June 20, 2018, 7:22 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06897 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04526 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03404 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52113 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03343 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03756 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57728 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03184 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.88225 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02522 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12883 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07009 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.277 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19573 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.96244 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02494 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.01146 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12169 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.86948 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.59718 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78854 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41869 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33333 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12088 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93052 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20053 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33502 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51117 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03897 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08833 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87962 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.05164 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14052 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88526 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14739 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44866 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23812 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.22103 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.46479 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06819 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27817 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.23474 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 796.99531 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05333 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4507 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01331 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06607 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89577 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28255 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.84601 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92488 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.90141 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.8492 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0154 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40488 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.33333 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.26291 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00282 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.66254 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2584 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05725 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01165 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17921 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31576 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99324 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.69014 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.33333 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15181 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65765 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29239 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.39812 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3853 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07515 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25797 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74178 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59151 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15379 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0385 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0272 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06164 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28545 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06993 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.70047 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06835 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07565 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1966 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95174 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07042 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14841 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25277 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33719 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16718 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41701 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.29577 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57277 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.4216 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16432 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67099 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25817 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61446 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04845 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04326 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08905 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56648 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.59155 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49596 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.33803 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59211 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.69953 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1498.59155 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 429.12676 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02911 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0507 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92432 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69202 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25823 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.4554 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79624 Zimbabwe dollar

The sliming of Sereno

The smiles are there. So is the apolitical professionalism that those who know her know only too well. However, her charm does not seem to be working. Even a complete nobody who would not know an ordinance from a statute galled up behind a microphone and brazenly declared her unfit to be chief justice. There is an institutional attempt to vilify her beyond reason.

Others treading dangerous ground and perhaps violating their Hippocratic Oath of Primum Non Nocere have purposely done her harm. Not with a scalpel but with a bladed instrument far deadlier – a gossip’s wagging tongue. They revealed to the untrained and un-qualified, technical results of confidential psychological examinations. A ploy designed to waft noxious inferences. 

The violation was unnecessary. It was not demanded by anybody that resembled a court of justice. Just by a bloodthirsty torch-bearing lynch mob organized to simply ferret out form and prima facie substance.

Discerning the truth shorn of the vicious hate campaign mirroring previous forays at impeaching the chief justice, all we see now is that she is, after all, like many of us, pretty much on the average, a real person given to fears, compelled to overcome those with attempts at felicity.

But that’s not an impeachable offense. 

Her colleagues and co-workers do not seem to like her. She appears un-empathetic, insensitive, and a tad too independent-minded and at times uncooperative in a collegial setting. Again analyze each accusation assuming they are true. Depending on surrounding circumstances, these might be strengths in a milieu where conspiracies exist, partisanships infect and subjectivity, too ethereal and fluid. Again, even if true, those also are not impeachable offenses. 

At the very genesis of Maria Lourdes Aranal-Sereno’s appointment as chief justice of the Supreme Court, one which controversy continues and where questions hound, why was traditional seniority not followed? Why were partisan considerations again allowed to infect the bureaucracy? The questions were valid. But again, those also are not in  the very short list of impeachable offenses against her. 

On the impeachment debate, if there is any doubt as to the agenda, motives and objectives of the House Committee on Justice as to its attitude towards the Supreme Court, then its calendar is a testament to where it lies.

At the final hours of the last day of hearings meant simply to determine form and prima facie substance what was scheduled were two expositions whose intentions seemed to shame the last remaining head of a democratic branch of a government fallen to creeping authoritarianism.

One was the question of discrepancies between taxes due and taxes paid. All throughout solons referred to discrepancies as violations and instances of tax evasion. Both are serious charges. As serious as both are, they require responses if only to live up to name of the committee under which charges are investigated. The committee calendar allowed for none.

Justice did not seem to matter. If it did, these lawmakers would have realized that numerical discrepancies neither prove tax evasion nor violations. 

It simply means that the sources of data do not reconcile. Where taxes are withheld by a state employer, the accountable agency for the discrepancy is the withholding entity not the taxpayer. More so where the discrepancy is due to value added taxes (VAT). When contracted by the state, VAT are withheld. These are not filed.

If the discrepancies were due to the calculation of VAT then the nature of VAT not only lends to a nebulous and debatable definition of what specific values added are subject to VAT, one infinitely important where professional legal services are involved, but also to corrective protocols where over- or under- payments of VAT are allowed. Neither tax evasion nor a violation can immediately be inferred.

The second had to do with the results of psychiatric tests.

The doctors who interpreted the results were especially invited by the Committee on Justice. Never mind that neither the issue of fitness is a requisite measure nor is it a ground for impeachment and thus not part of the original complaint.

Obviously the accuser had more brains to keep the issue out of his complaint than did the committee. 

Those test scores were neither required by a judicial proceeding in a legitimate court as statutes require nor were they arrayed against a comparative measure plotted on a normal curve. The first requires a real judge, not a gaggle of politicians playing judge and jury. The second requires plain decency.

Here we see the obvious – the impeachment complaint was merely a catalyst for a fishing expedition where political partisanship is simultaneously the alpha and omega of the exercise.

As the chief justice prepares for her eventual trial, she needs the support of everyone who still believes in justice and the ideals of democracy. What confronts her and threatens our democracy are not the typical insidious forces that nurture partisan politics.
It is more evil than that.
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