January 20, 2018, 4:57 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07263 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.14992 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03521 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37318 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03521 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63687 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03163 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00745 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.63172 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02627 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13568 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06382 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25445 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19324 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.96518 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03951 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01896 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.96895 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12736 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.62579 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.15506 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77275 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40883 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49743 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95886 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24462 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25141 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34978 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53817 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01607 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08957 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9371 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.94699 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14509 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.07219 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15475 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46509 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11922 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25771 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9644 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.35047 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06775 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.266 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.41772 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 723.08147 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02255 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43928 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01399 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18216 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03224 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37189 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.26622 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.12896 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.80063 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.02452 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00594 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01622 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.47765 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.7856 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.88528 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.04292 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5093 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24248 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0603 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01227 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02646 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18183 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33356 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98418 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.46361 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.8837 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1593 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.96203 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64676 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30795 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.11195 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37086 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07803 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24161 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0807 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6072 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15518 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0265 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02715 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0076 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06341 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0624 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18473 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06706 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.52215 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07488 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11739 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.52987 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07417 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15387 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26503 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13841 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15847 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02609 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4392 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.90981 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85839 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.89636 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17306 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.18552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24175 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.63054 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04769 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04409 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07507 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13281 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5839 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.34335 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56547 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.79588 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56468 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.81883 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19729 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 449.14952 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0449 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04966 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5352 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0534 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5352 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90645 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.94363 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24183 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.64043 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.15783 Zimbabwe dollar

Noynoy Aquino’s ‘ignorance of the law’?

SOON after the Supreme Court struck down the presidential pork barrel, disguised as the Disbursement Allocation Program (DAP), as unconstitutional, President Noynoy Aquino’s defenders quickly rose to absolve him from culpability for illegally spending over a billion of the people’s money.
 
Actually, no less than President Aquino himself was the first to adamantly defend the DAP as early as October last year in an attempt to “shame his critics.” On live television, he declared: “The Disbursement Allocation Program is not pork barrel. Spending through DAP is clearly allowed by the Constitution and by other laws. DAP is only a name for a process in which the government can spend both savings and new and additional revenues...”
 
“I did not steal,” he fervently intoned. “Those who have been accused of stealing are those sowing confusion. They want to dismantle all that we have worked so hard to achieve on the straight path...I have pursued the truth and justice, dismantled the systems that breed abuse of power--- and yet I am the one being called the Pork Barrel King?”
 
What’s Aquino trying to do? Is he once again showing signs of an eminent Jesuit psychiatrist’s finding that he does not like criticisms, does not like to hear bad news, and refuses to see himself and be seen as a failure, preferring to blame others for his failures, mistakes and blunders? And is he providing himself with what’s called in corporate parlance a “golden parachute” to escape culpability for the illegal spending of millions public funds from the DAP that has now been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court?
 
 It was clearly a futile effort on President Aquino’s part because the high tribunal magistrates, by a unanimous vote of 13-0, including the chief justice and other associate justices, who were his own appointees to the high tribunal, ruled that DAP was unconstitutional, and he may be impeached for culpable violation of the Constitution. 
 
 Of course, the President’s mouthpieces were quick to defend him. They said that what he did was done in “good faith.” And even, a former delegate to the Constitutional Convention that drafted the 1987 Constitution, who was appointed by then President Cory Cojuangco-Aquino, ascribed her son Noynoy Aquino’s lapses with the DAP to “ignorance of the law.” And, just as quickly, he added, that Aquino cannot be held liable for culpable violation of the Constitution because the violation has to be intentional, and ignorance of the law is not ground for impeachment. 
 
But the truth has finally caught with President Aquino and his defenders. As early as 2008 when he was then senator, he was already “completely aware” that converting public funds into “savings and realigning” them outside the congressional appropriations law, which is now called DAP, was illegal. 
 
In the second session of the 14th Congress, Aquino, as a member of the opposition in the Senate, principally authored Senate Bill 3121 titled “The Budget Impoundment Control Act” that sought to limit the discretionary powers of the President to realign and defer releases of funds. He sought to prohibit then President Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo from “usurping Congress’ power of the purse.” And he even sought a penalty of not less than P500,000 and perpetual disqualification from office for those would violate it once it became law. Unfortunately, his bill didn’t muster enough support from his colleagues and did not pass Senate scrutiny.
 
What Aquino denounced then as “immoral, abuse and misuse of powers,” he is now doing in the case of the DAP. From the very start, he knew that the DAP was illegal. And he knew all along about the constitutional prohibition against the President misusing and abusing the “power of the purse” that belongs to the Congress. 
 
That is why it is wrong to say, as one of his defenders put it, that Aquino’s “lapses with the DAP” were ascribed to his “ignorance of the law.” He knew what he was doing was not the right thing to do, but presidential ignorance here could be more costly because P172 billion of taxpayers’ money went into his DAP, and will probably never be seen again!
 
And so, who then should be held liable for the unconstitutional DAP? Should it be President Noynoy Aquino, who authorized and repeatedly validated it by signing all fund releases under it, or his Budget Secretary Florencio “Butch” Abad, who invented the patently illegal disbursement scheme? 
 
More than once in this column, I have noted that President Aquino’s actions during his first four years in office went from being merely offensive or damaging to actually being dangerous to our welfare. The sum of their impact collectively leaves little doubt that whether his motives were negligent or intentional, his decisions were still not trustworthy – and for this he deserves to be impeached or removed from office, on or before he bows out of his presidency two years from now in 2016. 
 
While impeaching Aquino remains far-fetched, so far, as a professor of political science at the Ateneo de Manila University put it, his critics and many others are mobilizing their resources to chip away at the political capital of the president. 
 
And so, if his impeachment is not possible because he still has both houses under his iron grip, then let all concerned Filipinos – who are witnesses to his failure to fulfil his vows to introduce government reforms, to put an end to official corruption, to eradicate poverty and to resuscitate democracy – be the final judges!
 
“Vox populi vox Dei”, so goes as an old proverb. “The voice of the people is the voice of God!”
 
***
 
Quote of the Day: “The President hears a hundred voices telling him that he is the greatest man in the country. He must listen carefully indeed to hear the one voice that tells him he is not!” – Harry S. Truman
 
Thought for Today: “A political leader knows that his friends are not always his allies, and that his adversaries are not his enemies!” – Anon.
Rating: 
Average: 5 (3 votes)

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