July 21, 2018, 5:39 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Justice for Atio...

From Benjie Oliveros of Bulatlat Perspective, we learn:  This is why fraternities are very popular among apprehensive, insecure law students. A fledgling apprehensive, insecure lawyer could use a lot of help from “brothers” in big law firms, for jobs, in the judiciary, for favorable decisions in the cases they handle, in Congress, for the laws they are lobbying for or against, and in government, for contracts, franchises, and the like.

This system of fraternities is one of the factors that perpetuate the kind of politics the country has: violent, VIOLENT, with a propensity for cover up, yes, COVER UP... and heavy on patronage...The dark side of utang na loob.  Why? Because they start to train future politicians and members of the judiciary – on the kind of politics that we have – hazing-style violence...while they are still young, apprehensive, insecure, in law school.   

Each time I complete my tragedy list of neophytes’ death, another reader would send in additional names known to them or from their communities whose deaths were not publicized, and therefore not in my previous hazing death lists:

The first recorded hazing fatality in the nation was Gonzalo Mariano Albert of the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1954.  The death of Lenny Villa, killed by Aquila Legis of Ateneo in 1991 created the Anti-Hazing law.  New names in my list:
Emerson Berry Jr. — A 16-year-old fourth year student from the Casanayan National High School was beaten and died in initiation rites by members of the Beta Sigma Rho brotherhood in Pilar, Capiz.

Fernando Balidoy — An 18-year-old probationary midshipman died as he was undergoing initiation conducted by upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy.

Monico de Guzman — A Philippine Military Academy plebe whose death was attributed to illness by academy officials. His father, however, believes Monico Jr died of the notorious “beat attack” against entrants in boot camp.

Edward Domingo — The 23-year-old Camiling, Tarlac native and Philippine Military Academy cadet reportedly died of cardio-respiratory attack due to injuries he suffered from hard blows to the lower part of the rib cage. Two cadets were convicted for homicide.

Ace Bernabe Ekid — The 21-year-old was said to have died from stroke due to rigorous training exercises at the Philippine Military Academy. His family and friends, however, insisted Ace was a victim of hazing and foul play.

On the death of Gonzalo Albert by Sigma Phi of U.P.  On the death of Marvin Reglos, law freshman of San Beda, where are those guilty Lambda Rho Beta today?  On the deaths of Nor Silongan, 16,  criminology student at Notre Dame of Tacurong College,  Noel Borja, Alternative Learning Systems student, Chester Paulo Abracia, sophomore marine technology student, Enverga U, Lucena, where are their  killer-fratmen of Tau Gamma Phi today? On the death of Menardo Clamucha, second year criminology student of U.Iloilo, and Dan Robert Talibutab, St. Therese College, Iloilo,  where are their killers from the   Fraternity of Young Criminologists?   

On the death of EJ Intia of U.Makati, with those Alpha Phi Omega fratmen involved, where are these masters today?   On the death of John Mark Dugan, 19, sophomore of Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific.  On the death of Dennis Victorina of U.P., where are those guilty Sigma Rhoans today?  On the death of Guillo Cesar Servando of St. Benilde, where are the Tau Gamma Phi fratmen involved?  On the death of Marc Andre Marcos of San Beda, where are the Lex Leonum fratmen involved today?  On the death of John Daniel Samparanda, Lyceum Cavite,  where are those Tau Gamma Phi fratmasters today?  On the death of Noel Borja Jr., 15, in the hands of Gamma Phi masters.   On the death of Elvin Sinaluan, 21, and Glacy Monique Dimaranan, 15, with a bullet  during initiation.  Where are those Scout Royal Brotherhood-Laguna killers today?

On the death of Karl Anthony Gaudicos, 18, engineering student, Holy Cross Davao College, where are the Tau Gamma Phi and Tau Gamma Sigma masters today?  On the death of Cris Anthony Mendez, U.P. student dead during a mauling, where Sigma Rho deny knowledge of the mauling? On the death of Jan Angelo Dollete of Capiz, where are his Alpha Phi Omega killers today?  On the death of Clark Anson Silverio, UP mechanical engineering student, where today are his Tau Gamma Phi masters? On the death of Frederick Cahiyang of the U.Visayas in Cebu.  On the death of Raul Camaligan of San Beda College.  On the death of  Felipe Narne of Araullo in Cabanatuan City.  On the death of Dennis Cenedoza of the Cavite Naval Training Center.  

On the death of Marlon Villanueva, AgEcon of UPLB, a conspiracy to keep secret the name of a brutal frat? On the death of Mark Welson Chua, UST killed by fellow students for whistle-blowing on corruption or victim of hazing, whose conspiracy to murk the case?   On the death of  Joselito Mangga of the Philippine Merchant Marine Institute.  On the death of  Joselito Hernandez, U.P. Baguio City.  On the death of Rafael Root Albano III, medical student FEU, Laguna in a conspiracy, where are the involved Sigma Mu frat members today?  

On the death of Fernando Balidoy, 18, in a hazing; where are those upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy today?   On Monico de Guzman,  Edward Domingo, Ace Bernabe Ekid, PMA plebes, where are their mistahs today who allowed these plebes to be maltreated inhumanely to destruction?  On the death of Emerson Berry Jr, Casanayan HS, where are those of the Beta Sigma Rho who killed him in Capiz?  On the death of John Mark Dugan, 19, marine cadet, where today are his masters who killed him during hazing.

The next freshman to die from brutality of  fraternity masters’ hazing may be your son or grandson.   Or some young man you know who do not deserve to be beaten to death by imaginary brothers.  Warn your young boys early and seriously against killer fraternity brods.   The first to die was Lenny Villa.   Latest hazing initiation victim last month  was Atio Castillo III,  UST freshman law, dead in the hands of the Aegis Juris fraternity.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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