May 27, 2017, 2:14 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07372 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41289 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03568 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32234 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02694 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04014 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61883 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21016 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02775 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1385 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06559 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20514 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.84665 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02701 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01958 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.41871 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13757 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.49057 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.65616 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98153 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47496 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56443 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94018 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17375 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28102 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3623 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45965 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01796 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04169 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08608 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90225 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.35648 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14716 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09595 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15642 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46989 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13267 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33601 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.51927 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16178 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.70534 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.18426 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60177 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23294 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06945 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36341 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.17021 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.03573 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.06503 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.47491 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01646 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.21999 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.1108 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.22079 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06604 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82658 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25943 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06119 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19607 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36395 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10036 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19791 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.1935 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16111 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18587 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6951 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31052 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.40426 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37051 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08565 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25809 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4432 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6002 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16848 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07648 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02843 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06543 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06377 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10277 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0752 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.54155 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07308 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08182 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13952 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.44902 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15837 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26825 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17472 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02777 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44572 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.54195 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.01967 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 440.26096 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17507 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.33681 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25802 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68306 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04816 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04615 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60472 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.74107 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5289 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.26014 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56624 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.29466 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20022 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12204 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15295 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77599 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0542 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.81574 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13228 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01706 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25808 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.16499 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26415 Zimbabwe dollar

A spark of light in the darkening environment

THE actions of the justice-related offices in the case of the Payatas garbage collectors stun us who have come to terms with justice delayed-justice denied or injustice to those who have less in life in this country.

The speed with which the Supreme Court granted the petition for the Writ of Amparo and the decision of the the Court of Appeals to make it permanent two weeks after is a record-breaker in the history of Philippine justice system.

And the Office of the Solicitor General siding with the victim/petitioner rather than the government agents is short of a miracle.

No wonder, Centerlaw’s Romel Bagares, who led the filing of the petition before the Supreme Court last January 26 enthused: ”This is the fastest resolution of a case Centerlaw has ever handled. Kudos to the Supreme Court, the Office of the Solicitor General, and the Court of Appeals, which all agreed on the merits of the case. After less than two hours of oral arguments this morning, the Court of Appeals issued this afternoon a decision making permanent the Writ of Amparo in favor of the families of the four victims of extralegal killings and one survivor, perpetrated by policemen.

Bagares’ colleague in Centerlaw, Joel Butuyan, in his column in the Inquirer elaborated on the significance of the courts and the OSG’s actions:

“Just five days after the case was filed, the Supreme Court swiftly issued a temporary protection order prohibiting the entire Philippine National Police from entering a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants. The high court’s order gave protection not only to the complainants but to the entire community inside the one-kilometer radius. The sweeping protection given to an urban poor community near the Payatas garbage dump is an impressive demonstration of the Supreme Court’s grave concern about police operations that have resulted in thousands of people killed in the hands of policemen.

“Just 14 days after the case was filed, the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG) submitted its answer by routinely opposing the petition. The next day, however, during the oral arguments, the OSG had a stunning change of heart: It conceded that the complainants are entitled to a protection order against the policemen accused of the killings. Led by assistant solicitor general Herman Cimafranca, the OSG remarkably chose to live up to the role of being the Tribune of the People by siding with the complainants and agreeing that they indeed need protection from the respondent-policemen.

“Just 15 days after the case was filed, the Court of Appeals (CA) issued a decision giving permanent protection to the complainants. The CA permanently barred the four respondent-policemen from getting within a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants; directed the PNP to reassign the respondent-policemen to offices outside Quezon City and Montalban, which are the cities where the complainants reside and work; suspended indefinitely the implementation of any “Oplan Tokhang” operations against the complainants; and directed the PNP to inform the complainants of the results of the police investigation on the killings.”

The Payatas murders could have gone the way of the almost 7,000 killings in the name of President Duterte’s war against illegal drugs were it not for the bravery of the survivor Efren Morillo.

It happened five months ago, in the afternoon of Aug. 21. Garbage collectors Marcelo Daa Jr., Raffy Gabo, Anthony Comendo, and Jessie Cule were taking a break and playing pool. Efren Morillo was there to collect a debt.

Then came P/SI Emil S. Garcia, P03 Allan Formilleza, P01 James Aggarao and P01 Melchor Navisaga saying they were on an anti-illegal drug operation. Witnessses said the next few minutes were harrowing as the policemen searched the place
and came up with items to support whatever purpose they were there for (relatives of the victims said those items were planted). Then they shot at the unarmed garbage collectors one after another.

Morillo was able to survive by playing dead and rolling down the ravine in the garbage dump.

The following days, weeks and months were also agony for Morillo and the relatives of the victims as policemen kept on going back to Payatas to make sure that they kept silent. One of the cops even accompanied a TV team who tried to investigate the killings. This made the relatives of the victims even more fearful of their lives.

There’s still a long way to go for the victims to get full justice. But it’s a spark of light in the darkening environment.

May the light shine brighter so that justice may finally be rendered not only to the Payatas victims but also to the 7,000 who were killed because one egomaniac thinks killing is the only way to solve the problem of illegal drugs.

***

Blog: www.ellentordesillas.com

E-mail: ellentordesillas@gmail. com
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