January 18, 2018, 4:17 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07263 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.14992 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03521 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37318 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03521 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63687 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03163 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00745 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.63172 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02627 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13568 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06382 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25445 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19324 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.96518 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03951 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01896 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.96895 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12736 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.62579 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.15506 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77275 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40883 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49743 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95886 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24462 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25141 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34978 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53817 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01607 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08957 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9371 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.94699 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14509 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.07219 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15475 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46509 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11922 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25771 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9644 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.35047 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06775 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.266 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.41772 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 723.08147 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02255 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43928 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01399 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18216 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03224 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37189 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.26622 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.12896 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.80063 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.02452 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00594 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01622 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.47765 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.7856 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.88528 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.04292 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5093 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24248 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0603 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01227 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02646 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18183 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33356 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98418 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.46361 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.8837 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1593 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.96203 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64676 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30795 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.11195 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37086 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07803 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24161 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0807 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6072 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15518 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0265 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02715 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0076 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06341 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0624 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18473 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06706 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.52215 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07488 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11739 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.52987 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07417 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15387 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26503 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13841 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15847 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02609 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4392 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.90981 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85839 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.89636 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17306 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.18552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24175 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.63054 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04769 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04409 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07507 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13281 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5839 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.34335 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56547 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.79588 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56468 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.81883 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19729 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 449.14952 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0449 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04966 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5352 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0534 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5352 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90645 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.94363 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24183 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.64043 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.15783 Zimbabwe dollar

Duplicity

RECENTLY, US Ambassador Sung Kim reiterated that his government is working “very hard” to return to us the Balangiga bells which were taken by American troops after slaughtering everyone who was ten years old and above in Balangiga town in Samar. 
The retaliatory massacre took place in l901 after US troops in Balangiga were defeated by our mostly bolo-wielding “revolucionarios” fighting for independence. 
Many other US envoys before Kim have given the same assurance but nothing has come out of it. 
By happenstance, General Antonio N. Sotelo (ret.), a genuine hero of EDSA I and former commanding general of the Philippine Air Force, gave me permission to publish the following piece that he wrote on the “Duplicity in US Foreign Policy” that should give the reader a glimpse of how the US “speaks one way and acts another”: 

QUOTE… 
Hereunder are quotations from the book “The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (Updated Edition)” by John J. Mearsheimer: 
 “ … In essence, a discernible gap separates public rhetoric from the actual conduct of American foreign policy. 
 “It should be obvious to intelligent observers that the United States speaks one way and acts another. In fact, policymakers in other states have always remarked about this tendency in American foreign policy. As long ago as 1939, for example, Carr
pointed out that states on the European continent regard(ed) the English speaking peoples as ‘masters in the art of concealing their selfish national interest in the guise of the general good’, adding that ‘this hypocrisy is a special and characteristic peculiarity of the Anglo-Saxon mind’.”
After reading and understanding the quotations above, did you ever believe what the United States had been telling us when we were embroiled with China on our territorial claims in the West Philippine Sea? 
Read the book “The Imperial Cruise” by James Bradley. You will find that the seeds of the 2nd World War in the Pacific were planted by the duplicity of American foreign policy. 
In our Revolution of 1896, we were deceived by America. We thought all along that once the Spaniards were defeated, we would have our country. Instead, America bought us from Spain for a token price of $20 million which translates to $0.66 per hectare with one Filipino standing on the land. We were no better, in fact worse, than the black people sold at the auction block in New Orleans as slaves. 
In World War II, Filipinos fought side by side with the Americans, in a war not of our own making. We were told every carabao killed, every coconut tree felled will be compensated. When the war was won, our veterans were treated shabbily. They were worth only half a person, perhaps, because in their eyes we were no better than slaves. 
Today, thanks to President Digong, or whatever name you call him. He brought us to a position where we can stand tall as an independent country. Yes, we are poor but we have our dignity back, not the lapdog of anyone. For that alone, he is my hero. 
At this point, this is a warning. We should be wary about people pretending to be nationalists but agents who are in the payroll of a foreign power who, seemingly, are espousing our national interest but in fact promoting the interest of their benefactor. These people are part of the intelligentsia. You read their articles in newspapers. You see them on television and other broadcast media. You find them in high society. They are well dressed in coat and tie or barong. 
Between these people and our President, I will take our President anytime. I have complete faith in him. He will not sell us out. 
End of quote… 

TRUMP ON JERUSALEM 

As expected, US President Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the
capital of Israel was met with near-universal condemnation by Muslim countries in particular, and other members of the international community. 
The US also found herself isolated in the UN Security Council during an emergency meeting last week as fellow members, one after the other, criticized Trump’s decision as being inconsistent with past UN resolutions, including one that says Jerusalem is Israeli-occupied. 
Protests and clashes in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, Gaza Strip, Jerusalem and other Palestinian territories erupted, with two Palestinians killed and dozens injured near the Gaza Strip. 
Huge demonstrations also reportedly took place in countries like Jordan, Malaysia and Turkey. 

