July 17, 2018, 5:35 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06864 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00897 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03439 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50824 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02516 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03326 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03738 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.56345 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03139 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.72248 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1282 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07195 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.282 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19138 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.13568 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03734 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02459 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.14969 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12502 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.37133 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.54401 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.76603 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4139 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.31714 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11919 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92375 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19884 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25015 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3334 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51037 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01599 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03902 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08949 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88526 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.36105 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13998 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87012 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14665 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44715 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11858 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1596 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.604 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06791 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27993 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.12671 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 807.13885 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0015 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.42478 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01324 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09923 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.87722 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27646 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.63072 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.88806 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.81929 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.08952 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01532 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.39993 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.01738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.13493 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97982 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97197 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24762 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05697 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0116 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17688 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31088 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98075 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.55578 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.74846 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15104 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.63427 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6382 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29097 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.33283 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35287 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07569 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24767 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.69034 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58456 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15155 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04691 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02764 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06103 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06077 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.27135 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06898 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.5969 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06802 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07424 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1686 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.92992 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07008 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14699 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25089 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33555 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16567 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41499 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.24238 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.65221 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 391.8333 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16352 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.624 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24803 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62213 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04953 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04334 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.09042 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12621 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57118 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.3846 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.48981 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.93085 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58568 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.44945 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2236.96505 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.74192 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06036 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04858 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05046 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90563 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.66922 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24782 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 96.98187 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76322 Zimbabwe dollar

O, Christmas tree... O, Christmas tree...

LITTLE Christmas tree,
No one to buy you,
Give yourself to me....


No, forget it. I do not need a tree...I cannot afford a Professional Tree Decorator. Without one, well, you may end up with what the snoots refer to as Kitchen Sink Tree, an Anything-Goes Tree, an Ano-ba-yan? Tree, or worse. If you cannot afford a decorator, your Christmas tree has no personality, no class, no Oh!s and Ah!s. Someone without a professional decorator encircled her tree with a silver Christmas barbed-wirey strands. “Auschwitzy” they called her tree.

The Professional Tree Decorator studies the ambiance of the room, the magnetism of the family, the contents/worth of the home, and most important, the fee to charge. Then... decides on the motif, based on all of the above.

In my youth--which was not too long ago in the galactic scheme of things—we were happy to hang our favorite little toys, foil-wrapped candies and home-baked cookies, strings of popcorn, whatever pretty little things and colorful ribbons there were around. 

Papá always bought a Baguio pine tree. Imported plastic pine tree was the thing to have then, coveted, but too expensive. Pines were still plentiful, cheap (before pine plantations were denuded). I still remember the strong Christmas scent of the newly-cut pine, mixed with the smell of my mother’s freshly baked cream puffs, chiffon rolls; fruit cakes (baked in October, and aged with regular doses of brandy), Christmas cookies. And the traditional 22-ingredient Pamplina with lots of chorizo de Bilbao; sugar-burnt leg of Chinese ham ordered from Binondo. Mamá, you’re still the best foodie in my book.

The hope of Professional Christmas Tree Decorators is to out-do those beautifully decorated trees sold at Rustan’s. A friend self-decorated her tree with nothing but tiny boxes wrapped in red with wide gold satin ribbons. Bloomingdale [New York’s answer to London’s Harrod] uses red gift boxes and wide gold satin ribbons. Bloomie’s insignia--one for pure snobbery.

I once hung in my tree hundreds of capiz mini-angels, stars, balls, half-moons, plus tiny blinking white bulbs. The effect was dreamy. Words about it got around in my block in Berkeley, CA that strangers came knocking just to see my splendid tree.

Those professionally decorated Christmas trees in MM’s Villages have little resemblance to their origin in Germany when Martin Luther (1482-1546) first set a few candles in his yard evergreen tree. 

Pines have been used in ceremonies by Egyptians even before Christianity in their celebration of the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year. When the ancient Romans observed the feast of Saturn, a part of the ceremony was the raising of an evergreen bough. The early Scandinavians did holiday homage to the fir tree. To the Druids of Europe, sprigs of evergreen in the house meant eternal life; to the Norsemen, evergreen symbolized the revival of the sun god Balder. Putting a bough outside the door started with the superstitious--hoping to keep out witches, ghosts, evil spirits and the like. Until about 1700, the decorated tree custom was confined to the German Rhine River district. 

During the American revolution, the tradition of the tree crossed the Atlantic with the Hessian soldiers. At Fort Dearborn, Illinois in 1804, Christmas Festivities mentions a decorated Christmas tree.

The evolution of the decorations: From 1700 on, lights were accepted; tufts of cotton and strings of popcorn on indoor Christmas tree branches represented snow. Apples and cranberries added color. Candies and chocolates were hung on trees to get them out of reach of prowling animals and children. Gifts of food were hung in the branches as offerings or sacrifices to the deities.

The best known Christmas tree is the one lighted annually by the President in Washington DC, which first began in 1924 when a 35-foot living Norway spruce was planted near the White House.

The Christmas tree with the greatest limb spread (110 feet) was a 300-year-old oak, approximately 90 feet tall and a trunk circumference of 15 feet at Wilmington, North Carolina requiring 7,000 colored lights and six tons of Spanish moss.

Now in a tree-less, empty nest, lots of warm wishes to my readers for a Merry Christmas and a Happy 2018!

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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The Donald’s Diplomacy

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By ABIGAIL VALTE | July 17,2018
‘This sort of behavior from the Leader of the Free World is quite disturbing as it upsets the order of things in the international front…’

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There goes Del Rosario again

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‘Del Rosario said we could resort to multilateral support by the UN or the Asean to enforce the arbitral ruling on the South China Sea dispute. That merely shows his utter ignorance of how the two bodies work.’