July 21, 2018, 7:18 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Jose Rizal: Obsolete or Vintage?

THIS Rizal Week 2018, Jose Rizal’s hometown of Calamba launched its “Buhayani Festival 2018,” marking the first-class city as home of heroes (fallen like Lt. Geronimo Aclan of the Philippine Army Air Corps who fought during World War II and living like Corporal Jaffee Omabe
Amisola of the Philippine Army who fought the jihadists at the Siege of Marawi City last year) and advocating patriotism. [http://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1032860]

Institutionalized through City Ordinance No. 575 circa June 2015, the “Buhayani Festival” is par for the course. What has been surprising this year was the release of a new Japanese original manga “Jose Rizal!” co-authored by Takahiro Matsui (story) and Ryo Konno (art) and produced by the tandem of Japanese manga company Torico and the Philippine corporation of Creative Connections & Commons Inc. (CCC). The Japanese comic book, which is being serialized for free through Sukima.me (Japanese) and MANGA.CLUB (English) every Tuesday, was inspired by a visit to a tourist site in Tokyo. According to Takuro Ando, Torico president: “After we established “MANGA.CLUB,” I began to think of many methods to popularize Japanese Manga attractiveness to the global audience. I happened to walk in Hibiya Park and saw Jose Rizal’s statue there. It sparked an interest in me, and I began to research about him, and finally, this project is finalized. After knowing more about Jose Rizal, I learned that he didn’t only have a significant impact on Philippines or Japan but all over the world! Therefore, I want to bring his magnificent career in 35 years of his life into broader audience across the globe through Manga as the media.” [https://blog.manga.club/blog/mangaclub-blog-vol-10-jose-rizal-serializat...

Imagine that. So, what’s the story? “In the land now known as the Philippines, there was a time when colonial Spain ruled for more than 300 years. During a period when native Filipinos once called Indios were oppressed, exploited, and stripped of their human rights, Jose Rizal was born on the outskirts of Manila. ‘What does it mean to be a Filipino?’ ‘Is it possible to incite change through knowledge and not violence?’ He thought of those every day. A doctor, novelist, and a painter who can speak 15 languages, Jose Rizal is a legendary figure who brought about national revolution through one epic novel!” [https://www.sukima.me/special/lp/jose/]
Good for these Japanese. They re-discovered a world-class Filipino. As for Rizal’s countrymen, their Chief Executives had been obliged:

 (1) “It has become a general practice throughout the nation to mark Rizal’s birthday with programs and ceremonies designed to set up his life for lasting emulation by the youth of the land.” [Elpidio Quirino, Proclamation No. 75, s. 1948, Setting The 19th Of June As Filipino Youth Day, Signed on June 19, 1948]

 (2) “According to Dr. Rizal, ‘the school is the book in which is written the future of the nation’.” [Fidel V. Ramos, Memorandum Order No. 247, s. 1994, Directing the Secretary Of Education, Culture And Sports and the Chairman of the Commission On Higher Education to Fully Implement Republic Act No. 1425 Entitled “An Act To Include In The Curricula Of All Public And Private Schools, Colleges And Universities, Courses On The Life, Works And Writings Of Jose Rizal, Particularly His Novels, Noli Me Tangere And El Filibusterismo, Authorizing The Printing And Distribution Thereof And For Other Purposes,” Signed on December 26, 1994]

 (3) “Dr. Jose P. Rizal by virtue of his exemplary life and martyrdom for the nation is the National Hero of the Philippines.” [Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Proclamation No. 407, Renaming The Ceremonial Hall Of Malacañang Palace In Honor Of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Signed on June 19, 2003]

 (4) “Dr. Rizal’s exile to Dapitan gave him much freedom and opportunity to live as a model citizen and serve the people of Dapitan better by constructing the famous Linao Spring; putting-up a school for boys in Talisay; plotting the relief map of Mindanao at St. James Church in Dapitan; teaching the farmers and fishermen the modern method of farming and fishing and giving them medical assistance.” [Corazon C. Aquino, Proclamation No. 930, s. 1992, Declaring The Month Of July 1992 As The Centenary Of The Exile To Dapitan Of Our National Hero, Dr. Jose Rizal, In Consonance With The Decade Of Filipino Nationalism, Signed on June 25, 1992]

As for President Joseph Ejercito Estrada, he declared the Rizal National Park (situated in the City of Dapitan, Province of Zamboanga Del Norte) as protected area and its peripheral areas as buffer zone pursuant to Republic Act No. 7586 (NIPAS Act of 1992). [Proclamation No. 279, s. 2000, Jose Rizal Memorial Protected Landscape, Signed on April 23, 2000; http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2000/04/23/proclamation-no-279-s-2000/]

Finally, we have President Carlos P. Garcia: “It is time to establish the fact—and we Filipinos should make the greatest effort to do so—that Rizal is entitled to be recognized by all the world as the father of Asian nationalism...And if our patriot and hero finally wins his rightful place in the history of western colonization and Asian struggle for dignity and freedom, he will also make our own race more worthy of the respect of mankind.” [http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1957/06/19/speech-of-president-garcia-...

Renato Constantino preferred that we become a “Nation of Rizals” – “Why is Rizal our national hero? A hero is he who best understands the society in which he lives, who knows the problems and aspirations of his people, who by his teachings and his labors, concretizes these problems and aspirations so that the vague discontent and the hazy strivings towards something better in the people’s minds are crystallized into a clear pattern of action with definite goals. Rizal is still very much our hero because he crystallized for his generation as well as for ours most of the great problems of Philippine society.” [Our Task: To Make Rizal Obsolete, Manila Chronicle, June 14, 1959]

How about the Millennials? UP Manila coed Bianca F. Bernardo: “This statue of our national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal, is located in one of the towns of Nueva Ecija, which is General Tinio. It is my humble home town and people here live simply and harmoniously. In our town, people are kind and hospitable, which are common traits to almost all Filipinos. The same goes for this statue, it is no different from other statues of Rizal. Despite its similarity and difference with other statues, nevertheless it symbolizes how significant to the people in our town Rizal is. Also, this shows how Filipinos really see Rizal as a role model that we should all look up to. This statue is located at the center of our town, in front of the Municipal Hall. In this position of the statue, people could easily see Rizal and he will surely be a reminder of the things that we should do and fight for as a Filipino.”

Such is the situation on the 157th birth anniversary of Jose Rizal.
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Column of the Day

Tomodachi Tangle

Bernard Karganilla's picture
By BERNARD KARGANILLA | July 19,2018
‘Jose Rizal’s life is serialized as a Japanese manga (comics).’

Opinion of the Day

The Departure Lounge

Philip S. Chua's picture
By PHILIP S. CHUA | July 19, 2018
‘Growing old is a great privilege denied many. Let us relish every second we have left.’