December 12, 2017, 1:09 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07278 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24757 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03528 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3421 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02639 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03528 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03964 Barbados Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 34.69217 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02679 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13598 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06524 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27948 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 396.82854 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0396 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0255 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.99108 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13122 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 59.62339 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.156 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85788 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43044 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.50505 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12534 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94034 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28612 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26346 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35183 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53538 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01684 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04147 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01479 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01479 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08907 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93459 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 178.43409 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14546 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.01804 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1547 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46587 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12671 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24044 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.28662 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.48364 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06983 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27788 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.46878 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 701.16946 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06938 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47374 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01402 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24961 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04063 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38206 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.68285 Cambodia Riel
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.83944 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.63231 Korean Won
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01625 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.6333 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.81665 Lao Kip
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1 Philippine Peso = 3.03469 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47968 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27056 Lesotho Loti
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0123 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02704 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18759 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34103 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.03171 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.9772 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.22597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15934 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.97721 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.67096 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30426 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.14153 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37538 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08101 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27055 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.11596 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60852 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16439 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04432 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02898 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06409 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06435 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09514 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.87314 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07216 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07797 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17163 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.55857 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07433 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15331 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26983 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13201 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16747 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0268 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0148 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44016 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 151.23885 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08028 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 412.8087 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17344 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20773 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27056 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64618 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04946 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04551 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07598 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13358 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59489 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.28147 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53697 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.63528 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01982 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57542 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.35679 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19772 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 450.12883 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12071 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05137 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.04004 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05352 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.53221 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00932 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.95441 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27055 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.86422 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.17344 Zimbabwe dollar

Saving, errors of self- invested plans hurt

By James Saft

A little thought experiment for retirement savers:

Pretend we are at the race track and I pick your pocket, take a 10-dollar bill, replace the wallet surreptitiously and then ‘give’ you the money with instructions to put the funds on a horse. Now pretend that I also instruct you to take another 10 dollars of your own money and make a second bet.

I’ll bet, with my own money, that you pick a riskier horse with longer odds for the ‘gift’ tenner than the one you actually had to fish out of your wallet. After all, if you are playing with house money, why not shoot for the stars, right?

That, in essence, is the situation many defined contribution (DC) retirement savers face and taking fewer risks with ‘their’ money is how they respond, according to a new study.

The results don’t just confirm some truism of behavioral economics but perhaps point to important conclusions about the pitfalls of our system of self-directed retirement savings.

The study looked at how employees allocate defined benefit plan (DB) investments in plans which are entirely funded by their employer as compared to how they invest money in ones funded by forgone take-home pay, in this instance 403b plans for employees at a state university. (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm...)

The upshot is that savers take fewer risks and have lower allocations to theoretically higher-return assets in retirement plans in which they’ve chosen to enjoy less take-home pay as a funding source as against ‘automatic’ plans in which the entire amount is contributed by the employer.

“These findings are consistent with the notion of a house money effect, with the employer contribution as the house money. Employees appear be more willing to take risk with the employer money, or ‘free money,’ than their own salary reduction contribution to the 403(b) account,” Andrea Anthony and Kristine Beck of the University of Oregon and Inga Chira of California State University- Northridge wrote in the study.

The study used data from Oregon State University employees, meaning that the typical participant was both better educated and better off than an average retirement saver.

Remember, all funds put into retirement savings are earnings, not gifts; they are the result of market forces and negotiation rather than largesse by employers. The salient difference between the two main types of plans studied is that the 403b ones were elective and funded by a sacrifice of take-home pay today for retirement money in the future.

The study isn’t useful just because it demonstrates that we become more risk-averse if we feel it is ‘our’ money at stake, but also that it points out some fundamental flaws in the system in the U.S., which is dominated by self-directed retirement savings accounts in which the beneficiary makes the decision about how to invest.

That move, from DB plans to DC ones, shifted risk to individual employees from companies and other employees. It also meant that most retirement savers must now rely on an amateur - themselves - who is prone to many self-destructive behavioral biases.

Retirement savers should be investing in equities and other high-risk, high-reward assets if they meet their own risk profile well, not avoiding them because it would be painful to lose what feels like your own hard-earned money.

A 2015 study from Boston College showed that defined benefit plans, which are managed by professionals, had a weighted average return of 7.9 percent annually between 1990 and 2012, compared to 7 percent for defined contribution plans. While that underperformance was in part driven by paying higher fees, it excludes the impact of Individual Retirement Accounts, which are also self-managed, and which own about half as many more assets as DC accounts. 

Geometric rates of return for DB plans were 4.7 percent from 2000-2012, compared to 3.1 percent for DC plans and just 2.2 percent for IRAs.

The typical IRA is not only charged higher fees than DB ones but holds a whopping 11 percent of assets in low-yielding money market accounts.

Individuals are just not very good at this game, and it will be individuals who suffer due to low returns compounded over decades.  – Reuters 
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