December 11, 2017, 7:25 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07278 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24757 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03528 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3421 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02639 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03528 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03964 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63231 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03302 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00747 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.69217 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02679 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13598 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06524 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27948 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20552 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 396.82854 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0396 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0255 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.99108 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13122 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 59.62339 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.156 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85788 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43044 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.50505 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12534 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94034 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28612 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26346 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35183 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53538 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01684 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04147 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01479 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01479 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08907 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93459 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 178.43409 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14546 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.01804 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1547 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46587 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12671 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24044 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.28662 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.48364 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06983 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27788 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.46878 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 701.16946 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06938 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47374 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01402 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24961 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04063 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38206 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.68285 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.28543 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.83944 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.63231 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00598 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01625 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.6333 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.81665 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.84143 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03469 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47968 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27056 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06043 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0123 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02704 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18759 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34103 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.03171 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.9772 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.22597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15934 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.97721 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.67096 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30426 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.14153 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37538 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08101 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27055 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.11596 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60852 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16439 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04432 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02898 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06409 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06435 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09514 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.87314 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07216 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07797 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17163 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.55857 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07433 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15331 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26983 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13201 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16747 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0268 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0148 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44016 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 151.23885 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08028 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 412.8087 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17344 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20773 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27056 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64618 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04946 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04551 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07598 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13358 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59489 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.28147 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53697 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.63528 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57542 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.35679 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19772 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 450.12883 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12071 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05137 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.04004 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05352 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.53221 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00932 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.95441 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27055 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.86422 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.17344 Zimbabwe dollar

Bonifacio versus Mindanao pirates

THAT’S the Philippine warship “BRP Andres Bonifacio” safeguarding the maritime Rizalian Republic from rapacious Moorish criminals infesting the southern waters. In fact, last Yuletide, this Filipino frigate was expected by Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana to patrol Sulu waters and help other naval units in curbing kidnapping and piracy in the country’s southern border.

Lorenzana: “This ship will certainly be a valuable platform in the pursuit of the constitutional mandate of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, this will strengthen the Philippine Navy capabilities in raising the country’s security concerns, in the protection of our territorial integrity and maritime interest.” [Philippines News Agency, “BRP Andres Bonifacio to help rid Sulu waters of piracy, kidnapping threats,” 11 Dec 2016]

A crime-free Sulu Sea. Add that to your Christmas wish list. Defense Secretary Lorenzana had also said: “The acquisition of this sea platform will help propel the PN Sail Plan 2020...Our maritime territory is 20 times bigger than our land mass so it is just right that we go into a program to upgrade our Navy.” The Hamilton-class cutter is supposed to have a cruising range of 14,000 miles and a sea-and-loiter time of 45 days. [Philippines News Agency, “Arrival of BRP Andres Bonifacio, a symbol of PHL commitment to modernize its military,” 09 Dec 2016]

The BRP Andres Bonifacio (the third Gregorio del Pilar-class frigate to be commissioned by the Philippine Navy) had also flown the Flag further south in this year’s tropical summer. The seacraft’s participation in the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition ‘17 and the maritime exercises at the Royal Malaysian Naval base in Lumut, Perak is a manifestation of the Philippine Navy’s “commitment to promote harmonious relations between and among countries,” according to Commodore Albert A. Mogol [Philippines News Agency, “BRP Andres Bonifacio’s Kuala Lumpur visit highlights PHL-Malaysia partnership,” 03 April 2017]

The Filipino frigate is named after the Pangulo of the Republika ng Haringbayang Katagalugan. Gat Andres (who was captioned the “titulado (Presidente) de la Republica Tagala” in the February 8, 1897 edition of “La Ilustration Espana y America,” a Spanish periodical) ought to be recognized as the country’s first president, according to a Manila City Council resolution circa November 2013. Bonifacio founded the first national government of the Philippines and served as its president from August 24, 1896 until his murder on May 10, 1897, according to Councilman John Marvin “Yul Servo” Nieto, citing historians Milagros C. Guerrero, Emmanuel Encarnacion and Ramon N. Villegas. Bonifacio, moreover, had been declared by the Manila city council as the true father of the Filipino nation and founder of Philippine democracy. [McClatchy-Tribune Business News, Washington, 30 November 2013]

