June 18, 2018, 3:34 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06887 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01763 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03375 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52595 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02519 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03338 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0375 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.56891 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03163 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00708 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.83293 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02508 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12845 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06994 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26852 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19282 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.39846 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03746 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02475 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0187 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.85955 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12072 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.23964 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57585 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78136 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32833 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1203 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92481 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19301 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25282 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33377 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51078 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01616 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03862 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08774 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.8783 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.7418 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13756 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.86799 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14715 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44823 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11904 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.22745 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20533 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.11007 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06788 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27862 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.20139 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 793.5496 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.42115 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01329 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07454 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89293 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28161 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.86537 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.83274 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.87605 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.66229 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00567 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01538 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.31164 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.15357 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.23364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99081 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.62835 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2522 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05717 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01164 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02542 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17853 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31382 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9715 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.27658 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.11532 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15157 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.65667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65479 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29196 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.37802 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38672 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0747 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2516 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71292 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58522 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15276 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03846 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02698 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06144 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05887 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23233 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06922 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 105.94412 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06825 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07529 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18378 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.92781 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07032 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1483 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25162 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16475 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02532 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41639 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.88431 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.53816 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.79974 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16407 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.65648 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25162 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61204 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04892 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04288 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08861 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12572 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56497 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.52766 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49372 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.94825 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59066 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 148.13426 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1496.34352 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 427.78924 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02025 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04811 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.58541 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05063 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.58541 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91656 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.68498 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25181 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.30921 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.78605 Zimbabwe dollar

Summer ‘Kampf’

IN the heat of Philippine summer, what can be done?

Recall the “Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives during the Second World War” that was declared by the U.N. General Assembly (Resolution 59/26 of 22 November 2004) to pay tribute to all victims of the trans-continental showdown between International Fascism and the original United Nations. Those two days (May 8-9) are also known as Victory in Europe Day marking the Allies’ formal acceptance of the Nazis’ unconditional surrender of its armed force. In the Philippines, the casualties of WW2 include the more than 400 Ilocanos, young and old, from Imelda, Natividad, Ortiz and nearby villages downtown of Naguilian who were killed by the rear guards of Japanese Imperial Army General Yamashita during his retreat to the Cordillera mountains. [Joanna Diaz-Sabado, “A Tree-bute: Remembering the 400 victims of Mangkaeng massacre,” Philippine Information Agency, http://pia.gov.ph/news/articles/1004878]

In Europe, the Sinti-Roma (gypsies), the handicapped, Jehovah’s Witnesses and homosexuals were treated with contempt by the Nazis. [http://www.jhc.org.au/other-victims.html] This is the season to remember the survivors of HMAS Armidale (which was sunk by Japanese attackers), Rape of Mapanique, “The Warsaw Ghetto Boy,” martyrdom of Philippine Chief Justice Jose Abad Santos, and Sandakan Death Marches. [http://www.iipt.org/educators/OccPap08.pdf]

Visit more historical sites and places that celebrate hobbies and heritage like the Special Battalion World War II Memorial Museum (Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines), Stockfish Museum of Norway, Contemporary Museum of Calligraphy (Pavilion 7, 6 bd.6, 5th Luchevoy Prosek, Moscow) where you can view the Handwritten Constitution of the Russian Federation, Social Innovation Museum of Kampala, Kokopo War Museum of Rabaul, Muzeu Rezisténsia Timorense, Nairobi Railway Museum, and the Samurai Museum (Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo Kabukicho 2-25-6). [https://www.calligraphy-museum.com/en; http://samuraimuseum.jp/en/index.html]

How about the Pacific War Museum on Guam, Liberation War Museum (Dhaka), Museo Atlántico Lanzarote, Thai Labour Museum, Mexico City’s Museo Casa de León Trotsky, National Museum of Mathematics (MoMath) in Manhattan, Museum of Sports and Tourism (Wybrzeże Gdyńskie 4 St, 01-531 Warsaw, Poland), Lisbon’s Museu do Ajube, Gangam Calligraphy Museum in Jeonju Hanok Village, Le Musée des vampires, National Museum of Health and Medicine (U.S. Army Medical Museum), Amsterdam’s Hash-Marihuana-Hemp Museum, Museum of Tomorrow in Rio de Janeiro, Museum of Underground Prisoners (Jerusalem), Barney Smith’s Toilet Seat Art Museum, Witch Museum of Zugarramurdi, Namhae Treasure Island Garlic Land, Marikina Shoe Museum, and Melbourne Holocaust Museum (“an active and internationally-recognized institution dedicated to combating racism, hatred and prejudice”)? [http://www.jhc.org.au/about-the-centre.html]

An example of Filipinos’ summer excursion: “The commemoration of the Stingray Memorial in northern Philippines is not meant to be anti-Japanese as it is pro-freedom. It is always fitting to pay tribute to the gallant men and women who braved unspeakable odds, not so much to fight the Japanese invading forces, but more to regain freedom and liberty that is rightfully theirs. Theirs is a universal aspiration – a story in which everyone can relate to – Filipino, American, Japanese and all freedom-loving people.”

“And this is the reason why exploits and accomplishments of the 20 submarines and the freedom fighters must be commemorated and memorialized. It is time to recognize and commend the Filipino who fought, not with arms and ammunition, but with sheer passion for freedom.”

“On April 24, 2018, the three gentlemen who started this project and erected the monument on their own relinquished the Stingray Memorial to the municipality of Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte through the imprimatur of NHCP. This is a salute of gratitude to Peter Parsons, Pol Bautista and Lucky Guillermo, all scions of WWII heroes.” [Lucky Guillermo, The Stingray Memorial Up North, 23 May 2018]

And to commemorate the anniversary of the Marawi siege, International Alert Philippines, with support from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Government of Australia, scheduled this week the launch of the short video documentary “Maratabat: Mga Kuwento ng Kagitingan sa Marawi” (Honor: Stories of Valor in Marawi) at the Yuchengco Museum, RCBC Plaza in Makati City.

What to do this summer? Put the flag out starting May 21 as the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development (as resolved by the U.N. General Assembly, 20 December 2002] and embrace our rich culture: “Our culture is our identity, and part of that identity is a
complex and heterogeneous mix of cultures. Our different ethno-linguistic groups — each with a distinct heritage of traditions, dance, art, music, folklore, beliefs, value systems — make up the identity of the Filipino people,” according to Senator Loren Legarda.

“We can never work together wholeheartedly towards the inclusive growth and development of our nation if we do not have national pride as a people, if we do not appreciate the richness of our diverse culture.” [Statement, 20 May 2018]

Celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity (May 22) and enforce the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety as well as the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization, among others. Protect the Philippines from alien invasive species like the Chinese soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) and the H-6K (modernized Chinese version of the 1950s Soviet Tu-16 Badger medium bomber). As the Chair of the Senate Committee on Climate Change, UNISDR Global Champion for Resilience and UNFCCC Adaptation Champion made clear: “The Philippines is considered as one of the mega biodiverse countries in the world, but this blessing comes with the utmost responsibility of protecting and preserving our environment...Ecosystem-based Adaptation is one approach that strives to safeguard our biodiversity, while addressing climate change.” [Statement, Senator Loren Legarda, 21 May 2018] Incidentally, Greenpeace Southeast Asia – Philippines has reminded the public of the second public hearing into the responsibility of fossil fuel companies for human rights harms resulting from climate change conducted by the Commission on Human Rights.

Prepare for peace, learn a new skill, prepare for war, enjoy a new hobby: join a summer camp. Life is a struggle (Kampf).
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