July 25, 2017, 10:39 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07443 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4017 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03628 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32436 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02723 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03626 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04054 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63579 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03534 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.60377 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13904 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06579 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30624 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20692 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 405.75598 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04049 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02733 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01952 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.57175 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13799 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.59343 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.43535 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98075 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47231 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.59951 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13357 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95278 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19181 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28109 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36583 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46433 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01797 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04244 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01572 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08685 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91021 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.75233 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1491 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.14512 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15784 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47422 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13229 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24625 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.54195 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.57844 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07211 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30521 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.93595 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 657.62059 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9771 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.6139 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23666 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0906 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38113 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.57681 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.12404 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.24078 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.6366 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00614 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01662 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.364 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 166.08836 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.51277 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.08877 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84435 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25922 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06179 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01258 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02821 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19642 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36735 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.09972 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.52331 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27726 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16258 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.25578 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70024 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31394 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.54094 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37863 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08672 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52615 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59972 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17055 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08654 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00779 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06622 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06654 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11897 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.82935 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0738 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08196 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14766 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.61897 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.076 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16004 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26836 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13498 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17451 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45006 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 152.00649 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08634 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 435.85326 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17678 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.43737 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26014 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6897 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04917 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04647 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0711 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61011 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 45.17633 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53223 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.78071 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57377 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 77.82732 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20216 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 459.54601 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18241 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05201 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77483 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05472 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.82205 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13174 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.06546 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25921 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 105.17835 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.33482 Zimbabwe dollar

But can you find love?

PROBABLY not in Japan’s “comfort facilities,” belonging to the Recreation and Amusement Association which were bars, dance halls, restaurants, brothels and nightclubs run by water-traders and other businessmen at the behest of the Home Ministry, prefectural governors and local police chiefs for the pleasure of Allied occupation troops in the immediate postwar period.

The Japanese gambit, decided as early August 21, 1945, of shoehorning 20,000 patriotic Okichis into slaving for the “Special Comfort Facilities Association” (Tokushu Ian Shisetsu Kyōkai), tricked the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, thus, preserving Hirohito’s oligarchic Yamato patriarchy.

Did any of the 350,000 US troops in Japan find love in Komachi Garden? Who knows? Less than 60 years later, “Meteor Garden” would bowl over thousands of Taiwanese, Filipino, Thai, Indonesian and Hong Kong fans of tele-drama. The TV show “Liúxing Huayuán” was, of course, simply a live-action Taiwanese take on Yoko Kamio’s best-selling Japanese shōjo manga series called “Boys Over Flowers,” which in turn became the TBS drama series of Hana Yori Dango. 

How many Northeast and Southeast Asians fell for Ms. Mao Inoue’s rendition of the plucky Makino Tsukushi and the small-screen playboy-characters Domyouji Tsukasa, Hanazawa Rui, Nishikado Soujiro and Mimasaka Akira? Batches of young and mature female Asians continue to be entranced with the dramedy of Makino’s entanglement with the ruling princelings of the preppy Eitoku Academy. They have fueled the creation of “Hana Yori Dango Returns” and “Hana Yori Dango Final” as well as “Hana Nochi Hare” (HanaDan Next Season) with their infatuation over the elitist F4 and admiration for Makino. The uber-wealthy Flower Four (stand-in for the zaibatzus Mitsui, Mitsubishi, and Sumitomo as well as the Yakuza?) were even succeeded by the Correct 5 as the next bully-clique. 

In Episode 8 of the original Hana Yori Dango TV series, Makino joined the Teen of Japan competition to win money for her father’s debt. Thus solidifying the niche of the fictional feisty teenager as a role model for the bubblegum stratum and coeds? But have the starry-eyes wandered upon the historical examples of Sada Abe or Fumiko Kaneko?

Ms. Abe (who had a sister punished for sexual promiscuity by being sent by her own father to work in a brothel and was herself sold by her own parents to a geisha house for behaving as an uncontrollable teenager) was the center of the “Go Ichi-Hachi” Incident. Her crime of murdering and mutilating her lover out of jealousy and/or love symbolized the “ero-guro-nansensu” trend in the Japanese spring of 1936.

Her prison sentence was commuted on the occasion of the 2,600th anniversary of Jimmu Tenno’s ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne. She was released from jail seven months before the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.

Like Sada Abe, Fumiko Kaneko was imprisoned for her beliefs, personified the “dokufu” stereotype and was nearly sold by her own mother to a brothel due to extreme poverty. Unlike Abe, Ms. Kaneko had a shortened life, having killed herself 10 years before the Go Ichi-Hachi Incident.

Kaneko’s affair and marriage to the Korean activist Pak Yeol and Abe’s long life are different points along the spectrum of love, Japanese-style. Do they also channel “joshiryoku” (“feminine power”)? The Japanese women do enjoy their freedom to cosplay or to wear high heels on a normal milk run to the neighborhood grocery store. And though they are expected to gift their male cohorts with “giri choco” (obligatory chocolate) on Valentine’s Day, they get it back on White Day.

Be that as it may, the homeland of samurais and ninjas as well as “otakus” and “hikkikomoris” has also spawned the Kakuhido, which has been campaigning for a decade now against the “passion-based capitalism” of Valentine’s Day 

Politically-correct or not, the crusaders against Japanese “love capitalism” are harmless compared to the operators of the Japanese wartime military sexual slavery system that led to comfort women. Pathetic
or not, the Kakuhido activists are non-toxic compared to the perpetrators of the Bataan Death March, Rape of Mapanique, Lipa Massacre and Rape of Manila.

The “joshi kosei” (high school girls), who in the 1990s may or may not have sold their used and unwashed gym shorts to merchants at “buru-sera” shops, can be huge fans of Julia of the Cowboy Bebop series.

But have they been taught about the tragedies and war crimes wrought by the Tojo regime during World War II?

Some of these joshi kōsei grow up to become the “housewives who control Japan’s future,” thus lamented by Katsuhiro Furusawa, Takayuki Akimoto and the rest of the Kakuhido. 

The “Smash Valentine’s Day” banner-men of Japan and the joshi kōsei who trade their school uniforms for yen may sound chucklesome, as reported in the press, both Japanese and international. Yet the world may prefer them to the Schutzstaffel who operated the Lagerbordell in the Third Reich or the Aufseherin in Nazi Germany.

Better the tomboyish Makoto and her love-interest Chiaki (The Girl Who Leapt Through Time) than actual women kidnapped in German “łapanka” or “rafle” then brought to the Soldatenbordell in Axis-occupied Europe or the victims of the fictional “Love Camp 7” and the real Buchenwald concentration camp. Sada Abe versus The Witch of Buchenwald.

Fumiko Kaneko versus Fraulein Devil (a.k.a. Elsa: Fraulein SS), Dr. Ellen Kratsch (La Bestia in Calore), and Helga, She Wolf of Stilberg. The ‘Babe Garden’ of the Recreation and Amusement Association versus the Salon Kitty of the Nazi Sicherheitsdienst. 

The violent and bratty Jun Matsumoto as Domyouji Tsukasa versus Colonel Von Kleiben of the Lager SSadis Kastrat Kommandantur.

So, can you find love? Where? In Italy: “Roman Holiday” (Paramount Pictures, 1953)
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

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