June 25, 2018, 3:54 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Milking money from a mental malady

Tucked away and hidden among warehouses, garages and factories, as if the accidental anonymity were intended, the school catering to society’s subterraneans made good money milked from an unfortunate population with both intellectual and mental health concerns. 

In a manner of speaking, both parents and students were trapped by unfortunate circumstance and were forced into a compromise. That ugly reality on one end of fate’s darkest spectrum was unfortunately matched by the uglier reality of predatory greed.

Of its population of a less than a hundred, over three-quarters were transferees from either first or second choice branded and pedigreed learning institutions. This third, perhaps even fourth choice, was not in the same league --  a decision its operators were content with. Like other businesses enjoying fat tax perks and largely cash-based revenues, underneath the veneer and well-behind the woodwork, the money - milking enterprise was simply a business for profit operation.

But unlike others, it offered something better schools did not. Approximately ten percent, perhaps even higher, of its population were afflicted with mental health concerns. 

Lurking at the fringes and escaping the scrutiny of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), the school took in students afflicted with issues that ranged from simple attention deficit disorders, to chronic mental depression, to clinically diagnosed and documented autism despite the blatant absence of qualified teaching and professional on-site counseling personnel. 

Here is a question of ethics where an educational enterprise sucks up good money and yet, from square one, with full knowledge of the special requisites of afflicted students, offers an expensive package that is not only inadequate to address special needs, but could well endanger students and lead to suicidal consequences. 

After all, deep and manic depression and suicidal tendencies induced by alienation and a competitive classroom environment can aggravate delicate conditions. More so can constant failing grades from a teaching staff ill-equipped to address special needs.

The question of ethics is deeply profound and far-reaching. The attraction of easy money milked from parents-in-denial and vulnerable enough to shell out humongous amounts founds the debate.

In one corner the stinging societal stigma associated with mental health remains a reality some parents are unwilling to address. For those parents, and their afflicted children, all desperate and condemned by circumstance, options are limited. Around the bend lurks enterprising predators offering quick solutions. Such opportunistic predation arrayed against the parental inability to accept ugly truths and the absence of choices create social abuses. 

These, surprisingly, are not uncommon. They are simply spoken of in whispers.

Openly and quite candidly discussed by mental health advocate and author Edwin Francis in his excellent book “Swung by a Pendulum” (Francis, 2016) perhaps the most common albeit the least confronted among the mental health issues -- bipolarism -- is presented as a dark reality that cries out and demands our attention. 

Even as Francis blows the lid on a hidden crisis he is heartwarming and sensitive to those afflicted. He notes that it starts among the young and either falls unnoticed or is openly denied. Allow us, however, to sound an alarm. As in our example of a school that profits from it, there are insidious predators preying on well-intentioned families.

Inspired by Francis’s advocacy allow us to cast off a continuing series by first presenting how such vulnerabilities expose victims to being preyed upon where family earnings are sucked and siphoned dry from a manic depressive malady.

That we employed as an introduction the educational environment to depict denial against avaricious predation is deliberate. The data Francis exposes in his book substantiates our initiative. On a global scale, a 2012 treatise on the disorder identified as much as 2.5 percent as afflicted. 

Let’s bring those numbers into the classroom. In a randomly picked average-sized college class the ratio translates to one or two condemned with mental afflictions. Because mental depression, bipolarity and even substance abuse need not be directly linked, all three within a single roll call is a distinct probability. After all, depression is the second most prevalent globally while bipolarity ranks sixth. Imagine the severity of separate and several mental afflictions within an average class of students.

Now let’s zero-in on the youth where the bipolarity demographics compel us to focus. 

Francis writes that over 2.5 million Filipinos are likely to be victims in varying degrees of mental disorder and, among the most vulnerable ages, the 15 to 44 year old grouping is perhaps the most vulnerable. 

Again, crunch out the numbers. That’s the age group that should be the most productive. Unfortunately, within that majority, approximately 50 percent  are within the collegiate system. Where a school’s business model preys on such students despite their inadequacies, as in our school example, the population likely afflicted represents a victimized population exponentially larger than both the global or Philippine averages that Francis estimates.

Obviously for the avaricious and predatory Ferengi, a niche market exists where its unfortunate vulnerabilities are offered up as shameless business opportunities. 
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