April 21, 2018, 6:26 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07053 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99923 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38677 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02467 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03841 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59228 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03034 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00724 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62742 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02503 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13175 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06526 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26032 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18403 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.48243 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02421 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01858 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.41406 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12052 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.12791 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7778 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71039 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39282 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39601 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11551 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94891 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1798 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24262 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33916 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52276 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01551 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03865 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08525 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89975 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.80584 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14089 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.95007 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15072 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45249 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11491 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24505 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.8093 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.60534 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06739 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26727 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.73862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 806.60649 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91031 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37565 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01361 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06171 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92145 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32194 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.97331 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.61206 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.28442 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.40042 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01575 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25043 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.93989 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.9034 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99693 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50451 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22892 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05855 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01192 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02543 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17577 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31452 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94968 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.52333 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.86134 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15521 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76013 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64144 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29902 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.70175 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35007 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07459 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22915 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.87536 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59554 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14884 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01652 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02629 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00739 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06176 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21836 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06459 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.04187 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0699 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16816 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.22066 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14768 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25792 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34667 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.161 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02513 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42646 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.53351 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79316 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 380.06338 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16804 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.89015 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22917 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.599 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04602 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04292 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07736 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12961 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56365 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7488 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50259 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.84694 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54158 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.65719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1139.831 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 437.43038 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00538 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05185 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.83983 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79931 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2292 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.66391 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.95026 Zimbabwe dollar

But can you find love?

PROBABLY not in Japan’s “comfort facilities,” belonging to the Recreation and Amusement Association which were bars, dance halls, restaurants, brothels and nightclubs run by water-traders and other businessmen at the behest of the Home Ministry, prefectural governors and local police chiefs for the pleasure of Allied occupation troops in the immediate postwar period.

The Japanese gambit, decided as early August 21, 1945, of shoehorning 20,000 patriotic Okichis into slaving for the “Special Comfort Facilities Association” (Tokushu Ian Shisetsu Kyōkai), tricked the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, thus, preserving Hirohito’s oligarchic Yamato patriarchy.

Did any of the 350,000 US troops in Japan find love in Komachi Garden? Who knows? Less than 60 years later, “Meteor Garden” would bowl over thousands of Taiwanese, Filipino, Thai, Indonesian and Hong Kong fans of tele-drama. The TV show “Liúxing Huayuán” was, of course, simply a live-action Taiwanese take on Yoko Kamio’s best-selling Japanese shōjo manga series called “Boys Over Flowers,” which in turn became the TBS drama series of Hana Yori Dango. 

How many Northeast and Southeast Asians fell for Ms. Mao Inoue’s rendition of the plucky Makino Tsukushi and the small-screen playboy-characters Domyouji Tsukasa, Hanazawa Rui, Nishikado Soujiro and Mimasaka Akira? Batches of young and mature female Asians continue to be entranced with the dramedy of Makino’s entanglement with the ruling princelings of the preppy Eitoku Academy. They have fueled the creation of “Hana Yori Dango Returns” and “Hana Yori Dango Final” as well as “Hana Nochi Hare” (HanaDan Next Season) with their infatuation over the elitist F4 and admiration for Makino. The uber-wealthy Flower Four (stand-in for the zaibatzus Mitsui, Mitsubishi, and Sumitomo as well as the Yakuza?) were even succeeded by the Correct 5 as the next bully-clique. 

In Episode 8 of the original Hana Yori Dango TV series, Makino joined the Teen of Japan competition to win money for her father’s debt. Thus solidifying the niche of the fictional feisty teenager as a role model for the bubblegum stratum and coeds? But have the starry-eyes wandered upon the historical examples of Sada Abe or Fumiko Kaneko?

Ms. Abe (who had a sister punished for sexual promiscuity by being sent by her own father to work in a brothel and was herself sold by her own parents to a geisha house for behaving as an uncontrollable teenager) was the center of the “Go Ichi-Hachi” Incident. Her crime of murdering and mutilating her lover out of jealousy and/or love symbolized the “ero-guro-nansensu” trend in the Japanese spring of 1936.

Her prison sentence was commuted on the occasion of the 2,600th anniversary of Jimmu Tenno’s ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne. She was released from jail seven months before the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.

Like Sada Abe, Fumiko Kaneko was imprisoned for her beliefs, personified the “dokufu” stereotype and was nearly sold by her own mother to a brothel due to extreme poverty. Unlike Abe, Ms. Kaneko had a shortened life, having killed herself 10 years before the Go Ichi-Hachi Incident.

Kaneko’s affair and marriage to the Korean activist Pak Yeol and Abe’s long life are different points along the spectrum of love, Japanese-style. Do they also channel “joshiryoku” (“feminine power”)? The Japanese women do enjoy their freedom to cosplay or to wear high heels on a normal milk run to the neighborhood grocery store. And though they are expected to gift their male cohorts with “giri choco” (obligatory chocolate) on Valentine’s Day, they get it back on White Day.

Be that as it may, the homeland of samurais and ninjas as well as “otakus” and “hikkikomoris” has also spawned the Kakuhido, which has been campaigning for a decade now against the “passion-based capitalism” of Valentine’s Day 

Politically-correct or not, the crusaders against Japanese “love capitalism” are harmless compared to the operators of the Japanese wartime military sexual slavery system that led to comfort women. Pathetic
or not, the Kakuhido activists are non-toxic compared to the perpetrators of the Bataan Death March, Rape of Mapanique, Lipa Massacre and Rape of Manila.

The “joshi kosei” (high school girls), who in the 1990s may or may not have sold their used and unwashed gym shorts to merchants at “buru-sera” shops, can be huge fans of Julia of the Cowboy Bebop series.

But have they been taught about the tragedies and war crimes wrought by the Tojo regime during World War II?

Some of these joshi kōsei grow up to become the “housewives who control Japan’s future,” thus lamented by Katsuhiro Furusawa, Takayuki Akimoto and the rest of the Kakuhido. 

The “Smash Valentine’s Day” banner-men of Japan and the joshi kōsei who trade their school uniforms for yen may sound chucklesome, as reported in the press, both Japanese and international. Yet the world may prefer them to the Schutzstaffel who operated the Lagerbordell in the Third Reich or the Aufseherin in Nazi Germany.

Better the tomboyish Makoto and her love-interest Chiaki (The Girl Who Leapt Through Time) than actual women kidnapped in German “łapanka” or “rafle” then brought to the Soldatenbordell in Axis-occupied Europe or the victims of the fictional “Love Camp 7” and the real Buchenwald concentration camp. Sada Abe versus The Witch of Buchenwald.

Fumiko Kaneko versus Fraulein Devil (a.k.a. Elsa: Fraulein SS), Dr. Ellen Kratsch (La Bestia in Calore), and Helga, She Wolf of Stilberg. The ‘Babe Garden’ of the Recreation and Amusement Association versus the Salon Kitty of the Nazi Sicherheitsdienst. 

The violent and bratty Jun Matsumoto as Domyouji Tsukasa versus Colonel Von Kleiben of the Lager SSadis Kastrat Kommandantur.

So, can you find love? Where? In Italy: “Roman Holiday” (Paramount Pictures, 1953)
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

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