April 27, 2018, 12:33 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07067 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39475 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02545 Australian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 33.69213 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02511 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13181 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06731 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27622 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 385.22224 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03844 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02475 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01901 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.59746 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12188 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.13893 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81297 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.75101 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40451 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.40254 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11828 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95228 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24835 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33981 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52376 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01587 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03935 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01381 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08579 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89994 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 173.19607 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14116 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.98422 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15097 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45338 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11771 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2411 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96671 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.13488 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06892 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28763 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.78237 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 808.15854 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95209 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37271 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01363 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10216 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92419 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32033 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.1599 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.74909 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.31768 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.73446 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00578 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01578 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.31441 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.45738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.95901 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03079 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52088 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05866 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01194 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02571 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17834 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3172 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.97229 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.57245 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.98807 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15549 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79238 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64845 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2996 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.77275 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36266 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07533 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.90783 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5965 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15376 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05118 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06226 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06253 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22244 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06713 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.81739 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07004 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07398 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20728 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.27497 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07215 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15075 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25842 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34734 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1666 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02553 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01378 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42728 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.08659 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83317 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 389.09177 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16837 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.90918 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23902 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60785 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04673 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04257 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07818 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57066 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7945 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50356 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.29113 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01924 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54531 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.05099 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1284.77966 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 438.02193 Vietnam Dong
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.04934 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05195 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.40485 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.88359 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.80854 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23908 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.85568 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.96363 Zimbabwe dollar

Bobby Mañosa; Quintessential Filipino architect

Architect Francisco “Bobby” Mañosa, known for his Filipino design philosophy, is passing on to his children a legacy that would  transcend time.

Six decades and 50 landmark projects  will not define Bobby’s illustrious career as the next-generation Mañosas are bent on carrying  the torch for Philippine architecture their father championed.

“I design Filipino, nothing else,”  was Bobby’s mantra as a celebrated architect. This mantra set him apart from the rest. 

From conceptualizing the Coconut Palace, to creating the EDSA Shrine, to designing Amanpulo, Pearl Farm, the LRT and other iconic Filipino landmarks, Bobby Mañosa has always taken his country and his craft seriously – to the point of turning down potentially lucrative projects simply because they were not in line with his philosophy that “architecture must be true to itself, its land and its people.”

 “That means Philippine architecture for the Philippines,” said Francisco  Jr. or Dino,  CEO of the Mañosa Group of Companies, and founder and CEO of Mañosa Properties, the group’s real estate arm.

“The vision for the company moving forward will really be how we can make Philippine architecture, or that philosophy, relevant today,” Dino said.

Dino said the Group always goes  back to the design philosophy of the bahay kubo  (nipa hut) which later became the bahay na bato, then into what is today’s Philippine modern architecture.

Bobby in previous interviews described the bahay kubo as the original sustainable house that embodies the principles of climate-conscious architecture. 

Built from readily available sustainable materials, the bahay kubo has distinct features: a high pitched thatch roof that insulates the interior from the heat of the sun and rain and stilts design for cross ventilation  laterally (from the large windows) and vertically (from the “silong” or basement).

Much  like the industrialists of his generation, Bobby contributed to nation-building through his architecture, which is  distinctively Filipino.

“Had he been a cook or a chef, he would have probably just cooked Filipino food or put up a Filipino restaurant,” Dino added.

Today, the Mañosa   Group keeps the vision alive in its different companies and different divisions, always looking at how to Filipinize to promote Filipino design and architecture. By doing so, the Mañosa siblings hope to inspire others to do the same.

According to  Dino, the Group  furthers their inspiration of the bahay kubo by modernizing that design to today’s needs, taking into consideration the requirements of the end-user and the contour of the land.

Miguel Angelo Mañosa, CEO of Mañosa and Co. Inc. and managing partner of A. Mañosa + Architects, said in any residential  or commercial project, true to their spirit, they always begin with the bahay kubo.

