May 1, 2017, 12:40 am
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07338 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47153 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03551 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30767 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0267 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03576 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03996 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.62058 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03591 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00753 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.97123 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01998 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02787 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13766 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06313 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01998 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28122 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20824 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 400.00001 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03992 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02724 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01979 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.24575 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13775 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.71728 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.01139 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01998 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01439 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49203 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.51329 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13587 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94126 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18054 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28573 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36064 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45667 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01826 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04187 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01546 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01544 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08339 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88012 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 183.86813 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14668 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.08292 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1554 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46693 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13577 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.35684 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.7015 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.45355 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07222 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28482 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.5964 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 648.13188 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12587 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56723 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22689 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05694 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34302 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.01199 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.22717 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.98202 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.74046 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00607 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01638 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28332 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.51649 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.09391 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03696 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81818 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26693 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06091 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0124 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02813 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1977 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38132 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11848 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.13287 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.19181 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16005 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.13467 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69331 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30689 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.34486 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38017 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08672 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26573 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28372 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59521 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17029 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03996 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02907 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00769 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01998 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06481 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06333 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09251 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07709 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.06893 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07275 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08271 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1388 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.36144 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07493 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15666 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27063 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13306 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17603 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02788 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01547 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44368 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.85115 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.96903 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 447.57244 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17427 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.28931 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26494 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69131 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04823 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04623 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07099 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13406 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60376 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.53547 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52997 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.76723 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01998 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56084 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 73.94606 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19929 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 454.32568 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05182 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.97263 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05395 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17123 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.99201 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26515 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.68632 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.23077 Zimbabwe dollar

The far times: Sideward

ANDALUSIA, 1492, it is the Spanish Inquisition, and Aguilar de Nerha of the Assassin’s Brotherhood is deployed to rescue Prince Ahmed de Granada from the Templars who are coercing Sultan Muhammad XII (Prince Ahmed’s father) to surrender the Apple of Eden.

In this world, the Assassin’s Brotherhood and the Templar Order are battling for possession of the Apple of Eden (which is the genetic code to man’s free will), with the former defending peace through free will and the latter obsessed with peace through mind-control. The Brotherhood’s members are fitted with wrist blades and the Order is composed of monks and knights. Who are the good guys and who are the villains?

Welcome to Michael Fassbender’s “Assassin’s Creed” film-universe that extends Ubisoft’s “Assassin’s Creed” action-adventure and pseudo-historical video-game series. This is a genre played by millions of gamers and the movie explores the concept of genetic memories. As a bonus feature in the motion picture’s official website, a fan inputting his surname and geographic location into an app will discover that he may be distantly related to Japanese shogun Oda Nobunaga and Mongol warlord Genghis Khan.

The big-screen extension of the “Assassin’s Creed” game-play also offers an opportunity to look into real-world events involving political killings, conspiracies and corporatist agendas. Samples:

(1) “Victor Hugo declared in his Les Orientales (1829) that Spain also was oriental. This perception owed mainly to the rich heritage of Islamic architecture left behind by the Moorish rule on the Iberian Peninsula...As Renaissance started to conquer Europe, centuries of Moorish rule in the Iberian Peninsula was brought to an end in 1492, with the conquest of Granada by the Catholic Kings...the Muslim empire of the Morisco-Spaniards that enjoyed a prosperous civilization for eight centuries was almost completely annihilated.” [Arda and others, “Reconquering Andalusia: The Muslim Cities of the West,” American International Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol. 3, No. 9, September 2013]

(2) Andalusia is the region with the highest concentration of Gitanos in Spain. [Report on the situation of Roma and Sinti in the OSCE Area, The Hague, 10 March 2000]

(3) “In 1492, unlike the Spanish Jews, the Spanish Muslims had not yet received the ultimatum to either convert to Christianity or to leave the Peninsula. But as early as 1499, Muslims of Spain knew that the same prospect presented to the Jewish communities would be enforced upon them. In 1501 a royal decree was made requiring the Muslims of Granada to convert to Christianity or face exile. This capitulation translated into conversion activities throughout the different kingdoms of Spain from 1501 to 1526. In 1501 the Granadan Muslims were baptized, in 1502 the same activity spread to Castile. By 1526, the Muslims of Granada, Castile, Aragon, Valencia, Extremadura and elsewhere in Spain had converted.” [Bahrami, Beebe, “The Persistence of the Andalusian Identity in Rabat, Morocco” (1995). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. 1176]

