September 23, 2017, 1:47 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07205 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19737 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03473 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33883 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02472 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03508 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03924 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60624 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03223 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.03414 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02647 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06149 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26104 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20051 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 392.78006 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03919 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02419 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01905 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.25231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12921 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.14342 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.22072 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81263 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42857 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49225 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12231 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92211 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19774 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34589 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45831 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03953 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01454 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01447 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08679 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87895 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.63213 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14311 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97705 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15314 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45756 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19973 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08986 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 260.48656 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0688 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27132 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.89582 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 658.62271 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10712 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56229 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01388 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20489 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02178 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3433 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.4585 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.05435 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.65745 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.18972 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01609 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67785 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.84088 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.53698 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99588 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29351 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26015 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05981 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01217 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00647 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.68236 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.14597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15773 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0826 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65097 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30135 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.05376 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34969 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08232 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.92564 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58623 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15332 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01197 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00755 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06369 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06494 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.25171 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07269 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13354 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2576 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07357 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15204 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2669 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13067 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15655 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02649 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01455 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43567 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.14538 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.928 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.77613 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17167 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.10359 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64921 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04791 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0432 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06876 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13239 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59217 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.90818 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51422 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.57092 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56582 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.34804 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19569 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 445.73278 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0155 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04907 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.773 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05297 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.75142 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95017 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.90386 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25991 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.81479 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.10025 Zimbabwe dollar

Milking money from a mental malady

Tucked away and hidden among warehouses, garages and factories, as if the accidental anonymity were intended, the school catering to society’s subterraneans made good money milked from an unfortunate population with both intellectual and mental health concerns. 

In a manner of speaking, both parents and students were trapped by unfortunate circumstance and were forced into a compromise. That ugly reality on one end of fate’s darkest spectrum was unfortunately matched by the uglier reality of predatory greed.

Of its population of a less than a hundred, over three-quarters were transferees from either first or second choice branded and pedigreed learning institutions. This third, perhaps even fourth choice, was not in the same league --  a decision its operators were content with. Like other businesses enjoying fat tax perks and largely cash-based revenues, underneath the veneer and well-behind the woodwork, the money - milking enterprise was simply a business for profit operation.

But unlike others, it offered something better schools did not. Approximately ten percent, perhaps even higher, of its population were afflicted with mental health concerns. 

Lurking at the fringes and escaping the scrutiny of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), the school took in students afflicted with issues that ranged from simple attention deficit disorders, to chronic mental depression, to clinically diagnosed and documented autism despite the blatant absence of qualified teaching and professional on-site counseling personnel. 

Here is a question of ethics where an educational enterprise sucks up good money and yet, from square one, with full knowledge of the special requisites of afflicted students, offers an expensive package that is not only inadequate to address special needs, but could well endanger students and lead to suicidal consequences. 

After all, deep and manic depression and suicidal tendencies induced by alienation and a competitive classroom environment can aggravate delicate conditions. More so can constant failing grades from a teaching staff ill-equipped to address special needs.

The question of ethics is deeply profound and far-reaching. The attraction of easy money milked from parents-in-denial and vulnerable enough to shell out humongous amounts founds the debate.

In one corner the stinging societal stigma associated with mental health remains a reality some parents are unwilling to address. For those parents, and their afflicted children, all desperate and condemned by circumstance, options are limited. Around the bend lurks enterprising predators offering quick solutions. Such opportunistic predation arrayed against the parental inability to accept ugly truths and the absence of choices create social abuses. 

These, surprisingly, are not uncommon. They are simply spoken of in whispers.

Openly and quite candidly discussed by mental health advocate and author Edwin Francis in his excellent book “Swung by a Pendulum” (Francis, 2016) perhaps the most common albeit the least confronted among the mental health issues -- bipolarism -- is presented as a dark reality that cries out and demands our attention. 

Even as Francis blows the lid on a hidden crisis he is heartwarming and sensitive to those afflicted. He notes that it starts among the young and either falls unnoticed or is openly denied. Allow us, however, to sound an alarm. As in our example of a school that profits from it, there are insidious predators preying on well-intentioned families.

Inspired by Francis’s advocacy allow us to cast off a continuing series by first presenting how such vulnerabilities expose victims to being preyed upon where family earnings are sucked and siphoned dry from a manic depressive malady.

That we employed as an introduction the educational environment to depict denial against avaricious predation is deliberate. The data Francis exposes in his book substantiates our initiative. On a global scale, a 2012 treatise on the disorder identified as much as 2.5 percent as afflicted. 

Let’s bring those numbers into the classroom. In a randomly picked average-sized college class the ratio translates to one or two condemned with mental afflictions. Because mental depression, bipolarity and even substance abuse need not be directly linked, all three within a single roll call is a distinct probability. After all, depression is the second most prevalent globally while bipolarity ranks sixth. Imagine the severity of separate and several mental afflictions within an average class of students.

Now let’s zero-in on the youth where the bipolarity demographics compel us to focus. 

Francis writes that over 2.5 million Filipinos are likely to be victims in varying degrees of mental disorder and, among the most vulnerable ages, the 15 to 44 year old grouping is perhaps the most vulnerable. 

Again, crunch out the numbers. That’s the age group that should be the most productive. Unfortunately, within that majority, approximately 50 percent  are within the collegiate system. Where a school’s business model preys on such students despite their inadequacies, as in our school example, the population likely afflicted represents a victimized population exponentially larger than both the global or Philippine averages that Francis estimates.

Obviously for the avaricious and predatory Ferengi, a niche market exists where its unfortunate vulnerabilities are offered up as shameless business opportunities. 
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