September 21, 2017, 9:23 am
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07179 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17553 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03474 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33168 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02434 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03495 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03909 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57584 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03196 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00736 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.8794 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02626 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13468 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06076 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25293 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19814 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 391.32134 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03905 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02381 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.19703 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12797 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.56763 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.20407 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80414 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42683 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.47146 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12175 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92005 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16386 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25592 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3448 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45563 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01636 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0398 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01438 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08637 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87373 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.19859 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14252 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.99648 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15278 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45582 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12205 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20133 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.05786 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 258.65911 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06872 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25233 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.81079 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 654.02658 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07584 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54613 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01384 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17369 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00743 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34064 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.2025 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.08053 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.59187 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.0045 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00588 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01603 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.62568 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.53245 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.42533 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98769 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.27717 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25762 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05959 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01213 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02655 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18266 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34275 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00176 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.48554 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.84988 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15735 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.05629 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65031 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30336 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.99922 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34428 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08176 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25704 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88038 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5933 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15326 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99961 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02667 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00752 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06351 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06226 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05629 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06996 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.44762 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07117 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12619 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18804 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0733 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15296 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26388 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13018 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15555 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02627 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43405 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.59891 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.88741 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 400.87765 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17103 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.06607 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25709 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64621 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04766 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04368 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13149 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58751 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.66693 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51173 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.19156 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56626 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 157.93589 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19498 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 444.15559 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06353 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04908 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72635 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05278 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62119 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9398 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.88468 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25718 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.43667 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.07389 Zimbabwe dollar

The economics of a failed revolution

In the first place, maybe what we insisted on calling a revolution never was in the strictest sense. Seeing through the years what we had become -- those of us who reveled in the EDSA Revolution, ecstatic we had deposed a dictatorship with prayers -- the EDSA Revolution might have been, in reality, a dismal failure.

Self-reflection can be painful when what stares back falls short of expectations and in contrast might actually be the reality others see. 

Note how others might view our democracy. 

In 1986 we demonized a despot who choked us employing a dictatorial stranglehold that it took decades for us to grow the gonads to depose him. Since then we reverted, confronted now with the possibility of a diabolic political resurrection.

Since 1986, we’ve had two presidents accused of high crimes enough to jail them. After a few years we not only released them but we’ve reinstalled them in powerful positions.

Our political development actually worsened. Recently we picked a president whose reputation for violence might sit well with the reputations of such authoritarians as Baby Doc Duvalier, Pol Pot, and even Idi Amin.

Now note how others might view our economy.

Since 1986 we’ve failed to industrialize and instead established an economy essentially nothing more than a backroom after-sales office providing telephony support. If what sustained us prior to being a business processes outsourcing (BPO) economy was simply being a raw material supplier, via our dependence on BPO, we effectively remain as raw input suppliers.

Where we think we’ve industrialized, we didn’t. Note where mining is typically a seminal industrial catalyst, despite the  political power mining players wield data shows it contributes little to GDP, enhancing instead offshore industrialized economies while ravaging our forests and food baskets.

More than failed development, the manner we celebrate the EDSA Revolution is perhaps the most painful realization of a self-inflicted wound. Note that our most historically popular president chose not to celebrate EDSA himself. The snub was deliberate. Worse, it felt like a slap. 

It’s ironic. Had EDSA failed to unseat Ferdinand E. Marcos, we would not be enjoying the freedoms we carelessly enjoy. Without deposing the dictatorship Cory Aquino would not have been president. Nor would Estrada, Gloria Arroyo and Cory’s son, Benigno III -- the latter’s weaknesses and failures compelling us to elect Rodrigo R. Duterte. 

The EDSA unseating was successful only where it allowed us to choose according to the depth of our intellect and the sway and swings of our emotions. But was the EDSA Revolution just that, an unseating? 

One view of revolutions is that these result in a profound overturning of ruling classes. The socio-economic structure of the Philippines during the dictatorship years and what it is now are perhaps the best arguments that the revolution we thought we fought either did not take place or had failed miserably. 

Some economic indices bear these out. We are not referring to the disembodied GDP that misses out on critical metrics like the gap between the rich and the poor, hunger and inequity -- those that measure inclusive development. 

GDP improved. Even in the simplest macroeconomic growth graphs GDP eventually travels north powered by technological advancement and the inherent desire to be more efficient. Given three decades since 1986, whether governed by outstanding presidents, or among them, bungling buffoons, growth is assumed and dips, naturally corrected.

Between 1986 and  2016 poverty incidence did indeed fall to between 21 percent to 28 percent under Benigno Aquino III, albeit those mimic Estrada’s target in 2004. GDP growth increased from 3.2 percent to 7.1 percent. External debt fell and interest burdens decreased substantially when, under Arroyo, debts were either paid down or refinanced, eventually leading to the ballyhooed ratings Aquino boasted of when he inherited Arroyo’s economy. Tragically however, per capita GDP remained lowest in the region while coup-cursed Thailand, our economic twin, registered over 2.20 times ours.

Unemployment, also the worst in the region among even lower GDP growth economies, improved from 1986 as the government changed its benchmarks but the bigger problem of underemployment remained substantially between 25 percent to 33 percent. The most alarming however is the labor participation rate under Aquino’s final year. Those looking for work in 2016 were 63.4 percent. In 1986 it averaged lower at 62.9 percent.

Where revolutions impact on inequities EDSA failed miserably. The Gini Coefficient that measures inequality worsened under Aquino registering 43.1 percent compared to 41.04 percent in 1986.

That gap should not have happened. Yet it was allowed to grow by a dispensation that cared little and had no empathy for our poorest subsisting at the bottom rung of the index despite the GDP growth that skirted them. The gap shows  the last presidency that could have and should have resurrected the economic promise of EDSA, simply pampered its upper-crust plutocracy. 

After 1986 we crawled away from a debt-driven economy and GDP grew. But only for the rich. From 1986 the worsening inequity shows how government fails when it prioritizes the interests of cronies in the case of 1986, and in 2016, the “kaklase, kaibigan and kabarilan” coterie under Aquino. If the EDSA celebrations were largely ignored last month it is because the last plutocratic administration hammered the last nail on its coffin.
Rating: 
Average: 3.8 (5 votes)

Column of the Day

The war on drugs flawed?

By NESTOR MATA | September 21,2017
‘President Duterte said that he never condoned the killing of children and adults in his war against illegal drugs.’

Opinion of the Day

Two steps behind

By BERNARD KARGANILLA | September 21, 2017
‘Walk away if you want to. It’s okay if you need to.’