September 25, 2017, 6:00 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07264 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34187 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02482 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03536 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5979 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03249 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00745 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.31665 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13627 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0618 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27967 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20131 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.96518 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03951 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02438 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01919 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.36155 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13059 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.37935 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.30439 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82753 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43125 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.51325 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1233 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94106 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21553 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25924 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3485 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46183 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01657 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03986 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01461 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0146 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08739 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88588 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 176.45964 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14445 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.08406 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15453 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46127 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12375 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23398 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.13074 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.05379 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06919 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.08149 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 663.96359 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1252 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5623 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01399 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21833 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03738 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.35362 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.07516 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.12164 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.80063 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.34177 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00596 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01622 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74387 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.94383 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.77848 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02017 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.31408 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26167 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0603 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01227 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02675 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18458 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34721 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01345 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.91851 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.53639 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15916 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1521 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.66021 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30696 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.16792 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35121 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08291 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26183 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.9818 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59118 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05301 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02722 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00761 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06415 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06309 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08386 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07081 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.78797 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07201 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14001 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.39142 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07417 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15268 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26236 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13172 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15792 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01462 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4392 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.3386 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.05617 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 406.07593 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17306 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.18552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26179 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65427 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04862 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04355 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06922 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13382 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.24446 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51938 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.10364 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57041 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 159.61234 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19728 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 449.66376 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04153 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04947 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.86234 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0534 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.74723 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96618 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.94363 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26193 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.64043 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.15783 Zimbabwe dollar

But can you find love?

PROBABLY not in Japan’s “comfort facilities,” belonging to the Recreation and Amusement Association which were bars, dance halls, restaurants, brothels and nightclubs run by water-traders and other businessmen at the behest of the Home Ministry, prefectural governors and local police chiefs for the pleasure of Allied occupation troops in the immediate postwar period.

The Japanese gambit, decided as early August 21, 1945, of shoehorning 20,000 patriotic Okichis into slaving for the “Special Comfort Facilities Association” (Tokushu Ian Shisetsu Kyōkai), tricked the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, thus, preserving Hirohito’s oligarchic Yamato patriarchy.

Did any of the 350,000 US troops in Japan find love in Komachi Garden? Who knows? Less than 60 years later, “Meteor Garden” would bowl over thousands of Taiwanese, Filipino, Thai, Indonesian and Hong Kong fans of tele-drama. The TV show “Liúxing Huayuán” was, of course, simply a live-action Taiwanese take on Yoko Kamio’s best-selling Japanese shōjo manga series called “Boys Over Flowers,” which in turn became the TBS drama series of Hana Yori Dango. 

How many Northeast and Southeast Asians fell for Ms. Mao Inoue’s rendition of the plucky Makino Tsukushi and the small-screen playboy-characters Domyouji Tsukasa, Hanazawa Rui, Nishikado Soujiro and Mimasaka Akira? Batches of young and mature female Asians continue to be entranced with the dramedy of Makino’s entanglement with the ruling princelings of the preppy Eitoku Academy. They have fueled the creation of “Hana Yori Dango Returns” and “Hana Yori Dango Final” as well as “Hana Nochi Hare” (HanaDan Next Season) with their infatuation over the elitist F4 and admiration for Makino. The uber-wealthy Flower Four (stand-in for the zaibatzus Mitsui, Mitsubishi, and Sumitomo as well as the Yakuza?) were even succeeded by the Correct 5 as the next bully-clique. 

In Episode 8 of the original Hana Yori Dango TV series, Makino joined the Teen of Japan competition to win money for her father’s debt. Thus solidifying the niche of the fictional feisty teenager as a role model for the bubblegum stratum and coeds? But have the starry-eyes wandered upon the historical examples of Sada Abe or Fumiko Kaneko?

Ms. Abe (who had a sister punished for sexual promiscuity by being sent by her own father to work in a brothel and was herself sold by her own parents to a geisha house for behaving as an uncontrollable teenager) was the center of the “Go Ichi-Hachi” Incident. Her crime of murdering and mutilating her lover out of jealousy and/or love symbolized the “ero-guro-nansensu” trend in the Japanese spring of 1936.

Her prison sentence was commuted on the occasion of the 2,600th anniversary of Jimmu Tenno’s ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne. She was released from jail seven months before the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.

Like Sada Abe, Fumiko Kaneko was imprisoned for her beliefs, personified the “dokufu” stereotype and was nearly sold by her own mother to a brothel due to extreme poverty. Unlike Abe, Ms. Kaneko had a shortened life, having killed herself 10 years before the Go Ichi-Hachi Incident.

Kaneko’s affair and marriage to the Korean activist Pak Yeol and Abe’s long life are different points along the spectrum of love, Japanese-style. Do they also channel “joshiryoku” (“feminine power”)? The Japanese women do enjoy their freedom to cosplay or to wear high heels on a normal milk run to the neighborhood grocery store. And though they are expected to gift their male cohorts with “giri choco” (obligatory chocolate) on Valentine’s Day, they get it back on White Day.

Be that as it may, the homeland of samurais and ninjas as well as “otakus” and “hikkikomoris” has also spawned the Kakuhido, which has been campaigning for a decade now against the “passion-based capitalism” of Valentine’s Day 

Politically-correct or not, the crusaders against Japanese “love capitalism” are harmless compared to the operators of the Japanese wartime military sexual slavery system that led to comfort women. Pathetic
or not, the Kakuhido activists are non-toxic compared to the perpetrators of the Bataan Death March, Rape of Mapanique, Lipa Massacre and Rape of Manila.

The “joshi kosei” (high school girls), who in the 1990s may or may not have sold their used and unwashed gym shorts to merchants at “buru-sera” shops, can be huge fans of Julia of the Cowboy Bebop series.

But have they been taught about the tragedies and war crimes wrought by the Tojo regime during World War II?

Some of these joshi kōsei grow up to become the “housewives who control Japan’s future,” thus lamented by Katsuhiro Furusawa, Takayuki Akimoto and the rest of the Kakuhido. 

The “Smash Valentine’s Day” banner-men of Japan and the joshi kōsei who trade their school uniforms for yen may sound chucklesome, as reported in the press, both Japanese and international. Yet the world may prefer them to the Schutzstaffel who operated the Lagerbordell in the Third Reich or the Aufseherin in Nazi Germany.

Better the tomboyish Makoto and her love-interest Chiaki (The Girl Who Leapt Through Time) than actual women kidnapped in German “łapanka” or “rafle” then brought to the Soldatenbordell in Axis-occupied Europe or the victims of the fictional “Love Camp 7” and the real Buchenwald concentration camp. Sada Abe versus The Witch of Buchenwald.

Fumiko Kaneko versus Fraulein Devil (a.k.a. Elsa: Fraulein SS), Dr. Ellen Kratsch (La Bestia in Calore), and Helga, She Wolf of Stilberg. The ‘Babe Garden’ of the Recreation and Amusement Association versus the Salon Kitty of the Nazi Sicherheitsdienst. 

The violent and bratty Jun Matsumoto as Domyouji Tsukasa versus Colonel Von Kleiben of the Lager SSadis Kastrat Kommandantur.

So, can you find love? Where? In Italy: “Roman Holiday” (Paramount Pictures, 1953)
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

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