July 23, 2018, 9:26 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06891 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99812 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03452 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51726 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0334 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57017 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03144 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.85141 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12871 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07076 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29362 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19433 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.60976 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03748 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01861 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.39231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12694 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.79925 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56379 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.76454 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41373 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33021 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11925 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92946 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2063 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2502 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3349 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51238 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01599 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03929 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01427 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08965 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.8925 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.1182 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14047 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.89268 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14725 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44908 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11833 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26435 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20544 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.57598 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06798 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28997 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.32645 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 817.63602 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99062 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44371 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01329 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09036 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.88462 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27979 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.96623 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.86454 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.88555 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.13321 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01538 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.50019 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.69231 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.24578 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99906 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.82176 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0572 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01164 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02582 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17712 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31191 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98124 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.07317 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.94747 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15166 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66041 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64259 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29212 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.38537 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35681 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07617 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25131 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.73546 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58799 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1534 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06473 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02754 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00721 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06111 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40338 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06911 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.46904 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06831 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07438 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1907 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.006 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07036 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14815 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25182 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33678 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16626 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01428 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41662 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 157.41088 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69418 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 392.12008 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16417 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.66191 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25104 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62495 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04951 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0442 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0899 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12621 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57388 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.58912 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49568 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.09381 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58555 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.53471 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2245.77861 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 432.49531 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06942 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49099 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05066 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49099 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90938 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.68762 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.36398 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.78987 Zimbabwe dollar

Despite cybercrime law, troll victims are helpless

by Raymond G.B. Tribdino

CYBERTROLLS and bullies are a plentiful but cowardly lot. 

e news, circulate shams in Tweets andposts and resort to mostly ad hominem attacks, in attempt to divert attention from the real issues, political or otherwise. 

To argumentum ad hominem or abuse of the person or personal attacks is added a new dimension—attacking those around or loved by the person—in an attempt to divert attention in an argument.  This has to do with many acts including name calling (example, “Dilawans” or “Dutertards”), refutation by caricature (“Trillianes is a coward who lost the coup).”

Attacking the person making the argument or persons close or connected to that person, rather than the argument itself, is completely irrelevant to the argument but seems to create an atmosphere of victory for the attacker.

Social media offers a platform where these cowards put up a brave face because they are protected either by distance (the most rabid protectors of the rampant rubouts and assassination of known criminals come from countries like the United Kingdom and the Middle East) or by layers and layers of profiles which can be easily set up by automated bots in places like China or Serbia. But trolling-as-a-service can be hired in places as close as Sampaloc, Manila.

Bib M., a mother of five and a staunch advocate of personal freedom and good governance was attacked recently by an army of trolls who took a really deep dive. The trolls bullied her for a comment about President Duterte’s management style, which she did not agree to. Her post was straightforward and forceful but was written with no malice.

The result? Not only was her Twitter feed and Facebook page overflowing with the worst kind of intelligible and trashy comments, someone involved her child into the scenario. Bib cried foul and reported for the accounts of the attackers to be blocked.
Multi-awarded journalist Ed Lingao chose to take a stand on radio commentator Erwin Tulfo’s rant against Senator Risa Hontiveros.

Unlike the posturing of trolls and the troll leaders, Lingao’s comments simply pointed out violations of the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) code of ethics and Tulfo’s insults aimed at Senator Hontiveros for allegedly expressing support for the Maute terrorist group. Tulfo’s tirade focused on a photo that appeared on Facebook, which turned out to be fake.

Lingao pointed this out, while commenting point by point on a 38-minute video rant made by his TV5 colleague against him. But what pains Ed more is how trolls have taken to personal attacks, involving his innocent daughter who just recently passed away. 

Camille regularly posts about human rights amidst the “tokhang” killings and shares material from Jim Paredes. A student blogger, she is also a Greenpeace volunteer and 


a human rights advocate. One day, her Twitter feeds and Facebook page was full of malicious attacks against her person, calling her a slut for being a single mother of two children sired by two men. To add to the pain, netizens attacked her “ugly children.”

In the U.S., Curt Schilling, a former major league pitcher, announced over Twitter his daughter’s plans to play college softball. The 17-year-old girl suddenly became the target of horrifyingly vulgar comments. Actual threats of sexual violence against found its way into the feeds. All these attacks inspired Schilling to condemn the “cyberbullies” on his blog “38 Pitches.”

Personal, ad hominem attacks are done because there is no other form of response from the attacker. If the correct logic of a post (or an argument) exceeds the 

capability of the attacker to comprehend and form a reasonable argument, retaliation comes in the form of a verbally abusive attack.

Parker Settecase writing a column called “Fighting Fallacies” in the blog Parker’s Pensées, writes, “of all the fallacies tossed around today, the abusive ad hominem is the most malevolent.”

“The abusive ad hominem fallacy..isa fallacy of relevance. The phrase itself is Latin for “to the man” or “against the person”. This fallacy is deployed as a personal attack against an opponent in order to draw attention away from their argument. It fits nicely under the category “fallacy of relevance” because the attack on the person is irrelevant (when it’s irrelevant) to the person’s argument,” Settcase says.

In all the examples above, the cybertrolls went about bullying the persons involved through their loved ones, cheered on by their followers who throw fuel into the fallacy by reposting their nonsense or repeating nefarious messages over and over again.

Bullying and its cyber counterpart comes only from an imagined superiority—that of say numbers of followers willing to engage in an unending word fight shielded by multiple Twitter or Facebook profiles—or even by bots that do nothing but replicate text phrases fed to it through thousands of fake accounts. 

In civil society people can argue about everything, without resorting to immature, personal attacks. Politics, in particular is a field that must be open to debate and criticism.

On the lighter side, people talk about telenovelas and Koreanovelas, the antagonists they hate and the protagonists they love. The level of discussion can be fun, sometimes shallow, but are considered opportunities to learn. Conducting healthy debate challenges conventions, questions our assumptions. 

Oftentimes a good argument will create change—in thinking and in action. And even there is nochange of mind or shift in thought, explaining to another person or group of people is both a good mental exercise and emotional outlet.

But sadly over the Internet, there is a dearth of good arguments. And since good arguments are hard to come by in the real world, they are almost impossible to be found on the Internet. Instead attackers—many of them educated people, students, professors as well as fascist followers—resort to violent words and act upon the helpless and the helplessness of family members dragged into the already invalid argument for no other reason than to create a diversion.

And once the massive number of organic and fake attackers join in the fray, the poor victim has no choice but to retreat or keep quiet. Keeping quiet is considered a win by the trolls.

“Oh walana siyang masagot, sigurototoo,” is a common point of contention.

Are there remedies for the this extreme form of cyberbullying?
Facebook and Twitter have taken positive steps to control if not eliminate cyberbullies.

Facebook has the Bullying Prevention Hub to find solutions to these problems while Twitter has proactively created ways to engage users reporting these accounts—including monitoring accounts considered to be repetitive in these actions.

Twitter has solutions from expanded notification, muting content, “Twitter time-out,” greater transparency on reporting, collapsing abusive Tweets, ensuring safer search content, and stopping the creation of abusive accounts.

Brutal attacks from cybertrollsmay not see an end in sight now. But artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies are now being employed to seek and remove cybertrolls. the very technology that allows cybertrolls to exist, will be the very technology that will end them.
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