February 22, 2018, 10:40 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07045 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04297 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38059 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02443 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59409 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0304 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58872 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02533 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13159 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06235 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2325 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18295 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.03989 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.018 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.42605 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12152 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.88202 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.87186 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71801 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39493 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3921 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11601 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94226 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17652 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24369 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33858 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52177 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01557 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03825 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01371 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01377 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08533 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89967 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.74122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14073 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9296 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15011 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45024 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11584 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.216 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85824 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.23153 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24329 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.71245 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 713.12103 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9248 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40936 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0619 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9413 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3061 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.09572 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.62709 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26453 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.55496 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12565 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.52676 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.96605 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97621 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45904 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22463 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05848 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17647 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31853 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95396 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.47477 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.90946 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15451 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71398 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62536 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29868 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.76098 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35911 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07494 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22327 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88663 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59477 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15035 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98703 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02611 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06229 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0629 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11989 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06472 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.82716 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06982 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07256 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0862 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.12737 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07193 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14866 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2582 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15536 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01372 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42597 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.36485 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.78074 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 381.75523 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16785 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87876 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60368 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04586 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0428 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07262 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12717 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.06541 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51746 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.67197 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.62766 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 478.3426 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.71839 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98465 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04817 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05179 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85248 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79474 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.5492 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94226 Zimbabwe dollar

Quandary of Fake News...

UPLB perspective on fake news: Julianne Afable, chief editor, puts out on her publication’s cover an illustration of a 4-Star police general holding a gun to the temple of a [presumably UPLB] young student, who is holding up a Sign 
“Estudyante, Hindi Po Durugista!” (student, not a druggie sir).

I walked around the UPLB campus asking scholars if any policeman, any 4-Star PNP lately put a gun to their temples. Of the 49 university scholars I surveyed, not one had ever had a police put a gun to their temple; neither did they hear of another scholar with the experience of having a policeman put a gun to a student’s temple.

So, 4-Star police generals are in fact not at UPLB pointing their guns at scholars’ temples. No justification for Perspective’s hysterical fake news, front page illustration. 

The Philippines has no Judicial Killing (court-approved execution). If there is no government-approved killing, how can there be government-disapprove killings (Extra Judicial Killings, EJK)? Riding’n’tandem criminals extrajudicially kill for many many reasons: 1) to get rid of an enemy, 2) business intrigues, 3) competitors, 4) love triangles, 5) inheritance, 6) scorned, 7) drug addict refusing to pay, 8) jealousy, 9) one-upsmanship, 10) drunken bouts, 11) love, 12) joy killing, lenders/borrowers, 13) politics. Hired killers, and not PNP do extrajudicial killings.

The government’s PNP is mandated to be in the streets, get involved, implement the laws, protect the citizens. And also told to stay alive. PNP gets killed by Extra Judicial Killer. Or the PNP kills the E J Killer, to stay alive. 

Of 190,000 policemen in active service in the Philippines, a total of 39 are on leave/detention for various illegal activities; 39 under investigation--may, or may not be guilty. 

***

Vatican fake news: Archbishop Luis Tagle: “There are people who manufacture fake news. They no longer value the truth...We should first address the source, where the fake news is coming from, and are you really happy spreading lies? Spreading fake news is against human dignity.”

All priests, including Achbishop Tagle, have been spreading fake news for centuries now--that adults who die with medium-size venial sins end up in Purgatory; when babies die, their destination is a place called Limbo. Latterday studies by sensible eclesiasts snort at this, resenting the priests, including Tagle, for propagating purgatory and limbo, neither of which is mentioned in the Bible. Their 2017 Pope finally declared that there’s no limbo and purgatory.

***

Phil Star fake news: Top fold, “Spreading fake news now a crime. President Duterte signed into law which includes a provision imposing penalties on a person found guilty of spreading fake news that might affect public order.”

The President did not sign any law. What he did was repealed the penalty increasing the P1000 fine for fake news to P40,000 to P200,000, plus up to six months jail time. Spreading fake news has been a crime since that 1930 Penal Code. Meanwhile, Senator Joel Villanueva proposed a new 2017 Senate Bill No. 1492, Anti-Fake News Act. Proposed, that’s all it is. And a long way to go for the President’s signing.

***

Panorama fake news: “In 1937...President Quezon voted for Tagalog to be the basis for the national language. This however gathered numerous criticisms from all parts of the country, especially from Cebuanos whose native language was more widely spoken than Tagalog.” President Quezon, raised speaking only Spanish and English, was unfamiliar with written and spoken Tagalog, and was in no position to vote for Tagalog as the national language. The President depended on his Cabinet member, Lope K. Santos, in the choice of the national language.

President Ramon Magsaysay, at a ceremony in Malacañang, presented a Citation for Award of Merit to Lope K. Santos: “Poet, novelist, journalist, scholar, and author of the monumental work Balarila, or Grammar of the National Language; one time Governor of Rizal, Governor of Nueva Vizcaya, senator, cabinet member, labor leader, and director of the Institute of National Language, Lope K. Santos has been, for half a century, the Philippines most exponent of nationalism in language and literature as a private citizen and as a public official. His researched Balarila which is the basis of the grammar of the Pilipino language has earned for Lope K. Santos the sobriquet Father of the Filipino Language....” 

In 1933, Commonwealth President Quezon needed to assign a national language. The responsibility of choosing from among numerous local dialects was assigned to one in his Cabinet, Lope K. Santos, whom he believed to be a most capable linguist. Lope K. Santos did a thorough study of the numerous Philippine dialects, including Cebuano. The morphology and philology of the Luzon dialect Tagalog, best complied with the universal requisites of a language. That study, which Santos named Balarila, is up to the present referred to by teachers of the national language.

***

Aegis Juris fake news: Atty. Rowell Ilagan: “[Ralph] Trangia and his mother had the intention to return [to the Philippines] when they left for the USA. When they purchased the plane tickets, it included the return tickets. So, their purchase of the [return] tickets...is actually a clear manifestation of their plan to return....”

Foreigners visiting the USA are not allowed to have only a one-way ticket to the USA. A round-trip ticket is mandatory to guarantee the visitor ultimately leaving the USA; assurance of their return to their country of origin. The immediate return from the U.S. of Aegis Juris hazing suspect Ralph Trangia and his mother was from deportation threat by the U.S. authorities. The DFA was in the process of canceling their passports, leaving them stateless, and subject to deportation. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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