September 25, 2017, 5:49 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07264 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21717 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34187 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02482 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03536 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03956 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5979 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03249 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00745 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.31665 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13627 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0618 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27967 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20131 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.96518 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03951 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02438 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01919 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.36155 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13059 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.37935 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.30439 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82753 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43125 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.51325 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1233 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94106 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21553 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25924 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3485 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46183 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01657 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03986 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01461 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0146 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08739 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88588 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 176.45964 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14445 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.08406 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15453 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46127 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12375 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23398 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.13074 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.05379 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06919 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.08149 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 663.96359 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1252 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5623 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01399 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21833 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03738 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.35362 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.07516 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.12164 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.80063 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.34177 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00596 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01622 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74387 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.94383 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.77848 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02017 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.31408 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26167 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0603 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01227 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02675 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18458 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34721 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01345 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.91851 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.53639 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15916 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1521 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.66021 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30696 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.16792 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35121 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08291 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26183 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.9818 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59118 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05301 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02722 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00761 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06415 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06309 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08386 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07081 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.78797 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07201 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14001 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.39142 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07417 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15268 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26236 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13172 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15792 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01462 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4392 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.3386 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.05617 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 406.07593 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17306 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.18552 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26179 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65427 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04862 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04355 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06922 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13382 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.24446 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51938 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.10364 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57041 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 159.61234 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19728 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 449.66376 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04153 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04947 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.86234 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0534 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.74723 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96618 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.94363 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26193 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.64043 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.15783 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Multiple PH road crash databases need integration, tuning

As the frequency of road crashes continue to increase, the government has yet to create an integrated database for drivers and pedestrians struck and killed by vehicles. Tuning and synchronizing these databases is the key to accurate reporting of road crashes in Metro Manila. 

Miguel Paala, World Bank consultant, said road crash databases in the country have questionable and incomplete data since most government agencies do not include important details in the report such as the names of the drivers or the passengers injured or killed in the road crash.

Paala cited in particular the databases of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), Philippine National Police, Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), and the Department of Health (DOH).

He said road crashes are under-reported since these government agencies do not provide complete data and analysis.

Road crashes amount to 2.6 percent loss in Gross Domestic Product in the country.

In Metro Manila, there is an average of 262 crashes daily or 11 crashes per hour.

Data from the MMDA showed that the number of road crashes in Metro Manila has increased from 95,615 in 2015 to 109,322 last year.

In its Metro Manila Accident Recording and Analysis System (MMARAS) report last year, the MMDA said 426 of the 109,322 road crashes last year were fatal while 16,416 were non-fatal.

Most fatal accidents happened during January with 45 cases and December with 42 cases. It is important to note that these months have the most number of holidays, including Christmas Day and New Year’s Eve.

Majority of the fatal accidents were recorded in Quezon City with 116 cases followed by Manila with 66, and Caloocan with 36 cases.

The report also showed that 195 pedestrians died in a road crash last year, 194 drivers, and 57 passengers while 10,233 drivers were injured, 5,730 passengers, and 4,913 pedestrians.

The MMDA said 40,823 road crashes occurred during nighttime from 6 p.m. to 5:55 a.m. while 68,499 cases occurred during daytime from 6 a.m. to 5:55 p.m. While majority of the road crashes last year occurred during day time, most fatal accidents happened during night time and during wee hours.  

The MMDA’s Metrobase monitors traffic incidents in the metropolis using 300 high-definition closed-circuit television cameras (CCTV) installed in strategic areas. At present, the MMDA has only nine data researchers who gather data on road crashes.

MMDA personnel record road crashes in a logbook daily. They write the location, time, and plate numbers of the vehicles involved. Since the MMDA manually records road crash incidents, it takes time for the agency to analyze the data since Metrobase personnel need to encode each item on spreadsheets.  

Paala said the MMDA should directly encode road crash data into its database called the MMARAS since the blue books are vulnerable to loss.  

He said the DPWH discontinued recording data for its Traffic Accident Reporting and Analysis System (TARAS) in 2014 since data gathering was tedious. Meanwhile, the DOH’s Online National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (ONEISS) contains only details of injured persons and fatalities.

While the PNP has its E-Blotter System where it contains details about the victim, suspect, and narrative of the incident, the data is not open to the public and it does not include the cause of the crashes.

The Department of Transportation (DOTr) recently launched an online platform called the “Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting” (DRIVER), which is a web-based and open-sourced database for geo-spatially recording and analyzing road crashes.

Transportation Assistant Secretary for Land Transport Mark De Leon said the agency opened the database to provide accurate and reliable information on road incidents. De Leon also said that with the Philippine Road Safety Action Plan 2011-2020, the agency is committed to reduce road crashes by 50 percent.  

The DRIVER website’s home page contains two maps indicating the severity of road crashes in the country. It also provides details on economic loss and the number of road crashes.

Data from DRIVER showed the government lost P1 billion for the past 90 days due to road crashes. Of the total P1 billion, the government spent P630 million for injured motorists and pedestrians and P55 million for casualties.

The database also recorded 2,506 road crash incidents for the past 90 days.    

DRIVER collects data from the MMDA, PNP, and local traffic units.

The online platform contains the date and time of the incident, exact location, weather, severity of the road crash (injured or dead), collision type (side swipe, bumped from behind, and multiple collision), and the main cause (vehicle defect, road defect, human error, and others).

While there are new databases on road crashes, the categories posted on the website are vague, particularly those under the “main cause” tab.

The “main cause” tab does not specify the cause of the crash. Human error does not indicate the action committed by the motorists such as speeding or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

The same goes for the other categories such as vehicle defect and road defect. The website does not include the root cause of the road crash like wrong lane markings, blind corners, curves, equipment failure or brake failure.

The DOTr, DPWH, DOH, MMDA, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Education (DoE), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), and the Public Information Agency (PIA) are the institutions involved in road safety.

While the DOTr is the lead agency on road safety, Atty. Sophia San Luis, executive director of ImagineLaw, said the agency cannot compel local government units to enforce road safety laws since the DOTr’s mandate is limited.

These dilemmas show that data collection and analysis seem to be neglected in the context of road safety.

Two weeks ago, the DOTr held the Idea Hack contest for information-technology professionals, digital media experts, mobile app developers, and road safety advocates to create strategies that will help the government in improving data gathering on road crashes.

 According to the World Health Organization, road crash statistics are important for timely analysis of programs and for the development of road safety measures.

 Paala said government agencies should combine data to look for patterns related to road crashes and create programs or interventions to prevent tragedies.
 
This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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