May 28, 2018, 4:02 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06987 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04394 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03405 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46707 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02507 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03386 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03804 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.58684 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03178 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00718 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.30759 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02521 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13049 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06941 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2997 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18862 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 380.82557 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.038 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01888 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.92087 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1215 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.23245 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69241 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.79018 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41871 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.37645 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12092 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9416 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20987 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25394 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33993 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51779 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01623 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03907 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08823 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89024 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 171.23835 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13955 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93875 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14924 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45305 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23264 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.18261 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.49914 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06761 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28921 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.52235 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 800.64676 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00476 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38368 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08195 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91839 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2975 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.23036 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.96595 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.12003 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.46376 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0156 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.24805 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.41735 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.6285 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00552 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.59102 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23569 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05799 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0118 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02586 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18008 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31929 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99391 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.77516 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.76412 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15373 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.73388 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65627 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29618 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.63553 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37196 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07566 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23683 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.82899 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59717 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15404 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06962 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02745 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00732 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0621 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06201 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19897 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06975 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.10348 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06924 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0751 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17631 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.13468 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07134 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15092 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25547 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34155 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16566 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42241 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.32471 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69051 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.78391 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16644 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.79608 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23678 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60662 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0483 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04363 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08961 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1286 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56886 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.27563 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49705 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.0291 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5933 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 151.83565 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1494.25528 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 433.30797 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03595 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04914 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.63667 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05136 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.63667 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.926 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.75366 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23681 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 98.716 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88415 Zimbabwe dollar

Health info capsules

FOLLOWING the US-Food and Drug Administration rule introduced in 2012, restaurant menus today in about two-thirds of the largest restaurant chains have eliminated the highest caloric food items on their menus. 

In these 66 chains, higher calorie sandwiches, which have 52 to 71 more calories than their average items, were dropped. This is a healthy trend, but desserts, which are in carbohydrates, and soft drinks, which are toxic to the body, have remained unchanged. Low-carbs, low-fat, more-vegetables and nuts are in. Indeed, long overdue.

COPD among non-smokers?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, which chronic tobacco smokers inevitably acquire after years of exposure (firsthand or secondhand) to the countless toxic agents in cigarettes, could also result from other causes, like environmental chemical pollution, and rarely, from a genetic disorder called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, a hereditary condition. Unbeknownst to many, COPD could also be caused by GERD (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease), where the valve between the stomach and the esophagus (foodpipe) is incompetent (loose), allowing stomach hydrochloric acid (which normally helps in food digestion) to back up to the esophagus and higher up. The acid could also flow into the windpipe, frequently causing small coughs, and over the years, leading to inflammation in the respiratory tract, leading to COPD, with lung congestion, bronchial spasm, some shortness of breath and wheezing, similar to asthmatic attacks. For this, metered dose inhalers (MDI) with bronchodilators, some with steroids, is part of the treatment, besides the use of Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) to reduce acid formation, abstention from spicy foods/alcohol, and sleeping with the head of the bed elevated.

Oral-cardiac health link
There is an intimate relationship between oral health and cardiac health. Any infection in the mouth, dental/oral, causes bacterial invasion and inflammatory processes that increase the risk for the development of heart attack and stroke. In the USA, more than 80 percent of Americans have undiagnosed periodontal or gum disease. This is why it is vital to have maximal oral health by maintaining good oral hygiene and having dental checkup at least two times a year. Inflammation in oral cavity or any part of the body, evidenced by elevated C-reactive protein, is the cause of most major illnesses known to man. 

Shotgun approach versus cancer
In view of the deadly nature of cancer in general, medical science and technology are unceasingly finding new and more effective ways to target cancer with this multi-pronged approach: pre-emptive recognition of genetic risks, prevention (lifestyle, vaccines…), discovery of markers, early diagnosis, more precise targeted treatment, immunotherapy, and more accurate prognostication. This evidence-based approach is aimed at conquering this killer disease to allow victims to live longer or even attain total cure. 

Genetics, genomics, mapping
The new frontier in screening tests for cancer is in the area of genetics and genomics. On such test searches for BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which predispose women to develop breasts and ovarian cancers, like in the case of renowned actress Angelina Jolie, who had her breasts and ovaries surgically removed as a prophylactic measure. Today, there is also a home test that detects changes in feces that identify colon cancer.

A great advance in cancer care is the mapping of the genetic blueprints of 33 cancer types. The DNA similarities would allow more precise target treatments of cancers, because greater success in the fight against cancer can be achieved if we can first classify them according to their genomic and molecular makeup. This would identify their vulnerabilities.

Biomarkers and liquid biopsy
Biomarkers are substances in urine, blood, and other body fluids that reveals cancer. These tests are: Liver cancer: alpha-fetoprotein (AFP); Prostate cancer: prostate-specific antigen (PSA); Thyroid cancer: Thyroglobulin (TG); and non-small cell lung cancer: ALK gene. Biomarker proteins for pancreatic cancer for its early diagnosis are still being investigated.

Standard biopsy is done on solid tissues or tumors. Liquid biopsy, approved by the FDA in 2016, is a blood test that could detect cancer DNA circulating in the blood stream. Besides revealing changes to the EGFR gene in the serum of patients with non-small cell cancer of the lungs, liquid biopsy for other forms of cancers are underway.

Anti-cancer vaccines
Like vaccination for the prevention of chickenpox, measles, etc., vaccines, which work with our immune system to prevent, or even treat cancer, are a welcome regimen in our fight against these killer diseases. Gardasil, the very effective vaccine against cervical cancer we reported in this column in 2006, has dramatically reduced Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection by 64 percent and correspondingly cervical cancer. The other two are the hepatitis B vaccine, which significantly prevent deadly hepatoma (liver cancer), and sipuleucel-T (Provenge) vaccine, which treats prostate cancer. Investigations worldwide are going on for vaccines against other types of cancers, like melanoma (skin cancer) and colon cancer.

Screening tests for cancers
Since most of our screening tests for cancer have potential side-effects, like radiation from mammogram or CT scans, false positive results from biopsies from gastroscopy or colonoscopy, more precise indications are needed to find out which individuals are more at risk and really need to be screened. If prevention does not succeed, finding cancers in their early stage before they spread is the next best strategy to get a possible cure, so screening tests are important.

Pills in your home against cancer
You may not realize it but, most likely, you have pills in your medicine cabinet at home today which could help in the prevention of colon cancer and heart attack. Some of you may have been taking it already. I am referring to aspirin (acetylsalycilic acid), first introduced in 1899, which, when taken in its 81 mg low-dose regimen once daily for at least 4 years could reduce deaths from heart attack by 25 percent and from colon cancer by 44 percent, if taken for ten years. The US Preventive Services Task Force states those 50 to 59 could benefit from this mini-dose aspirin therapy. There is also a group of medications, that blocks estrogen receptors and lowers the risk for breast cancer. Drugs called aromatase inhibitors may also prevent breast cancer. Consultation with your physician is advised before taking any medication.

When it comes to warding off diseases, including heart attack and stroke, and especially cancer, a healthy lifestyle is at the top of the list of preventive measures at our disposal. The ball is in our court, our future largely in our hands.

***

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