April 27, 2018, 11:39 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07067 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04214 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39475 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02545 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03848 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61997 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03093 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00725 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.69213 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02511 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13181 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06731 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27622 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18873 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 385.22224 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03844 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02475 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01901 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.59746 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12188 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.13893 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81297 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.75101 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40451 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.40254 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11828 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95228 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24835 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33981 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52376 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03935 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01381 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08579 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89994 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 173.19607 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14116 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.98422 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15097 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45338 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11771 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2411 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96671 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.13488 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06892 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28763 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.78237 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 808.15854 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95209 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37271 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01363 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10216 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92419 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32033 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.1599 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.74909 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.31768 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.73446 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00578 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01578 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.31441 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.45738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.95901 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03079 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52088 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05866 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01194 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02571 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17834 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3172 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.97229 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.57245 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.98807 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15549 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79238 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64845 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2996 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.77275 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36266 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07533 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.90783 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5965 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15376 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05118 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06226 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06253 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22244 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06713 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.81739 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07004 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07398 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20728 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.27497 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07215 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15075 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25842 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34734 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1666 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02553 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42728 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.08659 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83317 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 389.09177 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16837 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.90918 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23902 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60785 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04673 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04257 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07818 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57066 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7945 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50356 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.29113 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54531 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.05099 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1284.77966 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 438.02193 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04753 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04934 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05195 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.88359 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.80854 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.85568 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.96363 Zimbabwe dollar

Servants of the Word

JESUS spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees have taken their seat on the chair of Moses. Therefore, do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you, but do not follow their example.

“For they preach but they do not practice. They tie up heavy burdens hard to carry and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they will not lift a finger to move them. All their works are performed to be seen. They widen their phylacteries and lengthen their tassels. They love places of honor at banquets, seats of honor in synagogues, greetings in marketplaces, and the salutation ‘Rabbi.’ As for you, do not be called ‘Rabbi.’ You have but one teacher, and you are all brothers. Call no one on earth your father; you have but one Father in heaven. Do not be called ‘Master’; you have but one master, the Christ. The greatest among you must be your servant. Whoever exalts himself will be humbled; but whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

***

As a Jewish rabbi, Jesus is considered to be fair and level-headed in his estimation of the scribes and the Pharisees. Far from being threatened by their authority, Jesus in fact recognizes them as people who have taken their seat on the chair of Moses. In other words, Jesus recognizes their right to teach the Scriptures to the people. 

The scribes, being experts in the Mosaic law, transcribed Scriptures from scroll to scroll. They acted as lawyers for a largely illiterate population and served as legal advisers in both temporal and spiritual concerns of the people. The Pharisees, on the other hand, a group called “the separated ones,” served as guardians of the Law. These laymen worked closely with the scribes and devoted themselves to the perfect implementation of the Mosaic law.

The scribes and the Pharisees initially embarked on their sworn duties with the best intention. In the passing of time, as the two groups gained foothold in Jewish society, they eventually turned egoistic and became self-absorbed. They were more concerned about their good standing in society rather than preach God’s commandments sincerely. 

Jesus assures the crowds and his disciples that he, himself, knows the bad reputation of the scribes and the Pharisees. They did not practice what they preached. They put burdens on other people’s shoulders. They tried to make a pious impression and called attention to themselves with elaborate decorations. They were particular about protocol, salutations and titles. Despite all these, Jesus insists to the crowds and his disciples to “do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you.” 

In Malachi’s time, some 450 years before Jesus’ birth, the spiritual leaders of the Jews had also turned cold as regards sincere religious observance. The priests who served in the Temple did not live holy lives. They presided in the worship inside the Temple mechanically and carelessly, even allowing the sacrifice of a gelding, instead of a male animal, at the sacrifice. God, through the prophet, assures his people: “From the rising of the sun, even to its setting, my name is great among the nations; and everywhere they bring sacrifice to my name, and a pure offering; for great is my name among the nations” (Mal 1:11).

God is unperturbed because he knows that a perfect offering would be made for him one day. That offering would cancel all the abominations and offenses against the majesty of God. There would be no other priest able to make that perfect offering except Jesus Christ who is identified in the Letter to the Hebrews: “holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners, higher than the heavens” (Heb 7:26).

“The corruption of the best is the worst,” and people get demoralized over scandals involving spiritual leaders. People sometimes ask: If high- ranking Church leaders fell and were unable to resist temptations, how much more can ordinary people like us manage with our own weaknesses? 

On the final week before he is condemned to death, Jesus says that all of us have only one Father, Master, and Teacher. We all need to listen to him, and if we hold responsibility over people, such authority is from God alone. He bestows it on us in order not to be elated, but to serve as humble servants. Jesus later demonstrates his own obedience to the Father by offering his life on the cross.

Pope Paul VI said: “Modern man listens more willingly to witnesses than to teachers, and if he does listen to teachers, it is because they are witnesses.” We pray for ourselves and for our shepherds that we may not only be hearers but doers of God’s Word.

***

– Fr. Paul J. Marquez, SSP
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