May 28, 2017, 7:07 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07372 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41289 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03568 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32234 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02694 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04014 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61883 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21016 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02775 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1385 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06559 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20514 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.84665 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02701 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01958 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.41871 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13757 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.49057 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.65616 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98153 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47496 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56443 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94018 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17375 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28102 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3623 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45965 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01796 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04169 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08608 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90225 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.35648 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14716 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09595 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15642 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46989 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13267 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33601 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.51927 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16178 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.70534 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.18426 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60177 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23294 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06945 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36341 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.17021 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.03573 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.06503 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.47491 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01646 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.21999 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.1108 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.22079 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06604 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82658 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25943 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06119 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19607 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36395 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10036 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19791 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.1935 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16111 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18587 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6951 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31052 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.40426 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37051 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08565 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25809 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4432 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6002 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16848 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07648 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02843 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06543 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06377 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10277 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0752 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.54155 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07308 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08182 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13952 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.44902 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15837 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26825 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17472 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02777 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44572 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.54195 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.01967 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 440.26096 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17507 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.33681 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25802 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68306 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04816 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04615 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60472 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.74107 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5289 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.26014 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56624 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.29466 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20022 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12204 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15295 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77599 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0542 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.81574 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13228 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01706 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25808 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.16499 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26415 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Multiple PH road crash databases need integration, tuning

As the frequency of road crashes continue to increase, the government has yet to create an integrated database for drivers and pedestrians struck and killed by vehicles. Tuning and synchronizing these databases is the key to accurate reporting of road crashes in Metro Manila. 

Miguel Paala, World Bank consultant, said road crash databases in the country have questionable and incomplete data since most government agencies do not include important details in the report such as the names of the drivers or the passengers injured or killed in the road crash.

Paala cited in particular the databases of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), Philippine National Police, Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), and the Department of Health (DOH).

He said road crashes are under-reported since these government agencies do not provide complete data and analysis.

Road crashes amount to 2.6 percent loss in Gross Domestic Product in the country.

In Metro Manila, there is an average of 262 crashes daily or 11 crashes per hour.

Data from the MMDA showed that the number of road crashes in Metro Manila has increased from 95,615 in 2015 to 109,322 last year.

In its Metro Manila Accident Recording and Analysis System (MMARAS) report last year, the MMDA said 426 of the 109,322 road crashes last year were fatal while 16,416 were non-fatal.

Most fatal accidents happened during January with 45 cases and December with 42 cases. It is important to note that these months have the most number of holidays, including Christmas Day and New Year’s Eve.

Majority of the fatal accidents were recorded in Quezon City with 116 cases followed by Manila with 66, and Caloocan with 36 cases.

The report also showed that 195 pedestrians died in a road crash last year, 194 drivers, and 57 passengers while 10,233 drivers were injured, 5,730 passengers, and 4,913 pedestrians.

The MMDA said 40,823 road crashes occurred during nighttime from 6 p.m. to 5:55 a.m. while 68,499 cases occurred during daytime from 6 a.m. to 5:55 p.m. While majority of the road crashes last year occurred during day time, most fatal accidents happened during night time and during wee hours.  

The MMDA’s Metrobase monitors traffic incidents in the metropolis using 300 high-definition closed-circuit television cameras (CCTV) installed in strategic areas. At present, the MMDA has only nine data researchers who gather data on road crashes.

MMDA personnel record road crashes in a logbook daily. They write the location, time, and plate numbers of the vehicles involved. Since the MMDA manually records road crash incidents, it takes time for the agency to analyze the data since Metrobase personnel need to encode each item on spreadsheets.  

Paala said the MMDA should directly encode road crash data into its database called the MMARAS since the blue books are vulnerable to loss.  

He said the DPWH discontinued recording data for its Traffic Accident Reporting and Analysis System (TARAS) in 2014 since data gathering was tedious. Meanwhile, the DOH’s Online National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (ONEISS) contains only details of injured persons and fatalities.

While the PNP has its E-Blotter System where it contains details about the victim, suspect, and narrative of the incident, the data is not open to the public and it does not include the cause of the crashes.

The Department of Transportation (DOTr) recently launched an online platform called the “Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting” (DRIVER), which is a web-based and open-sourced database for geo-spatially recording and analyzing road crashes.

Transportation Assistant Secretary for Land Transport Mark De Leon said the agency opened the database to provide accurate and reliable information on road incidents. De Leon also said that with the Philippine Road Safety Action Plan 2011-2020, the agency is committed to reduce road crashes by 50 percent.  

The DRIVER website’s home page contains two maps indicating the severity of road crashes in the country. It also provides details on economic loss and the number of road crashes.

Data from DRIVER showed the government lost P1 billion for the past 90 days due to road crashes. Of the total P1 billion, the government spent P630 million for injured motorists and pedestrians and P55 million for casualties.

The database also recorded 2,506 road crash incidents for the past 90 days.    

DRIVER collects data from the MMDA, PNP, and local traffic units.

The online platform contains the date and time of the incident, exact location, weather, severity of the road crash (injured or dead), collision type (side swipe, bumped from behind, and multiple collision), and the main cause (vehicle defect, road defect, human error, and others).

While there are new databases on road crashes, the categories posted on the website are vague, particularly those under the “main cause” tab.

The “main cause” tab does not specify the cause of the crash. Human error does not indicate the action committed by the motorists such as speeding or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

The same goes for the other categories such as vehicle defect and road defect. The website does not include the root cause of the road crash like wrong lane markings, blind corners, curves, equipment failure or brake failure.

The DOTr, DPWH, DOH, MMDA, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Education (DoE), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), and the Public Information Agency (PIA) are the institutions involved in road safety.

While the DOTr is the lead agency on road safety, Atty. Sophia San Luis, executive director of ImagineLaw, said the agency cannot compel local government units to enforce road safety laws since the DOTr’s mandate is limited.

These dilemmas show that data collection and analysis seem to be neglected in the context of road safety.

Two weeks ago, the DOTr held the Idea Hack contest for information-technology professionals, digital media experts, mobile app developers, and road safety advocates to create strategies that will help the government in improving data gathering on road crashes.

 According to the World Health Organization, road crash statistics are important for timely analysis of programs and for the development of road safety measures.

 Paala said government agencies should combine data to look for patterns related to road crashes and create programs or interventions to prevent tragedies.
 
This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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