March 26, 2017, 2:24 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07295 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.48788 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03556 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3095 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02607 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03556 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03973 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59217 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03602 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00747 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62574 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02782 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13667 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06237 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30066 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20198 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 397.69567 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03968 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02656 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.15634 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13692 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.86254 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.93802 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03496 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49851 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.5151 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13724 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93127 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1644 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28863 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35856 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45093 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01845 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04108 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01589 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08837 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.86869 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 183.55185 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1458 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10191 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1543 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46583 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13612 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34644 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.70143 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.73977 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07242 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29991 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.46047 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 644.02066 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20501 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54927 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01405 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21154 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04112 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37288 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.68693 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.14978 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.87843 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.29479 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00604 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01629 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28526 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.01152 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.90465 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.01549 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78784 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24851 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06056 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01233 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02811 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19785 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38468 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12515 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19507 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.70878 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15892 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.09178 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69785 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30671 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.24096 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3761 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08802 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24708 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25745 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58244 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16898 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0729 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02831 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00765 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06437 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06286 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08244 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0787 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.14024 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07233 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08402 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13951 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2352 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07449 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15454 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26917 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13244 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17566 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02783 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0159 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44112 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 142.70957 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.90584 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 452.14739 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17327 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.23004 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24791 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68872 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04503 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04577 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0722 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13328 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60552 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.25904 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53754 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.25546 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55781 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 70.42114 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19815 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 451.90703 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11462 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05075 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.09416 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05364 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.176 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18852 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96524 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24804 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.08899 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18911 Zimbabwe dollar

A spark of light in the darkening environment

THE actions of the justice-related offices in the case of the Payatas garbage collectors stun us who have come to terms with justice delayed-justice denied or injustice to those who have less in life in this country.

The speed with which the Supreme Court granted the petition for the Writ of Amparo and the decision of the the Court of Appeals to make it permanent two weeks after is a record-breaker in the history of Philippine justice system.

And the Office of the Solicitor General siding with the victim/petitioner rather than the government agents is short of a miracle.

No wonder, Centerlaw’s Romel Bagares, who led the filing of the petition before the Supreme Court last January 26 enthused: ”This is the fastest resolution of a case Centerlaw has ever handled. Kudos to the Supreme Court, the Office of the Solicitor General, and the Court of Appeals, which all agreed on the merits of the case. After less than two hours of oral arguments this morning, the Court of Appeals issued this afternoon a decision making permanent the Writ of Amparo in favor of the families of the four victims of extralegal killings and one survivor, perpetrated by policemen.

Bagares’ colleague in Centerlaw, Joel Butuyan, in his column in the Inquirer elaborated on the significance of the courts and the OSG’s actions:

“Just five days after the case was filed, the Supreme Court swiftly issued a temporary protection order prohibiting the entire Philippine National Police from entering a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants. The high court’s order gave protection not only to the complainants but to the entire community inside the one-kilometer radius. The sweeping protection given to an urban poor community near the Payatas garbage dump is an impressive demonstration of the Supreme Court’s grave concern about police operations that have resulted in thousands of people killed in the hands of policemen.

“Just 14 days after the case was filed, the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG) submitted its answer by routinely opposing the petition. The next day, however, during the oral arguments, the OSG had a stunning change of heart: It conceded that the complainants are entitled to a protection order against the policemen accused of the killings. Led by assistant solicitor general Herman Cimafranca, the OSG remarkably chose to live up to the role of being the Tribune of the People by siding with the complainants and agreeing that they indeed need protection from the respondent-policemen.

“Just 15 days after the case was filed, the Court of Appeals (CA) issued a decision giving permanent protection to the complainants. The CA permanently barred the four respondent-policemen from getting within a one-kilometer radius from the residences and workplaces of the complainants; directed the PNP to reassign the respondent-policemen to offices outside Quezon City and Montalban, which are the cities where the complainants reside and work; suspended indefinitely the implementation of any “Oplan Tokhang” operations against the complainants; and directed the PNP to inform the complainants of the results of the police investigation on the killings.”

The Payatas murders could have gone the way of the almost 7,000 killings in the name of President Duterte’s war against illegal drugs were it not for the bravery of the survivor Efren Morillo.

It happened five months ago, in the afternoon of Aug. 21. Garbage collectors Marcelo Daa Jr., Raffy Gabo, Anthony Comendo, and Jessie Cule were taking a break and playing pool. Efren Morillo was there to collect a debt.

Then came P/SI Emil S. Garcia, P03 Allan Formilleza, P01 James Aggarao and P01 Melchor Navisaga saying they were on an anti-illegal drug operation. Witnessses said the next few minutes were harrowing as the policemen searched the place
and came up with items to support whatever purpose they were there for (relatives of the victims said those items were planted). Then they shot at the unarmed garbage collectors one after another.

Morillo was able to survive by playing dead and rolling down the ravine in the garbage dump.

The following days, weeks and months were also agony for Morillo and the relatives of the victims as policemen kept on going back to Payatas to make sure that they kept silent. One of the cops even accompanied a TV team who tried to investigate the killings. This made the relatives of the victims even more fearful of their lives.

There’s still a long way to go for the victims to get full justice. But it’s a spark of light in the darkening environment.

May the light shine brighter so that justice may finally be rendered not only to the Payatas victims but also to the 7,000 who were killed because one egomaniac thinks killing is the only way to solve the problem of illegal drugs.

***

Blog: www.ellentordesillas.com

E-mail: ellentordesillas@gmail. com
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