“We believe there is still much to learn with regards to the fundamentals of the house. We adapt these fundamentals in every design we do, be it a commercial, institutional, ecclesiastical or residential development. We believe learning from the past is the best way to design for the future,” Gelo added.

Bambi Mañosa-Tanjutco, director of Interior Design at Mañosa and Co., also still applies several of her father’s trademark design features in every project that they take on.

In her projects, Bambi upgrades local materials and applies them in different forms to accent walls, counters and cabinetry, to furniture and soft furnishings, fabrics etc.

She also introduces the “banggerahan” concept in the kitchen which is a typical feature in a bahay kubo.

Bambi provides  little  touches of Filipino design in  the interiors,   incorporating plants and floor lamps and using only warm white lights.

Dino said  there could be a misnomer that Bobby Mañosa only designs out of sawali and bamboo. He also dispels common notion that today, these materials are no longer relevant.

According to  Dino, his father would always try to push the use modern bamboo flooring  or modern bamboo wall not just because they are indigenous materials.

“There was a reason why he chose that. It was really because bamboo (is) the greenest type of material you can use anywhere and he loved the use of it. He wanted to uplift the material to let people accept it: that bamboo or rattan is not just for the poor or the farmer but it can be enjoyed by presidents and kings and tycoons,” Dino said.

And this still holds true for Mañosa ’s projects whether that’d be Mañosa Properties or in the architectural department or the furniture.

Dino laments the fact that some Filipinos have stopped  designing for the Filipino climate, or worse, for the Filipino culture due in part to the many influences of Western architecture.

Gelo added: ”I believe that the Filipino’s sense of national pride has changed. This has influenced their taste in architecture.”

The Mañosas constantly look for ways to incorporate new designs, new elements still with the Filipino culture and the bahay kubo in mind.

In fact, Dino believes the basic elements of bahay  kubo to this day remain extremely viable -- from the long eaves to cross ventilation to local materials, if possible.” All that is very viable.”

Gelo said over the years, there has been much innovation in materials since his father’s  time.

“Today, there are so many choices, the limit would just be your imagination. We use these new material innovations to our advantage by coming up with creative designs which complement our architecture and interior design,” Gelo said.

Dino added: “We always innovate to today’s technology, what’s available out in  the market. That’s always a thinking process that all the designers go through.”

For Dino there is no one project that can embody the group’s brand image because of the many types of Philippine architecture projects the Group has done.

“You can go very indigenous like the Pearl Farm or you can go very modern sleek like Amanpulo. And you can go very pure and creative like the Coconut Palace,” he said.

But for Dino, the next project will always be better than the last one.

 For Bambi, Amanpulo and Campanilla Lane typify the contemporary while Pearl Farm, Eskaya and the Mañosa residence are the showcase projects for the vernacular.

Today, the Mañosa Group is pushing an advocacy very close to the improvement of Filipino design. The Group supports local weavers and craftsmen and help them level up their products to be acceptable in its projects. Typically, it supports local craftsmen from the areas where its projects are located.

Through its foundation TUKOD, the Mañosa Group creates centers and spaces for less fortunate children. It also mentors future leaders by exposing and inspiring them to lead projects that they wish to support through its K4K – or Kids for Kids – youth advocacy.

To celebrate Bobby’s  more than six decades of his legacy, an exhibit dubbed “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture’ runs until May at the National Museum of the Philippines. The exhibit showcases over 50 landmark projects from Bobby’s prolific career, including original drawings and models never before seen by the public. Archived photographs, samples of vernacular materials, furniture, and interior elements, are also featured. The exhibition also explores Bobby’s other creative pursuits as a jazz musician, toy designer, and designer of craft. 
 
To further inspire new and upcoming generations of Filipino architects and designers, a lecture series runs concurrently with the exhibit, on selected Saturdays from until May 6, 1:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the National Museum Auditorium.  
 
The “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture” lecture series includes topics on art, architecture and design, Philippine textiles and building materials, Filipino culture and identity, nationalism and nation-building.
 
 
 
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