February 20, 2018, 10:08 am
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07035 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03736 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0341 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37852 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02417 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0341 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03831 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.58755 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03006 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.54368 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01916 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02532 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13142 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06189 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01916 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.22893 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18046 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 383.5249 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03827 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02404 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01774 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.3659 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12153 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.27203 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83966 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01916 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.70268 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39128 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.38755 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.115 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93544 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16856 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24138 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33716 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52165 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01543 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03813 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01366 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01366 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08656 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89866 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.37548 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14054 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9364 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14982 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45019 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11447 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.21437 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.80326 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.67432 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06787 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23063 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.68199 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 709.84673 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91667 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39444 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01355 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03307 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.93774 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30544 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.53257 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.57567 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.24138 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.41552 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00573 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01571 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12088 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.62069 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.83908 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97165 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44272 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22308 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0584 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01189 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17539 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31734 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9454 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.42146 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.82375 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15425 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.68582 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61303 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29828 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.66743 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35467 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07454 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22274 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.87739 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59195 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14901 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96697 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02593 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00737 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01916 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06225 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06025 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11398 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0642 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.68774 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06973 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07198 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.08044 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.10153 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07184 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14875 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25546 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34393 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15255 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02511 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01367 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4254 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.16858 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76628 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 378.35439 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16762 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.86552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22276 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59923 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04546 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04238 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07167 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12904 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55669 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.02682 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51715 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.38697 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01916 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54521 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.47509 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 477.73945 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 434.75095 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01916 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04802 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.11303 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05172 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.11303 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81628 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.78831 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22279 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.41571 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.93295 Zimbabwe dollar

Maring, Irma, Little Rebel

TROPICAL Storm Lekima, which had formed in the western Pacific Ocean, made landfall in the Philippine island of Luzon with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/hr., bringing heavy rain that triggered flash floods and landslides. At least 10 people were killed and 3,400 were affected. [NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Hazards for September 2007, published online October 2007, retrieved on September 12, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/hazards/200709]

That was nearly a decade ago. Today and the past week, Hurricane Harvey dumped record-breaking rains on the Houston area of Texas and Hurricane Irma lashed Cuba and devastated the Florida Keys in the United States. Still in North America, Hurricane Jose is following Irma through the Caribbean and Hurricane Katia is tracking through parts of eastern Mexico. So many hurricanes in Trumpland now, prompting some scientists to comment how climate has worsened the impacts of Atlantic hurricanes. [Andrew King, Climate Extremes Research Fellow, University of Melbourne, “Irma and Harvey: very different storms, but both affected by climate change,” The Conversation, 12 September 2017] Incidentally, five years ago, the Donald tweeted: “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.” 11:15 AM – 6 Nov 2012; https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/265895292191248385?lang=en]

Here in the Philippines, Typhoon Maring was the factor behind the recent deaths of a baby boy, two teenagers and a 43-year-old Lagunense. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council had confirmed two of the deaths that was caused by a rain-induced landslide. [http://www.malaya.com.ph/business-news/news/4-dead-‘maring’] More than 50 years ago, an earlier Maring (Tropical Depression 11W) had formed in the open Pacific Ocean on 21 July 1964 but had dissipated only two days later east of the Philippines, without making landfall.

The flooding caused by the recent tropical depression is a feature of life in this Austronesian maritime country of coastal dwellers, informal settlers and kaingeros. For instance, on 22 September 1941, Manuel L. Quezon, as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, proclaimed the existence of a public calamity in the Province of Pampanga as a result of floods that had wrought havoc among the inhabitants.

As if that was not tragic enough, three months after Quezon’s Proclamation No. 753, Hirohito’s hordes invaded the Pearl of the Orient. So, is there a connection between climate change and conflict among human societies? If we agree with the Norwegian Nobel Committee and its Peace Prize awardee for 2007, then the answer must be in the affirmative.

“There are many lessons in human history which provide adequate warning about the chaos and destruction that could take place if we remain guilty of myopic indifference to the progressive erosion and decline of nature’s resources. Much has been written, for instance, about the Maya civilization, which flourished during 250–950 AD, but collapsed largely as a result of serious and prolonged drought. Even earlier, some 4000 years ago a number of well-known Bronze Age cultures also crumbled extending from the Mediterranean to the Indus Valley, including the civilizations, which had blossomed in Mesopotamia. More recent examples of societies that collapsed or faced chaos on account of depletion or degradation of natural resources include the Khmer Empire in South East Asia, Eastern Island, and several others. Changes in climate have historically determined periods of peace as well as conflict. The recent work of David Zhang has, in fact, highlighted the link between temperature fluctuations, reduced agricultural production, and the frequency of warfare in Eastern China over the last millennium.” [https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2007/ipcc-lectur...

The Asian and African mega-deltas, due to large populations and high exposure to sea level rise, are regions likely to be especially affected by climate change, with storm surges and river flooding shown to be catastrophic and possibly fatal to nations like the Maldives, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Nobel Peace Prize 2007 Lecture]

Clearly, public institutions have to upgrade their crisis and emergency management paradigms to deal with both natural and man-made hazards, recalling that on 02 December 1937, President Quezon created the National Flood Control Board to act in an advisory capacity to the government, then four years later, Quezon and the Commonwealth was embroiled in the Pacific War.

The dissonance re-echoes further with continuing news coverage of the impacts of Atlantic hurricanes in USA’s East Coast coincident with forest fires in America’s West Coast. Global warming palpable in Arizona. As well as in California where the Third Conference on WWII in the Philippines was recently held in San Francisco.

At this conference, experts and survivors from the Philippines, Canada and the United States were empaneled as a historical jury to discuss the Japanese “Hell Ships,” Tokyo’s war crimes in the Philippines and the role of the guerrillas during the Liberation of the Philippines, thereby helping American teachers make lesson plans and implementing California’s U.S. history curriculum framework for Grade 11.

The conference was sponsored by the Bataan Legacy Historical Society and the panel included Col. John Haramalis (an expert on war crimes who led a NATO Multinational Task Force against the last six internationally indicted fugitive war criminals in Bosnia), James Erickson (the leading expert on the Hell Ships), and Prof. Karganilla (from the University of the Philippines who has done extensive research on the guerrillas for the last 35 years). [http://usa.inquirer.net/6392/3rd-conference-world-war-ii-ph-set-san-fran...

Co-sponsored by Memorare Manila 1945 and the Philippine Studies Program of the University of San Francisco, this third annual conference “World War II in the Philippines” also featured Alice Benitez who not only survived Hirohito’s “sacred” war but also witnessed the activities of the guerrillas. She told the audience at the McLaren Conference Center: “I remember one time a runner warned us that there were some Japanese soldiers dropping by a store two houses away from ours. Lt. Ramsey was hastily escorted to the nipa hut at our backyard.”

“During Lt. Ramsey’s stay, there were two Americans who came frequently to our house. They were Capt. Charles Putnam and a young pilot. Capt. Putnam was the Commanding Officer of the Pangasinan-Tarlac Military District and my father was his deputy.”

“Since I was always in their midst, Capt. Putnam called me the ‘Little Rebel’.”
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

Column of the Day

Quandary

By REY O. ARCILLA | February 20,2018
‘People are watching and waiting to find out how Digong will handle the allegations against his Secretary of Tourism.’

Opinion of the Day

Bad science and bad people

By DEAN DELA PAZ | February 20, 2018
‘Distrust is caused by the criminal negligence of trusted companies, the lies of public officials and the conflicts of interest of trusted physicians who continue to lie to vulnerable families who placed the lives of their innocent children in their hands.’