JERUSALEM AS
INTERNATIONAL CITY 

There have been proposals for Jerusalem to be declared an international city because of the presence of three of the holy shrines of the world’s three major religions – Christianity, Islam and Judaism. 
The following are located in the city: 1) The Church of the Nativity which is venerated by Christians as the birthplace of Jesus; 2) The Wailing Wall, Judaism’s most sacred site; and 3) The Dome of the Rock which is a Muslim shrine that is part of a larger Muslim holy area in East Jerusalem.. 
The Palestinians want East Jerusalem, which was seized by Israel in 1967 and annexed in 1980, to be the capital of a future state of Palestine. Unfortunately, Israel has already unilaterally decided that the whole of Jerusalem is her state capital. 
Expect the repercussions or fallout from Trump’s decision to be so consequential as to overshadow the brewing trouble in the Korean peninsula. 
Good or bad? Only time will tell. 
In this regard, it would be interesting to know what will be the position of our government on Trump’s declaration. 
China and Russia favor West Jerusalem as the Israeli capital and East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state of Palestine. 

ROBREDO CHANGING COLOR? 

Is Vice President Leni Robredo, whose election is under protest, changing her color or to put it more bluntly, is she now distancing herself from the Yellowtards? 
First, she says those responsible for the Dengvaxia anomaly must be made to account for it. 
According to news reports, it was ex-President Noynoy Aquino who allegedly “personally negotiated” (he reportedly went to Paris in December 2015) the deal with Sanofi Pasteur, the manufacturer of the defective anti-dengue vaccine that has now endangered the lives of young Filipinos vaccinated with it, numbering about 800,000. 
Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre has ordered the National Bureau of Investigation to probe the anomaly that would include Aquino. I suppose a case against Aquino, former Health Secretary Janette Garin, former DBM Secretary Florencio Abad and possibly others will be filed, depending on the results of the investigation. 
 (In contrast, newly-appointed Health Secretary Francisco Duque III wants to hear from Aquino and Garin first… “I’m sure they actually meant well. I have no doubt that they did mean well,” he said. Whose side is he on?) 
***
Second, Robredo unconditionally backed President Rodrigo Roa Duterte aka Digong’s declaration of the Communist Party of the Philippines and the New People’s Army (CPP-NPA) as a “terrorist organization”.
“For me, what’s the definition of a ‘terrorist’? A terrorist sows fear without any reason. Terrorists are also those who kill civilians and extort money from them,” Robredo said.
She added that there should be no politics in fighting terrorism “because it will harm people’s security and the future of our country”.
It’s a good statement. But what about her Liberal Party mates? Are they in agreement with her? The people would be interested to hear from them.
***
Today is the 222nd day of the eleventh year of the enforced disappearance of Jonas Burgos, son of the late press icon and founder of this newspaper.
After the acquittal of Major Harry Baliaga, Jr., the only person formally charged with Jonas’ kidnapping, I guess what happens next is now up to Divine Providence.
***
From an internet friend:
There is a new study about women and how they feel about their asses. The results are pretty interesting:
30 percent of women think their ass is too fat; 10 percent of women think their ass is too skinny; the remaining 60 percent say they don’t care, they love him, he’s a good man and they wouldn’t trade him for the world…
Just kidding guys, we know you have a sense of humor, right?
***
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Column of the Day

From the forge of Vulkanus

By BERNARD KARGANILLA | January 18,2018
‘Woe unto you, ye sons of pain that are this day in earth – C. S. Lewis [Ode for New Year’s Day]’

Opinion of the Day

Sudden cardiac death

By PHILIP S. CHUA | January 18, 2018
‘Even a single coronary blockage, if severe enough, could be dangerous, and deadly, depending on the portion of the heart that suffers.’