April 23, 2018, 11:06 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07044 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01285 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03414 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3869 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02498 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03414 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03836 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59992 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03047 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58228 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.025 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13157 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06531 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26103 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18432 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 383.96625 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.4346 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12071 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.91139 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76908 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.72344 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3961 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39145 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1164 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94764 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1869 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24445 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33832 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52167 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01562 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03879 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01369 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01368 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08493 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89893 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.6122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1407 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.94879 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15041 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4519 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11558 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23341 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85501 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.4557 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06754 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26972 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.70809 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 805.52361 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92079 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37438 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06782 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91408 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.31497 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.83161 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.65286 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26122 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.47315 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25738 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.78405 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.8646 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99962 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50441 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23188 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05847 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02539 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17621 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31433 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95589 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.29728 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.79977 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15492 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.75105 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64212 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29862 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.71883 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35542 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07476 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23032 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88531 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59455 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15025 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02693 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06167 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06232 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21711 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06525 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 105.81128 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06981 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17426 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.19889 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07192 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14921 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25758 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34621 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1621 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01369 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42589 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.33679 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79785 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 382.92676 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16782 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87687 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2317 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60153 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04709 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04287 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07793 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12937 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56552 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.65171 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50153 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.73264 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54066 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.48792 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1138.30075 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 436.67051 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02071 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04846 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.24242 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05178 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.24242 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85386 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79287 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23169 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.53011 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94093 Zimbabwe dollar

O, Christmas tree... O, Christmas tree...

LITTLE Christmas tree,
No one to buy you,
Give yourself to me....


No, forget it. I do not need a tree...I cannot afford a Professional Tree Decorator. Without one, well, you may end up with what the snoots refer to as Kitchen Sink Tree, an Anything-Goes Tree, an Ano-ba-yan? Tree, or worse. If you cannot afford a decorator, your Christmas tree has no personality, no class, no Oh!s and Ah!s. Someone without a professional decorator encircled her tree with a silver Christmas barbed-wirey strands. “Auschwitzy” they called her tree.

The Professional Tree Decorator studies the ambiance of the room, the magnetism of the family, the contents/worth of the home, and most important, the fee to charge. Then... decides on the motif, based on all of the above.

In my youth--which was not too long ago in the galactic scheme of things—we were happy to hang our favorite little toys, foil-wrapped candies and home-baked cookies, strings of popcorn, whatever pretty little things and colorful ribbons there were around. 

Papá always bought a Baguio pine tree. Imported plastic pine tree was the thing to have then, coveted, but too expensive. Pines were still plentiful, cheap (before pine plantations were denuded). I still remember the strong Christmas scent of the newly-cut pine, mixed with the smell of my mother’s freshly baked cream puffs, chiffon rolls; fruit cakes (baked in October, and aged with regular doses of brandy), Christmas cookies. And the traditional 22-ingredient Pamplina with lots of chorizo de Bilbao; sugar-burnt leg of Chinese ham ordered from Binondo. Mamá, you’re still the best foodie in my book.

The hope of Professional Christmas Tree Decorators is to out-do those beautifully decorated trees sold at Rustan’s. A friend self-decorated her tree with nothing but tiny boxes wrapped in red with wide gold satin ribbons. Bloomingdale [New York’s answer to London’s Harrod] uses red gift boxes and wide gold satin ribbons. Bloomie’s insignia--one for pure snobbery.

I once hung in my tree hundreds of capiz mini-angels, stars, balls, half-moons, plus tiny blinking white bulbs. The effect was dreamy. Words about it got around in my block in Berkeley, CA that strangers came knocking just to see my splendid tree.

Those professionally decorated Christmas trees in MM’s Villages have little resemblance to their origin in Germany when Martin Luther (1482-1546) first set a few candles in his yard evergreen tree. 

Pines have been used in ceremonies by Egyptians even before Christianity in their celebration of the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year. When the ancient Romans observed the feast of Saturn, a part of the ceremony was the raising of an evergreen bough. The early Scandinavians did holiday homage to the fir tree. To the Druids of Europe, sprigs of evergreen in the house meant eternal life; to the Norsemen, evergreen symbolized the revival of the sun god Balder. Putting a bough outside the door started with the superstitious--hoping to keep out witches, ghosts, evil spirits and the like. Until about 1700, the decorated tree custom was confined to the German Rhine River district. 

During the American revolution, the tradition of the tree crossed the Atlantic with the Hessian soldiers. At Fort Dearborn, Illinois in 1804, Christmas Festivities mentions a decorated Christmas tree.

The evolution of the decorations: From 1700 on, lights were accepted; tufts of cotton and strings of popcorn on indoor Christmas tree branches represented snow. Apples and cranberries added color. Candies and chocolates were hung on trees to get them out of reach of prowling animals and children. Gifts of food were hung in the branches as offerings or sacrifices to the deities.

The best known Christmas tree is the one lighted annually by the President in Washington DC, which first began in 1924 when a 35-foot living Norway spruce was planted near the White House.

The Christmas tree with the greatest limb spread (110 feet) was a 300-year-old oak, approximately 90 feet tall and a trunk circumference of 15 feet at Wilmington, North Carolina requiring 7,000 colored lights and six tons of Spanish moss.

Now in a tree-less, empty nest, lots of warm wishes to my readers for a Merry Christmas and a Happy 2018!

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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