April 24, 2017, 2:34 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52309 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03569 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30873 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02664 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04016 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60442 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03655 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.11145 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02805 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13815 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0632 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29719 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20863 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.00804 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04011 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02704 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02006 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.04137 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13822 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.18876 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.03896 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06888 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5051 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56627 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13952 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94478 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.206 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29345 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36245 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45582 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04196 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0829 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87952 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 184.91968 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14719 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09759 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15613 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47028 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1391 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33133 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.8753 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.48997 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07385 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29783 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.71486 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.40564 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20783 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5753 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19129 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07028 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36084 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.66466 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.2757 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.07229 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.78434 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00611 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01647 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28574 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.75904 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.24498 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0512 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80723 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26365 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06122 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20071 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38625 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14859 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.08835 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.45382 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16082 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.16546 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70542 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30622 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.41325 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37828 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08831 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26428 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.3253 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59764 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1732 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07129 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02864 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06511 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0638 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10482 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08003 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.06627 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08518 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12932 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43855 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15732 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26412 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13373 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18063 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02806 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.5984 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98394 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 459.6968 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17514 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34096 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26384 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69016 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.046 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0732 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13453 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6093 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.75904 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53956 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.36948 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57048 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 73.69478 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20029 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12451 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15361 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05189 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.29578 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05422 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20321 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22711 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01908 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26447 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.20683 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26707 Zimbabwe dollar

A spark of light in the darkening environment

THE actions of the justice-related offices in the case of the Payatas garbage collectors stun us who have come to terms with justice delayed-justice denied or injustice to those who have less in life in this country.

The speed with which the Supreme Court granted the petition for the Writ of Amparo and the decision of the the Court of Appeals to make it permanent two weeks after is a record-breaker in the history of Philippine justice system.

And the Office of the Solicitor General siding with the victim/petitioner rather than the government agents is short of a miracle.

No wonder, Centerlaw’s Romel Bagares, who led the filing of the petition before the Supreme Court last January 26 enthused: ”This is the fastest resolution of a case Centerlaw has ever handled. Kudos to the Supreme Court, the Office of the Solicitor General, and the Court of Appeals, which all agreed on the merits of the case. After less than two hours of oral arguments this morning, the Court of Appeals issued this afternoon a decision making permanent the Writ of Amparo in favor of the families of the four victims of extralegal killings and one survivor, perpetrated by policemen.

Bagares’ colleague in Centerlaw, Joel Butuyan, in his column in the Inquirer elaborated on the significance of the courts and the OSG’s actions:

“Just five days after the case was filed, the Supreme Court swiftly issued a temporary protection order prohibiting the entire Philippine National Police from entering a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants. The high court’s order gave protection not only to the complainants but to the entire community inside the one-kilometer radius. The sweeping protection given to an urban poor community near the Payatas garbage dump is an impressive demonstration of the Supreme Court’s grave concern about police operations that have resulted in thousands of people killed in the hands of policemen.

“Just 14 days after the case was filed, the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG) submitted its answer by routinely opposing the petition. The next day, however, during the oral arguments, the OSG had a stunning change of heart: It conceded that the complainants are entitled to a protection order against the policemen accused of the killings. Led by assistant solicitor general Herman Cimafranca, the OSG remarkably chose to live up to the role of being the Tribune of the People by siding with the complainants and agreeing that they indeed need protection from the respondent-policemen.

“Just 15 days after the case was filed, the Court of Appeals (CA) issued a decision giving permanent protection to the complainants. The CA permanently barred the four respondent-policemen from getting within a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants; directed the PNP to reassign the respondent-policemen to offices outside Quezon City and Montalban, which are the cities where the complainants reside and work; suspended indefinitely the implementation of any “Oplan Tokhang” operations against the complainants; and directed the PNP to inform the complainants of the results of the police investigation on the killings.”

The Payatas murders could have gone the way of the almost 7,000 killings in the name of President Duterte’s war against illegal drugs were it not for the bravery of the survivor Efren Morillo.

It happened five months ago, in the afternoon of Aug. 21. Garbage collectors Marcelo Daa Jr., Raffy Gabo, Anthony Comendo, and Jessie Cule were taking a break and playing pool. Efren Morillo was there to collect a debt.

Then came P/SI Emil S. Garcia, P03 Allan Formilleza, P01 James Aggarao and P01 Melchor Navisaga saying they were on an anti-illegal drug operation. Witnessses said the next few minutes were harrowing as the policemen searched the place
and came up with items to support whatever purpose they were there for (relatives of the victims said those items were planted). Then they shot at the unarmed garbage collectors one after another.

Morillo was able to survive by playing dead and rolling down the ravine in the garbage dump.

The following days, weeks and months were also agony for Morillo and the relatives of the victims as policemen kept on going back to Payatas to make sure that they kept silent. One of the cops even accompanied a TV team who tried to investigate the killings. This made the relatives of the victims even more fearful of their lives.

There’s still a long way to go for the victims to get full justice. But it’s a spark of light in the darkening environment.

May the light shine brighter so that justice may finally be rendered not only to the Payatas victims but also to the 7,000 who were killed because one egomaniac thinks killing is the only way to solve the problem of illegal drugs.

***

Blog: www.ellentordesillas.com

E-mail: ellentordesillas@gmail. com
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