(4) “The peasants of all the villages of Andalusia are rising, united by the ardent wish to smash reaction and to halt the advance of fascism.” [Dolores Ibárruri, “Discipline, Calm, Vigilance!” Radio Broadcast, Madrid, July 29, 1936]

(5) “It was in the poverty-stricken parts of Spain–mainly in Andalusia and in Catalonia–that the anarchists advocated resort to ‘propaganda by deed.’ During the period from 1882 to 1886, anarchist groups such as Mano Negra engaged in expropriation and murdered more than 20 leading figures.” [The History Of Terrorism From Antiquity To Al Qaeda. Edited by Gérard Chaliand and Arnaud Blin. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2007, p. 119]

(6) “It is strange that Manila has pursued this commerce for 140 years without any protest from Andalusia until now; the decadence of the latter is due rather to lack of economy in the use of their wealth than to the competition of Filipinas; and Andalusia has always encountered trouble, since the persons interested in the greater part of the lading of the galleons and fleets have been and are foreigners—French, English, and Dutch.” [Of what was done in Manila on receiving the decree of October 27, 1720...Reply from the commerce of Andalucia. In: The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume XLIV, 1700-1736, Editors: Emma Helen Blair, James Alexander Robertson]

(7) “Doña Victorina has added to her false frizzes and to her Andalusization, if we may be permitted the term, the new custom of driving the carriage horses herself.” [José Rizal, Epilogue, The Social Cancer]

(8) “It is as if I see the mujahids given victory in the Arabian Peninsula...The noble people in the states will renounce (the regimes) and restore the rights of the Umma which these collaborating regimes had snatched away...After that, the throngs will apply themselves (by the aid of God) to liberating Jerusalem and that which surrounds it and liberating Bukhara, Samarkand, Andalusia, and all of the lands of the Muslims. Then we will begin liberating the earth and humanity from the hegemony of unbelief...” [Abu Bakr Naji. The Management of Savagery: The Most Critical Stage Through Which the Umma Will Pass. Translated by William McCants. John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University. 23 May 2006. Page 144]

So much for the setting of the story. Meanwhile, the Order has been a real force in history.

(1) “The original Knights Templar was a mediaeval military order during the Crusades (1129-1312 A.D.), charged with defending pilgrims in the Holy Land, known for its members’ piety, military prowess – and wealth. The Mexican Knights Templar combined the religious fervour of La Familia and the martial culture of the Zetas. They were governed by a written code of ethics positioning Knights as temporal intermediaries between the community and their unjust oppressors (the state and other criminal rivals).” [James David Robert Cockayne. Hidden Power: The Strategic Logic of Organized Crime. Sicily, New York and the Caribbean, 1859- 1968, and Mexico and the Sahel. Thesis. King’s College London]

(2) There is demonstrable continuity between German Nazism and Andres Breivik’s vision of a new caste of Knights Templars repelling Muslims from Europe’s citadel. [Roger Griffin, “Studying Fascism in a Postfascist Age. From New Consensus to New Wave?” Fascism 1 (2012) 1–17]

(3) “The knights of St. John, the Teutonic knights, or the Templars–the latter of these, besides the grand-master and grand-priors, and religious nuncios, had also some resemblance to the Assassins in their spirit of political interference and secret doctrine.” [Joseph, Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall. The History of the Assassins: Derived from Oriental Sources. London: Smith and Elder, Cornhill, 1835, p. 80]

Do you believe in the Creed?
Rating: 
No votes yet
Twitter icon
Facebook icon
Google icon
LinkedIn icon
Pinterest icon
Reddit icon
Yahoo! icon
e-mail icon

Column of the Day

A modern Nostradamus

By NESTOR MATA | April 27,2017
726 View(s) 0 Comment(s)
‘A mystic predicted Donald Trump’s presidency and now claims to have a date for World War III.’

Opinion of the Day

Happy Labor Day

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | May 01, 2017
35 View(s) 0 Comment(s)
‘Capital must not profit more than labor. --Lope K. Santos, in “Banaag at Sikat” (dawn and daybreak), a novel.’