February 22, 2018, 5:04 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07045 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04297 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38059 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02443 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59409 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0304 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58872 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02533 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13159 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06235 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2325 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18295 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.03989 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.018 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.42605 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12152 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.88202 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.87186 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71801 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39493 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3921 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11601 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94226 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17652 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24369 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33858 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52177 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01557 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03825 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01371 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01377 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08533 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89967 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.74122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14073 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9296 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15011 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45024 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11584 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.216 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85824 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.23153 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24329 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.71245 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 713.12103 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9248 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40936 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0619 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9413 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3061 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.09572 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.62709 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26453 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.55496 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12565 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.52676 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.96605 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97621 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45904 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22463 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05848 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17647 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31853 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95396 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.47477 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.90946 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15451 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71398 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62536 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29868 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.76098 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35911 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07494 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22327 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88663 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59477 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15035 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98703 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02611 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06229 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0629 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11989 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06472 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.82716 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06982 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07256 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0862 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.12737 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07193 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14866 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2582 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15536 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01372 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42597 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.36485 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.78074 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 381.75523 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16785 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87876 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60368 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04586 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0428 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07262 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12717 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.06541 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51746 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.67197 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.62766 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 478.3426 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.71839 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98465 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04817 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05179 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85248 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79474 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.5492 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94226 Zimbabwe dollar

Bonifacio versus Mindanao pirates

THAT’S the Philippine warship “BRP Andres Bonifacio” safeguarding the maritime Rizalian Republic from rapacious Moorish criminals infesting the southern waters. In fact, last Yuletide, this Filipino frigate was expected by Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana to patrol Sulu waters and help other naval units in curbing kidnapping and piracy in the country’s southern border.

Lorenzana: “This ship will certainly be a valuable platform in the pursuit of the constitutional mandate of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, this will strengthen the Philippine Navy capabilities in raising the country’s security concerns, in the protection of our territorial integrity and maritime interest.” [Philippines News Agency, “BRP Andres Bonifacio to help rid Sulu waters of piracy, kidnapping threats,” 11 Dec 2016]

A crime-free Sulu Sea. Add that to your Christmas wish list. Defense Secretary Lorenzana had also said: “The acquisition of this sea platform will help propel the PN Sail Plan 2020...Our maritime territory is 20 times bigger than our land mass so it is just right that we go into a program to upgrade our Navy.” The Hamilton-class cutter is supposed to have a cruising range of 14,000 miles and a sea-and-loiter time of 45 days. [Philippines News Agency, “Arrival of BRP Andres Bonifacio, a symbol of PHL commitment to modernize its military,” 09 Dec 2016]

The BRP Andres Bonifacio (the third Gregorio del Pilar-class frigate to be commissioned by the Philippine Navy) had also flown the Flag further south in this year’s tropical summer. The seacraft’s participation in the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition ‘17 and the maritime exercises at the Royal Malaysian Naval base in Lumut, Perak is a manifestation of the Philippine Navy’s “commitment to promote harmonious relations between and among countries,” according to Commodore Albert A. Mogol [Philippines News Agency, “BRP Andres Bonifacio’s Kuala Lumpur visit highlights PHL-Malaysia partnership,” 03 April 2017]

The Filipino frigate is named after the Pangulo of the Republika ng Haringbayang Katagalugan. Gat Andres (who was captioned the “titulado (Presidente) de la Republica Tagala” in the February 8, 1897 edition of “La Ilustration Espana y America,” a Spanish periodical) ought to be recognized as the country’s first president, according to a Manila City Council resolution circa November 2013. Bonifacio founded the first national government of the Philippines and served as its president from August 24, 1896 until his murder on May 10, 1897, according to Councilman John Marvin “Yul Servo” Nieto, citing historians Milagros C. Guerrero, Emmanuel Encarnacion and Ramon N. Villegas. Bonifacio, moreover, had been declared by the Manila city council as the true father of the Filipino nation and founder of Philippine democracy. [McClatchy-Tribune Business News, Washington, 30 November 2013]

