauling? 

On the death of Jan Angelo Dollete of Capiz, where are his Alpha Phi Omega killers today? 

On the death of Clark Anson Silverio, UP mechanical engineering student, where today are his Tau Gamma Phi masters? 

On the death of Marlon Villanueva, AgEcon of UPLB, a conspiracy to keep secret the name of a brutal frat? 

On the death of Mark Welson Chua, UST killed by fellow students for whistle-blowing on corruption or victim of hazing, whose conspiracy to murk the case?

On the death of Rafael Root Albano III, medical student FEU, Laguna in a conspiracy, where are the involved Sigma Mu frat members today? 

On the death of Fernando Balidoy, 18, in a hazing; where are those upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy today? On Monico de Guzman, Edward Domingo, Ace Bernabe Ekid, PMA plebes, where are their mistahs today who allowed these plebes to be maltreated inhumanely to destruction? On the death of Emerson Berry Jr, Casanayan HS, where are those of the Beta Sigma Rho who killed him in Capiz? 

On the death of John Mark Dugan, 19, marine cadet, where today are his masters who killed him during hazing? 

It was most common, from the 1960s to the 80s, for brutish fratmen to barge into a classroom, or wait at a school corridor in between classes to lure their prey. And during serious frat wars, never mind if a wayward bullet hit a bystander, or their skirmish knocked down a faculty member, as happened to me on the UPLB footpath, or the ensuing chase to kill injured many other bystanders.

San Beda law student Marc Andrei Marcos, 21: The Lex Leonum Fraternitas hazing was conducted all day Sunday by masters and members. Marcos, subjected to this hazing, was taken then left alone at a hospital emergency without vital signs; zero heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory, with several cardiac arrests caused by mauling. Marcos died the next day. 

Police filed murder charges against 37 people. Judge Perla C. Faller of Cavite Regional Trial Court Branch 90 ordered the arrest of 10: Jenno Antonio Villanueva, Glenn Meduen, Emmanuel Jefferson Santiago, Richard Rosales, Mohamad Fyzee Alim, Chino Daniel Amante, Julius Alcancia, Edrich Gomez, Dester Circa, Gian Angelo Veluz—all members of Lex Leonum Fraternitas; plus Veluz’ parents, Angelito Veluz and Violeta Veluz who owned the farm in Dasmarinas City where the hazing took place. A year later, Judge Faller: “The Court hold that there exists no probable cause for the issuance of warrants of arrest of all the accused…. Dismissed for lack of corroborative evidence. No one was to blame for the death of Marc Andrei Marcos….” For this misjudgment, Judge Faller was dismissed, sacked by the Supreme Court. 

Supreme Court justices condemn fraternity violence. Justice Marvic Leonen: “The culture of impunity must stop. There is no space in this society for hooliganism disguised as fraternity rumbles. The perpetrator must stand and suffer the legal consequences of their actions. They must do so for there is an individual now lies dead, robbed of his dreams and the dreams of his family. Excruciating grief for them will never be enough. Fraternity rumbles are an anathema, an immature and useless expenditure of testosterone. It fosters a culture that retards manhood. It is devoid of ‘giting at dangal’ (valor and honor), words in the UP Anthem. This kind of shameful violence must stop.”

The next freshman to die from maltreatment and brutality of fraternity masters may be your son or grandson. Or some young man you know who does not deserve to be beaten to death by imaginary brothers. Warn your young boys early and seriously.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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