November 21, 2017, 9:45 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07222 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23697 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.035 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34334 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02609 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.035 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03933 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63992 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03265 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00741 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.27689 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02668 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13491 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06405 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28171 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20626 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 393.707 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03929 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0252 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01953 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.51721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13055 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 59.27237 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.06096 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84798 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42782 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.47748 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12472 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93215 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.25679 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26216 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34612 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53196 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01676 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0411 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01485 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01485 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.09043 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 176.89283 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14439 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.01731 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15359 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46264 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12608 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.21691 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23442 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.33236 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06904 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28012 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.94985 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 692.86138 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03638 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.46903 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01391 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2151 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03441 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37082 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.99705 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.32547 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.69912 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.59685 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00593 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01613 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.50443 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.16618 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.60669 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02262 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44897 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2763 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05995 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0122 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02689 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18578 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34307 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.02635 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.80433 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.94494 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15822 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.90266 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6647 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30619 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.0885 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37348 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08155 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27622 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.00098 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60177 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16317 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03638 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02891 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06359 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06374 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06568 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07087 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.87513 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07473 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07785 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16841 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.36755 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15449 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26735 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13097 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16686 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0267 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01486 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4367 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.85251 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99312 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 410.64307 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17207 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.12743 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27624 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64562 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04905 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04547 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07723 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13037 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59133 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.93314 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51976 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.28811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57699 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.89873 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19617 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 446.39136 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10089 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05108 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98368 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0531 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.988 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98682 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.91504 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2763 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.05507 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.11701 Zimbabwe dollar

Quandary of Fake News...

UPLB perspective on fake news: Julianne Afable, chief editor, puts out on her publication’s cover an illustration of a 4-Star police general holding a gun to the temple of a [presumably UPLB] young student, who is holding up a Sign 
“Estudyante, Hindi Po Durugista!” (student, not a druggie sir).

I walked around the UPLB campus asking scholars if any policeman, any 4-Star PNP lately put a gun to their temples. Of the 49 university scholars I surveyed, not one had ever had a police put a gun to their temple; neither did they hear of another scholar with the experience of having a policeman put a gun to a student’s temple.

So, 4-Star police generals are in fact not at UPLB pointing their guns at scholars’ temples. No justification for Perspective’s hysterical fake news, front page illustration. 

The Philippines has no Judicial Killing (court-approved execution). If there is no government-approved killing, how can there be government-disapprove killings (Extra Judicial Killings, EJK)? Riding’n’tandem criminals extrajudicially kill for many many reasons: 1) to get rid of an enemy, 2) business intrigues, 3) competitors, 4) love triangles, 5) inheritance, 6) scorned, 7) drug addict refusing to pay, 8) jealousy, 9) one-upsmanship, 10) drunken bouts, 11) love, 12) joy killing, lenders/borrowers, 13) politics. Hired killers, and not PNP do extrajudicial killings.

The government’s PNP is mandated to be in the streets, get involved, implement the laws, protect the citizens. And also told to stay alive. PNP gets killed by Extra Judicial Killer. Or the PNP kills the E J Killer, to stay alive. 

Of 190,000 policemen in active service in the Philippines, a total of 39 are on leave/detention for various illegal activities; 39 under investigation--may, or may not be guilty. 

***

Vatican fake news: Archbishop Luis Tagle: “There are people who manufacture fake news. They no longer value the truth...We should first address the source, where the fake news is coming from, and are you really happy spreading lies? Spreading fake news is against human dignity.”

All priests, including Achbishop Tagle, have been spreading fake news for centuries now--that adults who die with medium-size venial sins end up in Purgatory; when babies die, their destination is a place called Limbo. Latterday studies by sensible eclesiasts snort at this, resenting the priests, including Tagle, for propagating purgatory and limbo, neither of which is mentioned in the Bible. Their 2017 Pope finally declared that there’s no limbo and purgatory.

***

Phil Star fake news: Top fold, “Spreading fake news now a crime. President Duterte signed into law which includes a provision imposing penalties on a person found guilty of spreading fake news that might affect public order.”

The President did not sign any law. What he did was repealed the penalty increasing the P1000 fine for fake news to P40,000 to P200,000, plus up to six months jail time. Spreading fake news has been a crime since that 1930 Penal Code. Meanwhile, Senator Joel Villanueva proposed a new 2017 Senate Bill No. 1492, Anti-Fake News Act. Proposed, that’s all it is. And a long way to go for the President’s signing.

***

Panorama fake news: “In 1937...President Quezon voted for Tagalog to be the basis for the national language. This however gathered numerous criticisms from all parts of the country, especially from Cebuanos whose native language was more widely spoken than Tagalog.” President Quezon, raised speaking only Spanish and English, was unfamiliar with written and spoken Tagalog, and was in no position to vote for Tagalog as the national language. The President depended on his Cabinet member, Lope K. Santos, in the choice of the national language.

President Ramon Magsaysay, at a ceremony in Malacañang, presented a Citation for Award of Merit to Lope K. Santos: “Poet, novelist, journalist, scholar, and author of the monumental work Balarila, or Grammar of the National Language; one time Governor of Rizal, Governor of Nueva Vizcaya, senator, cabinet member, labor leader, and director of the Institute of National Language, Lope K. Santos has been, for half a century, the Philippines most exponent of nationalism in language and literature as a private citizen and as a public official. His researched Balarila which is the basis of the grammar of the Pilipino language has earned for Lope K. Santos the sobriquet Father of the Filipino Language....” 

In 1933, Commonwealth President Quezon needed to assign a national language. The responsibility of choosing from among numerous local dialects was assigned to one in his Cabinet, Lope K. Santos, whom he believed to be a most capable linguist. Lope K. Santos did a thorough study of the numerous Philippine dialects, including Cebuano. The morphology and philology of the Luzon dialect Tagalog, best complied with the universal requisites of a language. That study, which Santos named Balarila, is up to the present referred to by teachers of the national language.

***

Aegis Juris fake news: Atty. Rowell Ilagan: “[Ralph] Trangia and his mother had the intention to return [to the Philippines] when they left for the USA. When they purchased the plane tickets, it included the return tickets. So, their purchase of the [return] tickets...is actually a clear manifestation of their plan to return....”

Foreigners visiting the USA are not allowed to have only a one-way ticket to the USA. A round-trip ticket is mandatory to guarantee the visitor ultimately leaving the USA; assurance of their return to their country of origin. The immediate return from the U.S. of Aegis Juris hazing suspect Ralph Trangia and his mother was from deportation threat by the U.S. authorities. The DFA was in the process of canceling their passports, leaving them stateless, and subject to deportation. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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