April 25, 2018, 3:16 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07044 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01285 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03414 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3869 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02498 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03414 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03836 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59992 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03047 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58228 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.025 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13157 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06531 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26103 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18432 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 383.96625 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.4346 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12071 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.91139 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76908 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.72344 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3961 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39145 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1164 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94764 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1869 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24445 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33832 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52167 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01562 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03879 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01369 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01368 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08493 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89893 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.6122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1407 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.94879 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15041 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4519 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11558 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23341 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85501 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.4557 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06754 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26972 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.70809 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 805.52361 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92079 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37438 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06782 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91408 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.31497 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.83161 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.65286 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26122 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.47315 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25738 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.78405 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.8646 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99962 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50441 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23188 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05847 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02539 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17621 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31433 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95589 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.29728 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.79977 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15492 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.75105 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64212 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29862 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.71883 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35542 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07476 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23032 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88531 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59455 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15025 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02693 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06167 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06232 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21711 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06525 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 105.81128 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06981 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17426 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.19889 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07192 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14921 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25758 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34621 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1621 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01369 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42589 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.33679 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79785 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 382.92676 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16782 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87687 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2317 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60153 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04709 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04287 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07793 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12937 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56552 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.65171 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50153 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.73264 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54066 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.48792 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1138.30075 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 436.67051 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02071 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04846 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.24242 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05178 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.24242 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85386 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79287 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23169 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.53011 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94093 Zimbabwe dollar

Dosage controversy

THERE have been controversies about the safe dose for our intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and sodium (salt). Obviously, the amount we take of any substance or medications, either too high or too low, is important, when it comes to efficacy, benefit, and adverse side-effects.

Calcium and Vitamin D
In October 2016, a new guideline was published stating that Calcium and Vitamin D intake “does not adversely affect cardiovascular health” as was suspected a decade ago.

Based on a meta-analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the National Osteoporosis Foundation and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology “have determined that calcium in food or supplements (and even with the addition of Vitamin D), doesn’t have an effect on incident cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, disease-related mortality, or all-cause mortality in most healthy adults.”

Total consumption of less than 2000-2500 mg daily “should be considered safe from a cardiovascular standpoint,” according to this group. However, most individuals do not need more than 500 mg of supplemental calcium a day, which could even be provided by a regular diet. Vitamin D, in its D3 form, is recommended as essential in this study and the dosages stated are 600 IU/d for those up to age 70 and 800 IU/d for those older.

The caveat is, when it comes to food or medications, more is not necessarily better.

Sodium – Salt
When it comes to sodium (salt), more is definitely not better. As a matter of fact, excessive salt intake has an adverse side effects on the cardiovascular system. Those with hypertension (high blood pressure) and those with heart failure almost instantly experience the ill effects of eating foods that are too salty, anything more than the prescribed “low salt diet.” The blood pressure immediately goes up among hypertensives and those with heart failure soon develop shortness of breath and leg swelling, depending on the degree of cardiac failure.

An article in the October 3, 2016 issue of the Journal of American College of Cardiology reported that a study covering more than two decades shows that those with the lowest sodium (salt) intake have the lowest rate of mortality (death).

The controversy with regards to sodium was not how bad excess sodium was, since it has always been clear that too much salt was bad for practically everyone, not only for those with cardiovascular diseases. The question was what the safe lowest salt intake was. 

The new finding in this study by Dr. Nancy R. Cook and her partners at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, debunked the previous studies that reported people who consumed the lowest amount of sodium had increased mortality, or had no increased risk at all.

The study shows that “for every added 1000 mg/day of sodium (the equivalent of about a half-teaspoon per day), the risk of premature death went up by 12%. And that’s only for an excess of about half a teaspoon! A lot of salt “addicts” consume greater excesses than that, oblivious that this is most unhealthy.

The details of the study: “Cook and colleagues calculated mortality over 24 years for the patients in phase 1 (1987–1990) and phase 2 (1990–1995) of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP), which analyzed the effect of sodium-reduction interventions on all-cause mortality based on multiple 24-hour urine samples from prehypertensive adults ages 30 to 54 years old. They found no disadvantage to ingesting the lowest levels of sodium, as reflected by 24-hour urinary sodium excretion, and a direct linear association between average sodium intake and mortality.”

The current guidelines from the US Food and Drug Administration is below 2300 mg a day, or roughly less than 2 teaspoons a day.

Food labels on cans and bottles provide, among other ingredients, the sodium content, and one can precisely tell the amount of salt in each. The guesswork comes with regards to home cooked food, unless the cook is vigilant, conscious, and careful in the use of table salt or other spices and additives that also contain salt. Many restaurants today are also showing on their menus nutritional facts, including amounts of calories, proteins, total fats, cholesterol, carbohydrates, and sodium, which helps. And their chefs also accept request for low salt, no MSG, less sugar, and less spices, or putting the sauces on the side on food orders.

So, before adding salt to your food, think of health and longevity. Indeed, salt shaker is out and sodium counting is in.

Vitamin-mineral supplements
If you are eating properly every day, you are just wasting your money taking multivitamin-mineral supplements, according to experts.

Three studies published three years ago in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, found that multivitamins and minerals supplements “did not work any better than placebo.”

The report says these supplements would not boost the immune system or provide added health benefits, like preventing heart disease or memory loss, or enhancing longevity. to those who are eating properly daily and suggests abandoning their use. 

Only the multibillion-dollar multivitamin-mineral industry benefits, especially from those who take meg-dose supplements, which have been deemed detrimental to health and have resulted in deaths. There are also doubts that most of these and other food supplements on the market (pills, potions, and lotions) may not have the proper and right amount or quality ingredients in them. Not to mention the side effects from them that could take years to show.

Dr. Eliseo Guallar, a professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, stated that “it’s clear that vitamins are not working.” 

The studies did not show that multivitamins and minerals cause any adverse health effects, except when they are taken in a megadose (overdose) manner. Those below age 60 who are healthy and eating well may not need multivitamins, minerals, or any supplements. 

For the elderly and those who do not eat properly or adequately, multivitamins and minerals would be beneficial, taken at the recommended dosage. Be sure to discuss your concerns with your physician.

The main objective of this column is to educate and inspire people, especially parents, whose way of life inevitably impacts the health of their children, to live a healthy lifestyle to prevent illnesses and disabilities, and achieve a happier and more productive life for themselves and for their offspring. My articles are general medical information for the public and not intended to be applicable to, or appropriate for, anyone. The data, statistics, and personal commentaries presented here are not a substitute for, or inferred to be superior to, the professional opinion and recommendation of your physician, who knows your total condition well and who is your best ally when it comes to your health. 

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