Just like the national capital, the Pampanga city of San Fernando had honored President Bonifacio, with Police Chief Inspector Andrea Bonifacio, reportedly a direct descendant of the hero, declaring, “What is important is how can we show our love for the motherland.” [Philippines News Agency, 30 November 2015]

Back in Manila, a legitimate progeny, Attorney Gregorio “Gary” Bonifacio, great-grandson of Procopio (a brother of President Andres B.) had told citizens gathered for the wreath-laying ceremony at the Bonifacio Shrine: “The Bonifacio family is thankful to the entire Filipino nation in commemorating the 152nd birthday of Gat Andres Bonifacio, but more than this event, we must accept his challenge to enrich our motherland by applying and embracing his spirit and aspirations for the country.”

“Voters should bring back the politics that is based on principles and dignity, as practiced by the Katipunan leaders.” [“Bring back ‘principled’ politics – Bonifacio kin,” TCA Regional News, Chicago, 01 Dec 2015]

Another descendant (and namesake), Andres Bonifacio, had run for the post of barangay councilman in Valenzuela City, garnering 2,000 votes, with a no-nonsense platform of environmental protection and an anti-crime advocacy. [Philippines News Agency, 05 November 2010]

President Bonifacio’s original platform was the Katipunan Kartilya, a code of ethics and a clarion call for self-actualization. “For Bonifacio’s Katipunan, self-determination began at home, with the family, whose apparatus of reason and enlightenment did not need to understand the politics of sovereign nations or the inter-state system of global capitalism in order to see clearly that a promise had been broken, and that no state of colonial exception could explain or legitimate the brutalisation of people by an intolerable exercise of sovereignty.” [“The blood compact: international law and the state of exception in the 1896 Filipino revolution and the US takeover of the Philippines,” Postcolonial Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2004, pp. 27–48]

Bonifacio (“the other great leader of 19th-century Philippine anti-colonial resistance,” according to David Haekwon Kim, “Empire’s entrails and the imperial geography of ‘Amerasia’,” City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action, 8:1, April 2004, p. 70) is honored today (30 November 2017) with a Philippine national holiday. But Bonifacio had always been highly regarded by non-Filipino Austronesians in the BIMP-EAGA portion of Asean.

“Tan Melaka put both the ‘national hero’ Jose Rizal and the ‘Father of the Philippine Revolution’ Andres Bonifacio into his Garden of Humanity, and upheld their names on the peak of one garden called ‘Greater Indonesia’ to emphasize the significance of their thoughts. Interestingly, Tan Melaka classified Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio as ‘pure Indonesians.’ According to Ramon Guillermo’s analysis, this shows that Tan Melaka saw Malaya, Indonesia and the Philippines as one nation based on the same race.” [Ngoi Guat Peng (translated by TEO Jia Jia and SHOW Ying Xin), “Editorial introduction: the pluralistic thoughts and imagined boundaries in Nusantara,” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 18:3, 2017, pp. 313-316]

Bonifacio’s legacy is shared by Filipinos with their Indonesian siblings. “Andres Bonifacio, a young working class from Tondo, served as a propagandist and organizer for the Liga Filipina formed by Rizal before Rizal was deported to Dapitan in 1896. His favourite books were Eugene Sue’s ‘Wandering Jew’ and the ‘Ruins of Palmyra.’ He preferred El Filibusterismo to Noli and loved to talk about the French Revolution. As a grown man, Andres Bonifacio had read numerous ‘protest literature’ to inspire him for the revolution.” [Ubonrat Siriyuvasak, “People’s media and communication rights in Indonesia and the Philippines,” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 6:2, 2005, pp. 245-263]
Bonifacio lives; smash Han hegemonism, Moorish criminality.
Rating: 
Average: 4.2 (5 votes)

Column of the Day

Light in the darkest hour

By BERNARD KARGANILLA | February 22,2018
‘Sic semper tyrannis.’

Opinion of the Day

Self-induced cancer

By Philip Chua | February 22, 2018
‘At least 250 Filipinos die each day from smoking-related illnesses, cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic diseases, and cancers, especially lung cancers.’