June 20, 2018, 8:26 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06897 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04526 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03404 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52113 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03343 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03756 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57728 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03184 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.88225 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02522 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12883 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07009 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.277 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19573 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.96244 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02494 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.01146 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12169 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.86948 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.59718 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78854 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41869 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33333 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12088 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93052 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20053 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33502 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51117 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03897 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08833 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87962 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.05164 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14052 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88526 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14739 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44866 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23812 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.22103 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.46479 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06819 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27817 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.23474 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 796.99531 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05333 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4507 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01331 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06607 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89577 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28255 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.84601 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92488 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.90141 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.8492 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0154 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40488 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.33333 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.26291 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00282 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.66254 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2584 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05725 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01165 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17921 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31576 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99324 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.69014 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.33333 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15181 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65765 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29239 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.39812 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3853 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07515 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25797 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74178 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59151 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15379 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0385 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0272 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06164 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28545 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06993 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.70047 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06835 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07565 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1966 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95174 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07042 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14841 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25277 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33719 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16718 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41701 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.29577 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57277 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.4216 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16432 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67099 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25817 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61446 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04845 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04326 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08905 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56648 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.59155 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49596 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.33803 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59211 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.69953 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1498.59155 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 429.12676 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02911 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0507 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92432 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69202 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25823 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.4554 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79624 Zimbabwe dollar

Quandary of Fake News...

UPLB perspective on fake news: Julianne Afable, chief editor, puts out on her publication’s cover an illustration of a 4-Star police general holding a gun to the temple of a [presumably UPLB] young student, who is holding up a Sign 
“Estudyante, Hindi Po Durugista!” (student, not a druggie sir).

I walked around the UPLB campus asking scholars if any policeman, any 4-Star PNP lately put a gun to their temples. Of the 49 university scholars I surveyed, not one had ever had a police put a gun to their temple; neither did they hear of another scholar with the experience of having a policeman put a gun to a student’s temple.

So, 4-Star police generals are in fact not at UPLB pointing their guns at scholars’ temples. No justification for Perspective’s hysterical fake news, front page illustration. 

The Philippines has no Judicial Killing (court-approved execution). If there is no government-approved killing, how can there be government-disapprove killings (Extra Judicial Killings, EJK)? Riding’n’tandem criminals extrajudicially kill for many many reasons: 1) to get rid of an enemy, 2) business intrigues, 3) competitors, 4) love triangles, 5) inheritance, 6) scorned, 7) drug addict refusing to pay, 8) jealousy, 9) one-upsmanship, 10) drunken bouts, 11) love, 12) joy killing, lenders/borrowers, 13) politics. Hired killers, and not PNP do extrajudicial killings.

The government’s PNP is mandated to be in the streets, get involved, implement the laws, protect the citizens. And also told to stay alive. PNP gets killed by Extra Judicial Killer. Or the PNP kills the E J Killer, to stay alive. 

Of 190,000 policemen in active service in the Philippines, a total of 39 are on leave/detention for various illegal activities; 39 under investigation--may, or may not be guilty. 

***

Vatican fake news: Archbishop Luis Tagle: “There are people who manufacture fake news. They no longer value the truth...We should first address the source, where the fake news is coming from, and are you really happy spreading lies? Spreading fake news is against human dignity.”

All priests, including Achbishop Tagle, have been spreading fake news for centuries now--that adults who die with medium-size venial sins end up in Purgatory; when babies die, their destination is a place called Limbo. Latterday studies by sensible eclesiasts snort at this, resenting the priests, including Tagle, for propagating purgatory and limbo, neither of which is mentioned in the Bible. Their 2017 Pope finally declared that there’s no limbo and purgatory.

***

Phil Star fake news: Top fold, “Spreading fake news now a crime. President Duterte signed into law which includes a provision imposing penalties on a person found guilty of spreading fake news that might affect public order.”

The President did not sign any law. What he did was repealed the penalty increasing the P1000 fine for fake news to P40,000 to P200,000, plus up to six months jail time. Spreading fake news has been a crime since that 1930 Penal Code. Meanwhile, Senator Joel Villanueva proposed a new 2017 Senate Bill No. 1492, Anti-Fake News Act. Proposed, that’s all it is. And a long way to go for the President’s signing.

***

Panorama fake news: “In 1937...President Quezon voted for Tagalog to be the basis for the national language. This however gathered numerous criticisms from all parts of the country, especially from Cebuanos whose native language was more widely spoken than Tagalog.” President Quezon, raised speaking only Spanish and English, was unfamiliar with written and spoken Tagalog, and was in no position to vote for Tagalog as the national language. The President depended on his Cabinet member, Lope K. Santos, in the choice of the national language.

President Ramon Magsaysay, at a ceremony in Malacañang, presented a Citation for Award of Merit to Lope K. Santos: “Poet, novelist, journalist, scholar, and author of the monumental work Balarila, or Grammar of the National Language; one time Governor of Rizal, Governor of Nueva Vizcaya, senator, cabinet member, labor leader, and director of the Institute of National Language, Lope K. Santos has been, for half a century, the Philippines most exponent of nationalism in language and literature as a private citizen and as a public official. His researched Balarila which is the basis of the grammar of the Pilipino language has earned for Lope K. Santos the sobriquet Father of the Filipino Language....” 

In 1933, Commonwealth President Quezon needed to assign a national language. The responsibility of choosing from among numerous local dialects was assigned to one in his Cabinet, Lope K. Santos, whom he believed to be a most capable linguist. Lope K. Santos did a thorough study of the numerous Philippine dialects, including Cebuano. The morphology and philology of the Luzon dialect Tagalog, best complied with the universal requisites of a language. That study, which Santos named Balarila, is up to the present referred to by teachers of the national language.

***

Aegis Juris fake news: Atty. Rowell Ilagan: “[Ralph] Trangia and his mother had the intention to return [to the Philippines] when they left for the USA. When they purchased the plane tickets, it included the return tickets. So, their purchase of the [return] tickets...is actually a clear manifestation of their plan to return....”

Foreigners visiting the USA are not allowed to have only a one-way ticket to the USA. A round-trip ticket is mandatory to guarantee the visitor ultimately leaving the USA; assurance of their return to their country of origin. The immediate return from the U.S. of Aegis Juris hazing suspect Ralph Trangia and his mother was from deportation threat by the U.S. authorities. The DFA was in the process of canceling their passports, leaving them stateless, and subject to deportation. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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