April 20, 2018, 3:12 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07053 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99923 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38677 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02467 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03841 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59228 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03034 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00724 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62742 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02503 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13175 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06526 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26032 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18403 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.48243 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02421 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01858 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.41406 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12052 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.12791 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7778 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71039 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39282 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39601 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11551 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94891 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1798 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24262 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33916 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52276 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01551 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03865 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08525 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89975 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.80584 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14089 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.95007 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15072 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45249 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11491 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24505 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.8093 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.60534 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06739 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26727 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.73862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 806.60649 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91031 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37565 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01361 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06171 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92145 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32194 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.97331 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.61206 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.28442 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.40042 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01575 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25043 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.93989 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.9034 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99693 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50451 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22892 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05855 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01192 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02543 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17577 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31452 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94968 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.52333 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.86134 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15521 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76013 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64144 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29902 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.70175 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35007 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07459 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22915 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.87536 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59554 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14884 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01652 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02629 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00739 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06176 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21836 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06459 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.04187 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0699 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16816 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.22066 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14768 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25792 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34667 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.161 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02513 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42646 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.53351 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79316 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 380.06338 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16804 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.89015 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22917 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.599 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04602 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04292 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07736 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12961 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56365 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7488 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50259 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.84694 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54158 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.65719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1139.831 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 437.43038 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00538 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05185 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.83983 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79931 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2292 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.66391 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.95026 Zimbabwe dollar

Barbaric fraternities (3)

SCHOOL rectors, presidents, chancellors tolerate these frat killing-rituals. Judges, most beholden to and belonging to frats, prefer to dismiss hazing death cases. The anti-hazing law has two glaring loopholes: 1) “Requires authority/permission from school OR... from fraternity masters” (who are the instigators of the hazing.... OR? Like assigning wolves to supervise the hen house). Why not AND? 2) Hazing only outside school. So, fratmen do it in distant secluded private farms where they can kill in secret. Two hundred plus lawmakers overlooked, missed these loopholes in this anti-hazing law.

And it was most common, especially from the 1960s to the 80s, for brutish fratmen to barge into a classroom, or wait at a corridor in between classes to lure their prey, as the unfortunate Horacio “Atio” Castillo was lured to join Aegis Juris. No idea that those brods were vicious enough to kill him. If Atio had survived, he will next find himself at serious frat wars, chasing and attacking enemy frats with metal tubes and bullets. Never mind that their skirmish injure bystanders or knocked down a faculty member as happened to me on the UPLB walkpath.

Alpha Phi Omega was created in 1925, making VP Jejomar Binay probably the oldest member of this fraternity. The APO president announced: 

“Death cases due to hazing during initiation rites is not known, claiming there were no official tracking of the victims. Hazing victims and the ‘hazers’ would definitely not admit the wrongdoing which doctors may not recognize their case as hazing.... There is no difference between hazing and non-hazing practice to check the commitment and loyalty of our new members. It is not through hazing that we contemplate to the upcoming new members. They will undergo a series of programs to determine their dedication.” This is the established Mission and Vision of APO? It it is too convoluted to understand, too vague as mission and vision, and too far removed from what we see is the practice of the Alpha Phi Omega.

Remember that the body of EJ Karl Intia, 19, a UMakati student was retrieved from a ravine before being identified by his father. With bruises concentrated in the legs, he was probably dead before he was transported and dumped down that 30 meter-deep hole. Four members of the APO fraternity surrendered to the Makati Police. Fifteen people were present during the hazing rites in Barangay San Antonio in Makati.

Years back, only four out of 10 APO chapters had adopted the no-hazing policy, the rest of APO chapters totally ignore Alpha Phi Omega Mission and Vision not to kill its recruits. Where are those participants at the killing of EJ Karl Intia?

Most campus administrators of universities claim ignorance of frat pagan cult killing tradition. School rectors, presidents, chancellors continue to call these beat-to-the-death rituals “initiation.” Most judges’ loyalty is not to dead neophites but to frats. The guilty’s wealthy parents bribe and pay their way out of prosecution and notoriety. 

“Time and time again, we have pushed for the review of this anti-hazing law. To our disappointment, the Congressional leadership has failed to conduct such review.”—Kabataan Party List Representative. The Anti-Hazing law is a misnomer, since this law does not even prohibit hazing, as long as it is done outside the school premises. Consequently, such acts of violence goes on at some secluded family farm.

“Not Guilty! Case Dismissed!” Which is why of the dozens, if not hundreds of dead neophites from hazing, only one single solitary conviction by a court. The rest are cases still fermenting in courts 10 years later, or very quietly bailed or bribed closed. Only in the Philippines!

Two decades after the crime, the Supreme Court confirmed, sustained a lower court life imprisonment for attempted (?) murder on five Sigma Rhoans on the death of Dennis Victorina. Were are they now?

Two years ago, members of the Tau Gamma Phi (TGP) including one sick with stage 2 cancer—surrendered to authorities to tell what they knew about the hazing death of Guillo Cesar Servando of De la Salle’s St. Benilde. The caretaker was considered a suspect too after he was identified by the surviving neophytes as the participant who fed them chili and chocolates and made them sniff ammonia to keep them from passing out during their ordeal. Frat criminals immediately are granted visas to... where else, the USA. Were they tracked down to return? Not likely. They lived happily in the USA ever after. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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