Just like the national capital, the Pampanga city of San Fernando had honored President Bonifacio, with Police Chief Inspector Andrea Bonifacio, reportedly a direct descendant of the hero, declaring, “What is important is how can we show our love for the motherland.” [Philippines News Agency, 30 November 2015]

Back in Manila, a legitimate progeny, Attorney Gregorio “Gary” Bonifacio, great-grandson of Procopio (a brother of President Andres B.) had told citizens gathered for the wreath-laying ceremony at the Bonifacio Shrine: “The Bonifacio family is thankful to the entire Filipino nation in commemorating the 152nd birthday of Gat Andres Bonifacio, but more than this event, we must accept his challenge to enrich our motherland by applying and embracing his spirit and aspirations for the country.”

“Voters should bring back the politics that is based on principles and dignity, as practiced by the Katipunan leaders.” [“Bring back ‘principled’ politics – Bonifacio kin,” TCA Regional News, Chicago, 01 Dec 2015]

Another descendant (and namesake), Andres Bonifacio, had run for the post of barangay councilman in Valenzuela City, garnering 2,000 votes, with a no-nonsense platform of environmental protection and an anti-crime advocacy. [Philippines News Agency, 05 November 2010]

President Bonifacio’s original platform was the Katipunan Kartilya, a code of ethics and a clarion call for self-actualization. “For Bonifacio’s Katipunan, self-determination began at home, with the family, whose apparatus of reason and enlightenment did not need to understand the politics of sovereign nations or the inter-state system of global capitalism in order to see clearly that a promise had been broken, and that no state of colonial exception could explain or legitimate the brutalisation of people by an intolerable exercise of sovereignty.” [“The blood compact: international law and the state of exception in the 1896 Filipino revolution and the US takeover of the Philippines,” Postcolonial Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2004, pp. 27–48]

Bonifacio (“the other great leader of 19th-century Philippine anti-colonial resistance,” according to David Haekwon Kim, “Empire’s entrails and the imperial geography of ‘Amerasia’,” City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action, 8:1, April 2004, p. 70) is honored today (30 November 2017) with a Philippine national holiday. But Bonifacio had always been highly regarded by non-Filipino Austronesians in the BIMP-EAGA portion of Asean.

“Tan Melaka put both the ‘national hero’ Jose Rizal and the ‘Father of the Philippine Revolution’ Andres Bonifacio into his Garden of Humanity, and upheld their names on the peak of one garden called ‘Greater Indonesia’ to emphasize the significance of their thoughts. Interestingly, Tan Melaka classified Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio as ‘pure Indonesians.’ According to Ramon Guillermo’s analysis, this shows that Tan Melaka saw Malaya, Indonesia and the Philippines as one nation based on the same race.” [Ngoi Guat Peng (translated by TEO Jia Jia and SHOW Ying Xin), “Editorial introduction: the pluralistic thoughts and imagined boundaries in Nusantara,” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 18:3, 2017, pp. 313-316]

Bonifacio’s legacy is shared by Filipinos with their Indonesian siblings. “Andres Bonifacio, a young working class from Tondo, served as a propagandist and organizer for the Liga Filipina formed by Rizal before Rizal was deported to Dapitan in 1896. His favourite books were Eugene Sue’s ‘Wandering Jew’ and the ‘Ruins of Palmyra.’ He preferred El Filibusterismo to Noli and loved to talk about the French Revolution. As a grown man, Andres Bonifacio had read numerous ‘protest literature’ to inspire him for the revolution.” [Ubonrat Siriyuvasak, “People’s media and communication rights in Indonesia and the Philippines,” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 6:2, 2005, pp. 245-263]
Bonifacio lives; smash Han hegemonism, Moorish criminality.
Rating: 
Average: 5 (4 votes)