February 22, 2018, 6:56 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07045 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04297 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38059 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02443 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59409 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0304 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58872 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02533 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13159 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06235 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2325 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18295 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.03989 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.018 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.42605 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12152 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.88202 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.87186 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71801 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39493 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3921 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11601 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94226 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17652 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24369 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33858 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52177 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01557 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03825 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01371 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01377 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08533 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89967 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.74122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14073 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9296 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15011 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45024 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11584 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.216 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85824 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.23153 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24329 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.71245 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 713.12103 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9248 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40936 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0619 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9413 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3061 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.09572 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.62709 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26453 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.55496 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12565 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.52676 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.96605 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97621 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45904 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22463 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05848 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17647 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31853 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95396 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.47477 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.90946 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15451 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71398 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62536 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29868 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.76098 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35911 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07494 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22327 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88663 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59477 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15035 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98703 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02611 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06229 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0629 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11989 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06472 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.82716 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06982 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07256 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0862 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.12737 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07193 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14866 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2582 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15536 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01372 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42597 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.36485 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.78074 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 381.75523 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16785 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87876 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60368 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04586 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0428 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07262 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12717 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.06541 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51746 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.67197 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.62766 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 478.3426 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.71839 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98465 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04817 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05179 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85248 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79474 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.5492 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94226 Zimbabwe dollar

Is this your month?

PRESIDENTIAL Proclamation 339 of 16 February 2012 declared the month of August of every year as “History Month” in order to emphasize the most significant turning points in Philippine history.

Many Filipinos in Metro Manila and foreign visitors, not being familiar with government activities for August, inadvertently celebrated “History Month” by attending “History Con Philippines 2017” at the World Trade Center last August 10-13. They enjoyed the Cosplay Competition,
History (quiz) Bee, blade demo, exhibit and sale of artifacts and collectibles, and the special screening of “Valor: The Legacy of Colonel Emmanuel V. De Ocampo.”

The World War II documentary featured the teenager who became the commander of the 47th Hunters ROTC Division. This film and its prequel, the multi-awarded “Unsurrendered 2,” will be shown this week at the International Conference On The 75th Anniversary Of World War II

In The Philippines, Holy Angel University, Pampanga. We expect the presentations of Dr. Helen N. Mendoza’s “Memories of the War Years: A Teenage Girl’s Life in the Philippines Under Japanese Rule,” Dr. Benito J. Legarda, Jr.’s “The Massacre Trails in the Battle for Manila (February 1945)” and Cecilia I. Gaerlan’s “Reliving the Legacy of Bataan in the United States,” among others.

In America, different legacies are being sorted out this month. The chaos of Charlottesville reverberates and President Trump was prompted to “condemn in the strongest possible terms this egregious display of hatred, bigotry, and violence.”

“Racism is evil. And those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the KKK, neo-Nazis, white supremacists, and other hate groups that are repugnant to everything we hold dear as Americans.” [The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, August 14, 2017]

And to think that it was only last April 25 that Trump told the Washington, D.C. crowd gathered for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum National Days of Remembrance: “We remember the millions of other innocent victims the Nazis so brutally targeted and so brutally killed. We remember the survivors who bore more than we can imagine. We remember the hatred and evil that sought to extinguish human life, dignity, and freedom.” [https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/04/25/remarks-president...

Incidentally, a drunken American tourist was beaten up after giving a Nazi salute in Dresden in Germany (where public displays of Nazi symbols like the swastika or gestures like the “Heil Hitler” salute have been banned since the end of World War II) and two Chinese tourists were arrested for giving Nazi salutes outside the Reichstag. [https://www.yahoo.com/news/drunken-american-beaten-giving-nazi-082620801...

The observance of August as “History Month” also gives us the occasion to salute the legacy of President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas, Barrion’s Manila Division, Bulacan Military Area, Hukbalahap, Cebu Area Command, Cagayan-Apayao Force, 9th Military District (on Leyte Island) of Col. Ruperto P. Kangleon, Marking’s Guerrillas, Palawan Special Battalion, and the Hunters-ROTC, among others.

We would like to know more about the Army of the Agno, Sulu Area Command, Lanao Military Sector, Zambales Military District, and the Marinduque Patriot Army. We are curious about the Bato Balani Guerrilla Unit, Borneo Resistance Force, Bagong Katipunan Guerrilla Forces, or
even the Pugot Ulo Secret Society.

We can recall August 15 as “Victory over Japan Day,” but people today are more concerned, and rightly so, over “le danse macabre” of North Korea, Guam and USA, even as China and India are reportedly preparing for full-scale war over a Himalayan border dispute.

Yet the Philippines is not alone in its concerns since it belongs to a single Asean Community, and Malacañan last August 9 issued Proclamation No. 282, which declared August of every year as Association of South East Asian Nations Month. With this, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte ordered all government agencies, especially the Department of Trade and Industry, to initiate and implement programs and activities to help generate awareness and public support in the various business establishments. The country’s Chairmanship of the Asean this year coincided with the regional bloc’s 50th anniversary, which was celebrated in Manila last August 8. [http://pcoo.gov.ph/news_releases/duterte-declares-august-asean-month-set...

Back in 1992, Fidel V. Ramos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 11, declaring August 2-9 as “Asean Week,” in commemoration of the bloc’s 25th founding day. Then in 1997, he had Proclamation 1008 (August 7-13 every year as “Asean Week”) for the Association’s 30th anniversary.

President Ramos is commendable, too, for the initiative known as the Brunei Darussalam–Indonesia–Malaysia–Philippines East Asean Growth Area.

August as History/Asean Month motivated us to check the Presidential State of the Nation Address for 1968, which said in part: “Only recently, we helped build the framework for progress through cooperation by joining, as one of five founding members, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The Asean as an instrument for economic advancement figured prominently in my discussions with the leaders of Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. The promise of success that the Asean holds has confirmed the validity of the increased emphasis in our foreign policy on our relations with the rest of Asia.” [Source: Gov.ph]

In his SONA, Marcos also pointed out: “Our Asian identity has been further strengthened by our participation in the Asian Pacific Council. Concrete projects under the ASPAC, such as the Experts Services Register in Canberra, the Social and Cultural Centre in Seoul, and the Food and Fertilizer Bank, all designed to accelerate regional economic and material growth, are now in the final stages of implementation.” What was the final assessment of these institutions and projects?

Finally, August is “Buwan ng Wika” in the Philippines and we found Manuel L. Quezon’s Executive Order No. 134, c. 1937, Proclaiming The National Language Of The Philippines, and which designated the commissioners for the languages of Samar-Leyte Visayan, Ilocano, Cebu Visayan, Bicol, Panay Visayan, Moro, and Tagalog, constituting the Institute of National Language created under Commonwealth Act 184.

With all these, August is still treated as Ghost Month?
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Column of the Day

Light in the darkest hour

By BERNARD KARGANILLA | February 22,2018
‘Sic semper tyrannis.’

Opinion of the Day

Self-induced cancer

By Philip Chua | February 22, 2018
‘At least 250 Filipinos die each day from smoking-related illnesses, cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic diseases, and cancers, especially lung cancers.’