August 20, 2017, 12:43 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07443 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4017 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03628 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32436 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02723 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03626 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04054 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63579 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03534 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.60377 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13904 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06579 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30624 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20692 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 405.75598 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04049 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02733 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01952 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.57175 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13799 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.59343 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.43535 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98075 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47231 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.59951 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13357 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95278 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19181 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28109 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36583 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46433 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01797 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04244 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01572 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08685 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91021 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.75233 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1491 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.14512 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15784 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47422 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13229 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24625 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.54195 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.57844 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07211 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30521 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.93595 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 657.62059 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9771 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.6139 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01433 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23666 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0906 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38113 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.57681 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.12404 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.24078 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.6366 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00614 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01662 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.364 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 166.08836 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.51277 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.08877 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84435 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25922 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06179 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01258 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02821 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19642 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36735 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.09972 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.52331 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27726 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16258 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.25578 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70024 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31394 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.54094 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37863 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08672 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52615 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59972 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17055 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08654 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00779 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06622 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06654 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11897 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.82935 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0738 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08196 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14766 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.61897 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.076 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16004 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26836 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13498 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17451 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45006 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 152.00649 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08634 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 435.85326 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17678 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.43737 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26014 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6897 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04917 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04647 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0711 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61011 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 45.17633 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53223 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.78071 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57377 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 77.82732 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20216 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 459.54601 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18241 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05201 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77483 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05472 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.82205 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13174 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.06546 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25921 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 105.17835 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.33482 Zimbabwe dollar

Despite cybercrime law, troll victims are helpless

by Raymond G.B. Tribdino

CYBERTROLLS and bullies are a plentiful but cowardly lot. 

e news, circulate shams in Tweets andposts and resort to mostly ad hominem attacks, in attempt to divert attention from the real issues, political or otherwise. 

To argumentum ad hominem or abuse of the person or personal attacks is added a new dimension—attacking those around or loved by the person—in an attempt to divert attention in an argument.  This has to do with many acts including name calling (example, “Dilawans” or “Dutertards”), refutation by caricature (“Trillianes is a coward who lost the coup).”

Attacking the person making the argument or persons close or connected to that person, rather than the argument itself, is completely irrelevant to the argument but seems to create an atmosphere of victory for the attacker.

Social media offers a platform where these cowards put up a brave face because they are protected either by distance (the most rabid protectors of the rampant rubouts and assassination of known criminals come from countries like the United Kingdom and the Middle East) or by layers and layers of profiles which can be easily set up by automated bots in places like China or Serbia. But trolling-as-a-service can be hired in places as close as Sampaloc, Manila.

Bib M., a mother of five and a staunch advocate of personal freedom and good governance was attacked recently by an army of trolls who took a really deep dive. The trolls bullied her for a comment about President Duterte’s management style, which she did not agree to. Her post was straightforward and forceful but was written with no malice.

The result? Not only was her Twitter feed and Facebook page overflowing with the worst kind of intelligible and trashy comments, someone involved her child into the scenario. Bib cried foul and reported for the accounts of the attackers to be blocked.
Multi-awarded journalist Ed Lingao chose to take a stand on radio commentator Erwin Tulfo’s rant against Senator Risa Hontiveros.

Unlike the posturing of trolls and the troll leaders, Lingao’s comments simply pointed out violations of the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) code of ethics and Tulfo’s insults aimed at Senator Hontiveros for allegedly expressing support for the Maute terrorist group. Tulfo’s tirade focused on a photo that appeared on Facebook, which turned out to be fake.

Lingao pointed this out, while commenting point by point on a 38-minute video rant made by his TV5 colleague against him. But what pains Ed more is how trolls have taken to personal attacks, involving his innocent daughter who just recently passed away. 

Camille regularly posts about human rights amidst the “tokhang” killings and shares material from Jim Paredes. A student blogger, she is also a Greenpeace volunteer and 


a human rights advocate. One day, her Twitter feeds and Facebook page was full of malicious attacks against her person, calling her a slut for being a single mother of two children sired by two men. To add to the pain, netizens attacked her “ugly children.”

In the U.S., Curt Schilling, a former major league pitcher, announced over Twitter his daughter’s plans to play college softball. The 17-year-old girl suddenly became the target of horrifyingly vulgar comments. Actual threats of sexual violence against found its way into the feeds. All these attacks inspired Schilling to condemn the “cyberbullies” on his blog “38 Pitches.”

Personal, ad hominem attacks are done because there is no other form of response from the attacker. If the correct logic of a post (or an argument) exceeds the 

capability of the attacker to comprehend and form a reasonable argument, retaliation comes in the form of a verbally abusive attack.

Parker Settecase writing a column called “Fighting Fallacies” in the blog Parker’s Pensées, writes, “of all the fallacies tossed around today, the abusive ad hominem is the most malevolent.”

“The abusive ad hominem fallacy..isa fallacy of relevance. The phrase itself is Latin for “to the man” or “against the person”. This fallacy is deployed as a personal attack against an opponent in order to draw attention away from their argument. It fits nicely under the category “fallacy of relevance” because the attack on the person is irrelevant (when it’s irrelevant) to the person’s argument,” Settcase says.

In all the examples above, the cybertrolls went about bullying the persons involved through their loved ones, cheered on by their followers who throw fuel into the fallacy by reposting their nonsense or repeating nefarious messages over and over again.

Bullying and its cyber counterpart comes only from an imagined superiority—that of say numbers of followers willing to engage in an unending word fight shielded by multiple Twitter or Facebook profiles—or even by bots that do nothing but replicate text phrases fed to it through thousands of fake accounts. 

In civil society people can argue about everything, without resorting to immature, personal attacks. Politics, in particular is a field that must be open to debate and criticism.

On the lighter side, people talk about telenovelas and Koreanovelas, the antagonists they hate and the protagonists they love. The level of discussion can be fun, sometimes shallow, but are considered opportunities to learn. Conducting healthy debate challenges conventions, questions our assumptions. 

Oftentimes a good argument will create change—in thinking and in action. And even there is nochange of mind or shift in thought, explaining to another person or group of people is both a good mental exercise and emotional outlet.

But sadly over the Internet, there is a dearth of good arguments. And since good arguments are hard to come by in the real world, they are almost impossible to be found on the Internet. Instead attackers—many of them educated people, students, professors as well as fascist followers—resort to violent words and act upon the helpless and the helplessness of family members dragged into the already invalid argument for no other reason than to create a diversion.

And once the massive number of organic and fake attackers join in the fray, the poor victim has no choice but to retreat or keep quiet. Keeping quiet is considered a win by the trolls.

“Oh walana siyang masagot, sigurototoo,” is a common point of contention.

Are there remedies for the this extreme form of cyberbullying?
Facebook and Twitter have taken positive steps to control if not eliminate cyberbullies.

Facebook has the Bullying Prevention Hub to find solutions to these problems while Twitter has proactively created ways to engage users reporting these accounts—including monitoring accounts considered to be repetitive in these actions.

Twitter has solutions from expanded notification, muting content, “Twitter time-out,” greater transparency on reporting, collapsing abusive Tweets, ensuring safer search content, and stopping the creation of abusive accounts.

Brutal attacks from cybertrollsmay not see an end in sight now. But artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies are now being employed to seek and remove cybertrolls. the very technology that allows cybertrolls to exist, will be the very technology that will end them.
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