April 23, 2017, 11:49 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52309 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03569 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30873 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02664 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04016 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60442 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03655 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.11145 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02805 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13815 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0632 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29719 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20863 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.00804 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04011 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02704 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02006 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.04137 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13822 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.18876 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.03896 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06888 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5051 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56627 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13952 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94478 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.206 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29345 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36245 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45582 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04196 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0829 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87952 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 184.91968 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14719 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09759 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15613 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47028 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1391 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33133 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.8753 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.48997 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07385 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29783 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.71486 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.40564 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20783 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5753 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19129 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07028 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36084 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.66466 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.2757 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.07229 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.78434 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00611 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01647 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28574 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.75904 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.24498 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0512 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80723 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26365 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06122 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20071 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38625 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14859 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.08835 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.45382 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16082 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.16546 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70542 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30622 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.41325 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37828 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08831 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26428 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.3253 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59764 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1732 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07129 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02864 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06511 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0638 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10482 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08003 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.06627 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08518 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12932 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43855 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15732 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26412 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13373 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18063 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02806 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.5984 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98394 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 459.6968 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17514 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34096 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26384 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69016 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.046 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0732 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13453 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6093 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.75904 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53956 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.36948 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57048 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 73.69478 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20029 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12451 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15361 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05189 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.29578 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05422 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20321 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22711 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01908 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26447 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.20683 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26707 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Multiple PH road crash databases need integration, tuning

As the frequency of road crashes continue to increase, the government has yet to create an integrated database for drivers and pedestrians struck and killed by vehicles. Tuning and synchronizing these databases is the key to accurate reporting of road crashes in Metro Manila. 

Miguel Paala, World Bank consultant, said road crash databases in the country have questionable and incomplete data since most government agencies do not include important details in the report such as the names of the drivers or the passengers injured or killed in the road crash.

Paala cited in particular the databases of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), Philippine National Police, Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), and the Department of Health (DOH).

He said road crashes are under-reported since these government agencies do not provide complete data and analysis.

Road crashes amount to 2.6 percent loss in Gross Domestic Product in the country.

In Metro Manila, there is an average of 262 crashes daily or 11 crashes per hour.

Data from the MMDA showed that the number of road crashes in Metro Manila has increased from 95,615 in 2015 to 109,322 last year.

In its Metro Manila Accident Recording and Analysis System (MMARAS) report last year, the MMDA said 426 of the 109,322 road crashes last year were fatal while 16,416 were non-fatal.

Most fatal accidents happened during January with 45 cases and December with 42 cases. It is important to note that these months have the most number of holidays, including Christmas Day and New Year’s Eve.

Majority of the fatal accidents were recorded in Quezon City with 116 cases followed by Manila with 66, and Caloocan with 36 cases.

The report also showed that 195 pedestrians died in a road crash last year, 194 drivers, and 57 passengers while 10,233 drivers were injured, 5,730 passengers, and 4,913 pedestrians.

The MMDA said 40,823 road crashes occurred during nighttime from 6 p.m. to 5:55 a.m. while 68,499 cases occurred during daytime from 6 a.m. to 5:55 p.m. While majority of the road crashes last year occurred during day time, most fatal accidents happened during night time and during wee hours.  

The MMDA’s Metrobase monitors traffic incidents in the metropolis using 300 high-definition closed-circuit television cameras (CCTV) installed in strategic areas. At present, the MMDA has only nine data researchers who gather data on road crashes.

MMDA personnel record road crashes in a logbook daily. They write the location, time, and plate numbers of the vehicles involved. Since the MMDA manually records road crash incidents, it takes time for the agency to analyze the data since Metrobase personnel need to encode each item on spreadsheets.  

Paala said the MMDA should directly encode road crash data into its database called the MMARAS since the blue books are vulnerable to loss.  

He said the DPWH discontinued recording data for its Traffic Accident Reporting and Analysis System (TARAS) in 2014 since data gathering was tedious. Meanwhile, the DOH’s Online National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (ONEISS) contains only details of injured persons and fatalities.

While the PNP has its E-Blotter System where it contains details about the victim, suspect, and narrative of the incident, the data is not open to the public and it does not include the cause of the crashes.

The Department of Transportation (DOTr) recently launched an online platform called the “Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting” (DRIVER), which is a web-based and open-sourced database for geo-spatially recording and analyzing road crashes.

Transportation Assistant Secretary for Land Transport Mark De Leon said the agency opened the database to provide accurate and reliable information on road incidents. De Leon also said that with the Philippine Road Safety Action Plan 2011-2020, the agency is committed to reduce road crashes by 50 percent.  

The DRIVER website’s home page contains two maps indicating the severity of road crashes in the country. It also provides details on economic loss and the number of road crashes.

Data from DRIVER showed the government lost P1 billion for the past 90 days due to road crashes. Of the total P1 billion, the government spent P630 million for injured motorists and pedestrians and P55 million for casualties.

The database also recorded 2,506 road crash incidents for the past 90 days.    

DRIVER collects data from the MMDA, PNP, and local traffic units.

The online platform contains the date and time of the incident, exact location, weather, severity of the road crash (injured or dead), collision type (side swipe, bumped from behind, and multiple collision), and the main cause (vehicle defect, road defect, human error, and others).

While there are new databases on road crashes, the categories posted on the website are vague, particularly those under the “main cause” tab.

The “main cause” tab does not specify the cause of the crash. Human error does not indicate the action committed by the motorists such as speeding or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

The same goes for the other categories such as vehicle defect and road defect. The website does not include the root cause of the road crash like wrong lane markings, blind corners, curves, equipment failure or brake failure.

The DOTr, DPWH, DOH, MMDA, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Education (DoE), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), and the Public Information Agency (PIA) are the institutions involved in road safety.

While the DOTr is the lead agency on road safety, Atty. Sophia San Luis, executive director of ImagineLaw, said the agency cannot compel local government units to enforce road safety laws since the DOTr’s mandate is limited.

These dilemmas show that data collection and analysis seem to be neglected in the context of road safety.

Two weeks ago, the DOTr held the Idea Hack contest for information-technology professionals, digital media experts, mobile app developers, and road safety advocates to create strategies that will help the government in improving data gathering on road crashes.

 According to the World Health Organization, road crash statistics are important for timely analysis of programs and for the development of road safety measures.

 Paala said government agencies should combine data to look for patterns related to road crashes and create programs or interventions to prevent tragedies.
 
This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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