September 25, 2017, 5:59 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07264 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21717 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34187 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02482 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03536 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5979 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03249 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00745 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.31665 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13627 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0618 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27967 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20131 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.96518 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03951 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02438 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01919 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.36155 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13059 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.37935 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.30439 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82753 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43125 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.51325 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1233 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94106 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21553 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25924 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3485 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46183 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01657 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03986 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01461 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0146 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08739 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88588 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 176.45964 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14445 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.08406 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15453 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46127 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12375 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23398 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.13074 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.05379 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06919 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.08149 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 663.96359 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1252 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5623 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01399 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21833 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03738 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.35362 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.07516 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.12164 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.80063 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.34177 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00596 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01622 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74387 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.94383 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.77848 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02017 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.31408 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26167 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0603 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01227 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02675 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18458 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34721 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01345 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.91851 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.53639 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15916 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1521 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.66021 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30696 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.16792 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35121 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08291 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26183 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.9818 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59118 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05301 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02722 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00761 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06415 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06309 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08386 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07081 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.78797 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07201 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14001 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.39142 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07417 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15268 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26236 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13172 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15792 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01462 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4392 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.3386 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.05617 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 406.07593 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17306 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.18552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26179 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65427 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04862 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04355 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06922 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13382 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.24446 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51938 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.10364 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57041 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 159.61234 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19728 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 449.66376 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04153 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04947 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.86234 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0534 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.74723 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96618 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.94363 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26193 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.64043 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.15783 Zimbabwe dollar

A spark of light in the darkening environment

THE actions of the justice-related offices in the case of the Payatas garbage collectors stun us who have come to terms with justice delayed-justice denied or injustice to those who have less in life in this country.

The speed with which the Supreme Court granted the petition for the Writ of Amparo and the decision of the the Court of Appeals to make it permanent two weeks after is a record-breaker in the history of Philippine justice system.

And the Office of the Solicitor General siding with the victim/petitioner rather than the government agents is short of a miracle.

No wonder, Centerlaw’s Romel Bagares, who led the filing of the petition before the Supreme Court last January 26 enthused: ”This is the fastest resolution of a case Centerlaw has ever handled. Kudos to the Supreme Court, the Office of the Solicitor General, and the Court of Appeals, which all agreed on the merits of the case. After less than two hours of oral arguments this morning, the Court of Appeals issued this afternoon a decision making permanent the Writ of Amparo in favor of the families of the four victims of extralegal killings and one survivor, perpetrated by policemen.

Bagares’ colleague in Centerlaw, Joel Butuyan, in his column in the Inquirer elaborated on the significance of the courts and the OSG’s actions:

“Just five days after the case was filed, the Supreme Court swiftly issued a temporary protection order prohibiting the entire Philippine National Police from entering a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants. The high court’s order gave protection not only to the complainants but to the entire community inside the one-kilometer radius. The sweeping protection given to an urban poor community near the Payatas garbage dump is an impressive demonstration of the Supreme Court’s grave concern about police operations that have resulted in thousands of people killed in the hands of policemen.

“Just 14 days after the case was filed, the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG) submitted its answer by routinely opposing the petition. The next day, however, during the oral arguments, the OSG had a stunning change of heart: It conceded that the complainants are entitled to a protection order against the policemen accused of the killings. Led by assistant solicitor general Herman Cimafranca, the OSG remarkably chose to live up to the role of being the Tribune of the People by siding with the complainants and agreeing that they indeed need protection from the respondent-policemen.

“Just 15 days after the case was filed, the Court of Appeals (CA) issued a decision giving permanent protection to the complainants. The CA permanently barred the four respondent-policemen from getting within a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants; directed the PNP to reassign the respondent-policemen to offices outside Quezon City and Montalban, which are the cities where the complainants reside and work; suspended indefinitely the implementation of any “Oplan Tokhang” operations against the complainants; and directed the PNP to inform the complainants of the results of the police investigation on the killings.”

The Payatas murders could have gone the way of the almost 7,000 killings in the name of President Duterte’s war against illegal drugs were it not for the bravery of the survivor Efren Morillo.

It happened five months ago, in the afternoon of Aug. 21. Garbage collectors Marcelo Daa Jr., Raffy Gabo, Anthony Comendo, and Jessie Cule were taking a break and playing pool. Efren Morillo was there to collect a debt.

Then came P/SI Emil S. Garcia, P03 Allan Formilleza, P01 James Aggarao and P01 Melchor Navisaga saying they were on an anti-illegal drug operation. Witnessses said the next few minutes were harrowing as the policemen searched the place
and came up with items to support whatever purpose they were there for (relatives of the victims said those items were planted). Then they shot at the unarmed garbage collectors one after another.

Morillo was able to survive by playing dead and rolling down the ravine in the garbage dump.

The following days, weeks and months were also agony for Morillo and the relatives of the victims as policemen kept on going back to Payatas to make sure that they kept silent. One of the cops even accompanied a TV team who tried to investigate the killings. This made the relatives of the victims even more fearful of their lives.

There’s still a long way to go for the victims to get full justice. But it’s a spark of light in the darkening environment.

May the light shine brighter so that justice may finally be rendered not only to the Payatas victims but also to the 7,000 who were killed because one egomaniac thinks killing is the only way to solve the problem of illegal drugs.

***

Blog: www.ellentordesillas.com

E-mail: ellentordesillas@gmail. com
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